yathirAja vimSathi – thaniyan

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Thus, Erumbiappa experienced the daily rituals like Abigamanam, Upadanam and Ejjyai of his Acharya Manavala Mamunigal in Purva Dinacharyai.

Now, he experiences the fourth ritual of Svadhyaya of Mamunigal. Among the several Svadhyayas, one type is discoursing Purvacharya’s granthas to the disciples. This is being mentioned in Uttara Dinacharyai Sloka 1 Vakyalankruti Vakyanam Vyakyadaram. But thinking about the newly written Stotra called Yathiraja Vimsati, which speaks the devotion on Emberumanar, who is an Acharya to Mamunigal, Erumbiappa repeats the Stotra.

Nammalvar is called Prapannajanakutastha, which means that Nammalvar is the Mula purusha, the primordial one, in the practice of  Prapatti which speaks that Bhagavan is the only means to give liberation. Manavala Mamunigal, who is worshipped by all, got Upadesa on the chronology of Acharyas starting from Nammalvar down to his Acharya Tiruvoymozhi Pillai. The gist of three rahasyas viz.Tirumantra, Dvaya and Charama Sloka, mainly speaks that Bhagavat Ramanuja is a means to attain liberation and he is the only to be attained. With such constant bhakti and grace, Mamunigal desired to liberate the people from the cycle of birth, wrote a Stotra called  Yathiraja Vimsati. With a view to  bless him with no interruptions while writing Stotra, he prayed in the first two Slokas worshipping Yathiraja.

This text reveals the gist of Rahasyas. Sri Annaappangar Swami, the commentator of this text says the words of three Rahasyas combined with 20 in number is accepted in this text. One can notice that Yatiraja Vimsati Stotra is the collection of twenty words  –  three words on Tirumantra, six words on Dvaya and eleven words on Charama Sloka. The word Vimsati means twenty.


    Yah stutim Yathipati prasadineem vyajahara Yathiraja Vimsatim /
   Tam prapannajana chatakambujam nowmi sowmya Varayogi pungavam //

word-by-word meanings

Yah  – whoever
Yathipati prasadineem  – pleads Yatiraja to shower his grace
Yathiraja Vimsatim  – the matter that pertains to Yatiraja in twenty Slokas, which is called Yatiraja Vimsati
stutim  – that Stotra
vyajahara – wrote
prapanna jana chatakambujam  – Like skylark which gives water to skylarks drawn from the cloud, Mamunigal is helping the people who did prapatti
Tam Varayogi pungavam  – that beautiful Alagiya Manavala Mamunigal, a great saint
nowmi  – worshipping.

Simple Translation

This Taniyan was written by Erumbiappa.  The word Yathipati prasadinee means that this Stotra will have effect in getting the grace of Emberumanar for those who recites this.  The word prapannajana chatakambuda means like Emberumanar is like cloud which showers water for the living of a skylark, Emberumanar is helping the people who did prapatti. The word Yogipungavaha refers to Mahamuni.

Translation by Sri U.Ve.Dr.M.Varadarajan Swami, MA, MA, PhD

Source: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2015/10/yathiraja-vimsathi-tamil-thaniyan/

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