SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
In the third decad, after AzhwAr enjoyed emperumAn‘s easy mingling with everyone, giving up attachment towards everything else and becoming attached to him, AzhwAr started fearing for such emperumAn’s lonely presence in this world for the sake of protecting his devotees ignoring his own enjoyability and tenderness, without any help amidst demoniac people and those who are not interested towards him, highlights the following aspects of him:
- his great enjoyability
- his having weapons for the destruction of enemies
- his not having any help
- his greatly beautiful form which makes one fear for eons if he was not seen even for a moment
- his tenderness which does not tolerate any fatigue
- Though having an enjoyable form, his engagement in destroying the enemies
- his Sriya:pathithvam (being the lord of SrI mahAlakshmi) which makes one engage in small kainkaryams at least
- his natural tendency to unite with everyone
- his state of not being understandable even by most knowledgeable persons
- his great prowess which makes even the most distinguished personalities to worship him
AzhwAr meditated upon these aspects, became weakened thinking “such emperumAn, disregarding his own beauty and tenderness, has descended in this samsAram which is filled with unfavourable persons, and is present here without any help; I am unable to serve him here as well”; seeing that, emperumAn shows his servitors and great prowess and AzhwAr becomes pacified and mercifully explains these in this decad.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction
In the previous decad, in the tenth pAsuram, as AzhwAr enjoyed emperumAn’s physical beauty saying “Or kOla neela nannedungunRam varuvadhoppAn” (walking towards me like a unique, attractive, tall, bluish, distinguished mountain with special minerals, herbs etc), AzhwAr forgot all his sufferings and thinks “He has descended in this evil samsAram with this beautiful form and roams around alone. Enemies, neutral people and those who are seeking worldly benefits are present in abundance and those who care for him are not seen in this samsAram; to fulfil the desires of seekers of wealth, he appears as one among the mortal beings, being subservient to some, and resides in temples and homes as archAvathAra emperumAn for those who are subsequent to vibhavAvathArams; for such emperumAn there is none who understands his tenderness and cares for him; I am unable to help him as well” and becomes upset for his loneliness and becomes scared; sarvESvaran pacifies him by manifesting his omnipotence and highlighting “Don’t fear that there is none who cares for me; mumukshus (liberation seekers), mukthAthmAs (liberated souls) and nithyasidhdhas (eternally liberated souls) are fully engaged in caring for me only; do I need anyone else to care for me?” and AzhwAr becomes pacified observing that. This is also explained as AzhwAr being upset for his loneliness that there is none along with him to care for sarvESvaran. AzhwAr thinks “nithyasUris are fully engaged in enjoying bhagavAn and hence are not caring for him; samsAris (bound souls) are fully engaged in worldly pleasures and hence are not caring for him; brahmA, rudhra et al are engaged in making him the target of the arrows [of the demoniac persons], and using him for their needs as said in thiruviruththam 92 ‘nIL nagar eri vaiththu aruLAy‘ (Mercifully burn down the great town of lankA); hence there is none who can accompany me to care for emperumAn”. The awareness of “SEshi (bhagavAn) being the rakshaka (protector) for the SEshavasthu (AthmA, the servitor)” is the first step for knowledge; but true knowledge is to extend that awareness further – as SEshavasthu is duty bound to bring about greatness to SEshi and realise the true nature of self, he should think “bhagavAn is to be protected and we are the ones who protect him”.
[This decad is highlighted as nammAzhwAr’s thiruppallANdu]
Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.
- pAsuram 1
- pAsuram 2
- pAsuram 3
- pAsuram 4
- pAsuram 5
- pAsuram 6
- pAsuram 7
- pAsuram 8
- pAsuram 9
- pAsuram 10
- pAsuram 11
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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