upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 46 and 47

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 46

Forty sixth pAsuram. Just like vEdham [which has anga, primary component and upAnga, secondary component], since thiruvAimozhi too has primary and secondary components through the other dhivya prabandhams (divine compositions of other AzhwArs), mAmunigaL, intending to celebrate the great people who wrote the vyAkhyAnams for these prabandhams, starts with celebrating the supreme benefit carried out by periyavAchchAn piLLai.

periyavAchchAn piLLai pinbuLLavaikkum
theriya vyAkyiyaigaL seyvAl – ariya
aruLichcheyal poruLai Ariyargatku ippOdhu
aruLich cheyalAyththaRindhu

periyavAchchAn piLLai, who is affectionately referred to as vyAkhyAnach chakravarthy (emperor among commentators) and who was a dear disciple of nampiLLai, wrote the commentaries for all the remaining 3000 dhivya prabandhams [aruLichcheyals] of AzhwArs such that everyone knows the meanings of all the pAsurams. Due to this, the AchAryars who came after him were able to know well that these are the aruLichcheyals of AzhwArs. He has the singular honour of listening to the complete meanings of all the aruLichcheyals from his AchAryar and experiencing them joyfully in his divine mind, as well as instructing the meanings to others.

pAsuram 47

Forty seventh pAsuram. mAmunigaL mercifully writes about the commentaries written mercifully by nanjIyar and others.

nanjIyar seydha vyAkyiyaigaL nAliraNdukku
enjAmai yAvum illaiyE – tham sIrAl
vaiya guruvin thambi mannu maNavALa muni
seyyum avai thAmum sila

Though nanjIyar mercifully wrote the commentaries for a few prabandhams, he did not write the commentaries for all the prabandhams like periyavAchchAn piLLai (it would have been wonderful if he had!). azhagiya maNavALap perumAL nAyanAr, the divine younger brother of piLLai lOkAchAriyAr, and who had eminent, auspicious qualities as well as deep knowledge on aruLichcheyals and SAsthras, mercifully wrote wonderful commentaries for a few prabandhams. vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar, who had apt greatness, has also mercifully written a few commentaries.

Sources: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-46/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-47/

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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