upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 18

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pAsuram 18

mangaLAsAsanaththil maRRuLLa AzhvArgaL
thangaL Arvaththu aLavu thAN anRi – pongum
parivAlE villipuththUr pattar pirAn peRRAn
periyAzhvAr ennum peyar                                                     18

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Word by word meaning

mangaLAsAsanaththilIn doing mangaLASAsanam (wishing long live)
maRRuLLa AzhvArgaL thangaL – the other AzhvArs
Arvaththu aLavu thAn anRi – limited by their love, unlike that,
pongum – increasing/overflowing
parivAlE – affection
villipuththUr – one who incarnated in SrIvillipuththur
pattar pirAn – head of the learned
peRRAr(n) – is having/got
periyAzhvAr ennum peyar – the divine name of periyAzhvAr

vyAkyAnam

Considering the difference between other AzhvArs and this AzhvAr in doing mangaLASAsanam he got the name of periyAzhvAr – and through this he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is divining about the greatness, starting with ‘mangaLAsAsanaththil’.

That is, when it comes to mangaLASAsanam, unlike other AzhvArs‘ level of devotion, due to the abundant/increased affection towards bhagavAn this AzhvAr who is identified as belonging to SrIvillipuththur, got the divine name of periyAzhvAr.

mangaLAsAsanam is – due to the tenderness/delicateness of that one (that is, emperumAn), even at the expense of destruction of self, he (AzhvAr) would wish to create greatness for Him. svarUpam (nature) is to create greatness for emperumAn isn’t it? It was divined as ‘SEshikku athisayaththai viLaikkai SEshabhUthanukku svarUpa lAbhamum prApyamum [mumukshuppadi – 177] (Creating greatness for the master is the nature and destiny of the servant).

Getting ‘mayarvaRa mathi nalam [thiruvAimozhi 1.1.1]’ (unblemished knowledge) etc., are same among them, but when it comes to mangaLASAsanam, this AzhvAr’s depth in it makes a difference.

AzhvArgaL thangaL Arvam – As said in ‘adhanil periya en avA [thiruvAimozhi 10.10.10], ones desires are so big, asking for everything of sentient, non-sentient and (even) Isvaran; and it is this desire to be destroyed is what they (the other AzhvArs) wished for.

Their interest is like said in ‘abhinivEsam pOvadhu anubhavaththAlE [SrI vachana bhUshaNam – 293]’, (~ their rush of devotion gets under control after getting the divine experience)

and ‘saththA samrudhdhigaL dharsana anubhava kainkaryangaLAlE [SrI vachana bhUshaNam – 257]’ ((the other AzhvArs’) being/living is based on being able to see emperumAn, getting that experience, and doing kainkaryam to Him).

So this happens only once in a while for these AzhvArs.

In this way they wished for their getting the completeness, of Him;, whereas for periyAzhvAr it is about Him getting the completeness, which he sustains based on his mangaLASAsanam. This is the higher level of devotion of this AzhvAr.

pongum parivAlE – Due to the ever multiplying affection; that is, as said in ‘anbE perugum [periya thiruvanthAdhi – 8] (In your matter my love is ever increasing), and ‘enthan aLavanRAl yAnudaiya anbu’ [iraNdAm thiruvanthAdhi – 100] (the love adiyEn have got for you does not stay within me), and ‘snEhOmE parama: [SrI rAmAyaNam uththara kAndam – 40-16] (I have got only affection more for you), not stopping at surrendering to Him but his love (flood) is crossing the shores.

It is similarly said in ‘sOrAdha kAdhal perun chuzhippAl thollai mAlai onRum pArAdhu avanaip pallANdu enRu kAppidum pAnmaiyan thAL [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 15].

His love matches that of emperumAn’s love; the love of one who is supreme is matched by this AzhvAr’s devotion.

Now, it is talking about the greatness of the divine name that came from the greatness of such devotion.

perialwar1periyAzhwAr as divining in SrIvillipuththUr

villipuththUr pattar pirAn peRRAn periyAzhvAr ennum peyar – The whole reason for saying this name for him, is his birth in this place isn’t it? Similar to saying, ‘ArAdha kAdhal kurugUrch chatakOpan [thiruvAimozhi 2.1.11] (uncontrollable love kurugUrch chatakOpan – (this says it along with the place where nammAzhvAr was born)).

villipuththUr pattar pirAn – It says his village, lineage, and occupation respectively.

His identity is ‘villipuththUr udaiyAn’. Also saying ‘vishNu chiththan’, and ‘kOyilil vAzhum vaittaNavan [periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 5.1.3] (~ am a SrIvaishNavan who is always in the temple)’, he is like ‘vishNunA vyapadhEshtavya:’ (should say by the name of vishNu) – everything is that for this AzhvAr.

pattar pirAn peRRAn periyAzhvAr ennum peyar – after getting the fame/name by establishing the supremacy of sarvEsvaran, since he performed mangaLASAsanam due to worrying about emperumAn’s delicate divine body, this is the name he got.

Since mangaLASAsanam is done by him all the time every day, this divine name got established fully for him.

– – – – –

English Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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