upadhESa raththina mAlai – 58

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pAsuram 58

sachchampiradhAyam thAm udaiyOr kEttakkAl
mechchum viyAkkiyai(gal) [thAn] uNdAgil – nachchi
adhikariyum neer vachana bhUdaNaththukku aRRa
madhi udaiyeer maththiyaththarAy.                                        58

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Word by word meaning

uNdAgil – If available
viyAkkiyai thAn – that is, the vyAkyAnams (for SrI vachana bhUshaNam) such that
sachchampiradhAyam thAm udaiyOr – those involved in sath samprathAyam
kEttakkAl – would listen/learn
mechchum – and they all would consider it as good, (then)
madhi udaiyeer – Oh intelligent ones! that is
aRRa – dedicated
vachana bhUdaNaththukku – to SrI vachana bhUshaNam,
neer – you
nachchi – like it (such vyAkyAnam)
adhikariyum – and learn it
maththiyaththarAi – while being neutral (to know pramANams).

vyAkyAnam

Those who were advised by him (maNavALa mAmunigaL) as addressed by ‘uyya ninaivu udaiyeer’ in earlier pAsuram, as this advise was fruitful, if they asked, your highness have said for many times ‘vachana bhUdaNaththin Azh poruLaik kaRRu’, and ‘vachana bhUdaNaththin vAn poruLaik kallAdhadhu ennO’, in positive and negative ways; what is the means by which we could learn its meanings? then he responds that if those with earnest interest in sath sampradhAyam would create / appreciate wonderful vyAkyAnams, then learn that and understand through that.

Or, he is saying also as – if a vyAkyAnam for SrI vachana bhUshaNam is available with or without anyone asking for it (apEkshA nirapEkshamAga), then learn that through research and use it.

sachchampirdhAyam thAm udaiyOr kEttakkAl – That is, as said in ‘Odhi Odhuviththu AdhiyAy varum [periya thirumozhi 3.5.6]’ (for time immemorial they have been reciting and teaching), ones having involvement in continuing sath sampradhAyam, like him as said in ‘vAkyAnalangkruthivAkyAnAm vyAkyAthAram [uththara dhinacharya – 2]’ (he who describes the sentences in SrI vachana bhUshaNam),

and as said in ‘vAkyasangathi vAkyArtha thAthparyANi yathA Srutham | vyAkurvannEva pUrvEshAm varththamAna: padhE padhE svamanIshikayA naiva kalpayan kinchidhapyayam| gupthAn sarvAn guruthvEna gUd(h)AnarthAnadhIdhisath [yathIndhra pravaNa prabhAvam page – 129]’ (Relationship of sentences, meanings of them, and abstracts … he learned them),

if they heard, that is those who have learned vyAkyAnam of vachana bhUshaNam very well, and who listen to it regularly at AchAryan’s sannidhi (presence/assembly); if you heard; that is you who have known the meanings of sampradhAyam very well;

mechchum viyAkkiyai thAn uNdAgil – Like all the well learned ones who heard seethA charitham that is SrI rAmAyaNam were fondly saying ‘ahO geethasya mahAthmyam/mAdhuryam [SrI rAmAyaNam – bAla kANdam 4.16] (the melody and the meaningful verses, wow! superb!),

and like those said in ‘kEttu ArAr vAnavargaL [thiruvAimozhi 10.6.11]’ (~nithyasUris would listen to the prabandham from mukthAthmAs going from here, and cannot quench their thirst for it), as they would fondly listen to thiruvAimozhi which is ‘sevikku iniya senchol [thiruvAimozhi 10.6.11]’ (beautiful words that are like nectar to the ears),

in the same way,

if those who nurture the sath sampradhAyam, hear such vyAkyAnam of SrI vachana bhUshaNam, and then say ‘wow there is such a vyAkyAnam’ – if there is such vyAkyAnam

In other words, mechchum viyAkkiyai thAn – a vyAkyAnam for it that is respected by those who are respected;

vachana bhUdanaththukku aRRa madhi udaiyeer – you the knowledgeable ones who are dedicated to SrI vachana bhUshaNam;

It is said ‘vachObhUshA vyAkyAruchira varayOgIndhra rachihA vachObhis sarvEshAm varanigamasArais subahuLA | ga(m)bIrA vAkyArthairapi phalitha sathsangathigaNai: prasannA vE svArtham prakatayathu thasyaiva krupayA [varavaramuni kAvyam]’ (The beautiful vyAkyAnam for SrI vachana bhUshaNam with the divine words of maNavALa mAmunigaL, which is of best instructions of vEdham, and which is having complete and deep meanings of sentences – for me who has come here, I pray that he shows us its meanings out of his kindness);

Agil – By the ‘yathi’ sabdham (‘if’), it shows that it is hard to find such vyAkyAnam.

If you get what is very difficult to get, then,

nachchi adhikariyum neer – You who are having the wish to reach goal as experts of SrI vachana bhUshaNam, learn such vyAkyAnam with interest. It has become such that now he does not have to say ‘kallAdhadhu ennO kavarndhu [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 57] (why are they not learning with interest).

vachana bhUdanaththukkaRRa – the vykAyanams of vachana bhUshaNam that you could appreciate;

madhi udaiyeer maththiyaththarAi – when learning with interest, you who are having the mind which is an instrument that can discern, be neutral and research it, learn such that it completes your learning.

By this, is establishes that one should accept only those vyAkyAnams that are nurtured by AchAryas who are with sath sampradhAyam.

sachchampiradhAyam kEttakkAl mechchum viyAkkiyai thAn – They are like those who learned from nAlUrAchchAn piLLai, starting from thiruvAimozhi eedu, and the meanings of its essence in SrI vachana bhUshaNam – they are thirunArAyaNapuraththil Ay, thiruvAimozhi AchAryar, nallapa nAyan who is Ayi’s disciple.

As said in ‘mARil mudumbai ulagAriyan vachanak kalanum, mARan karuththin maNavALan vArththaiyum vallirukkaich cheerumpadi thiruththAzhvaraith thAdhan therindhenakkuth thERumpadi uraiththAn thiruththALgaL en chenniyadhE’ (~ He who learned and explained me for me to progress, who learned vachana bhUshaNam of the unsubstitutable mudumbai ulagAriyan (piLLai lOkAchAryar), and the words of Azhagiya maNavALp perumAL nAyanAr about the inner thoughts of nammAzhvAr (AchArya hrudhayam) – I bow my head to the divine feet of such thiruththAzhvarai thAdhan,

and in ‘AchAryahrudham samgya nibandhanasya vyAkhyAmakArshIth [varavaramuni champu]’ (Authored a vyAkyAnam for AchArya hrudhayam).

thirunarayanapuraththu_ay_jananyacharyarthirunAyAryanapuraththu Ay jananyAchAryar

It is Ayi who authored first vyAkyAnam for the dhivya prabandhams of SrI vachana bhUshaNam and AchArya hrudhayam; following him only the other vyAkyAnams were authored. It is well known that, like them, in the sannidhi of nAlUrAchchAn piLLai, he learned the meanings of thiruvAimozhi eedu and other dhivya prabandhams, and SrI vAchana bhUshaNam and such rahasya granthams.

It is also well known that he (Ay) authored a vyAkyAnam for SrI vachana bhUshaNam.

It is said ‘athishtitha chathurkrAmAchArya dhEvapathErgurO shArthairlEbhirE yEna sarvE sadhdhrAvidAgamA: [varavaramuni champu]’, about nAlUr piLLai’s teaching of the meanings.

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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