rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 70

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Introduction (given by maNavALa mAmunigaL)

In the previous pAsuram – amudhanAr was happy thinking about the help that emperumAnAr divined; next, thinking that compared to the part done, the part to be done is of bigger wonder, and looking at the divine face of emperumAnAr, amudhanAr is placing his request about what he desires.

Introduction (given by piLLailOkam jIyar)

In the previous pAsuram – amudhanAr was happy thinking about the help that emperumAnAr divined; in this pAsuram amudhanAr is directly placing a request to emperumAnAr – if investigating about my bad ways and about your immeasurable greatness, it is better (if you) accept and take me in. Instead if considering about the mistakes which I committed to the full extent, counting and adding them up, and again researching more, there would be no sin in me that could be remotely named as a goodness, so I would have to be discarded; Oh! what others who have surrendered to you would say about the kindness of yours who (is supposed to) lifts everyone up (from the material world) (if I am so discarded).

ennaiyum pArththu en iyalvaiyum pArththu eNNil pal guNaththa
unnaiyum pArkkil aruL seyvadhE nalam anRi en pAl
pinnaiyum pArkkil nalam uLadhE un perum karuNai
thannai en pArppar irAmAnusA unnaich chArndhavarE                    –   70

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Word by word meaning (given by maNavALa mAmunigaL)

ennaiyum pArththu – Having used to involve in matters of my senses for time eternal, as said in ‘rAmAnujArya vishayeekrutha mapyahOmAm | bhUya: pradharshayathi vaishayikO vimOha: [SrI vaikuNta sthavam – 99](even after being taken up by emperumAnAr,  the illusion of pleasure to senses surrounds and takes me over), even after your highness has accepted me in, due to the strength of bad scent (of earlier deeds), I am still having abundant interest in unfavorable matters – your highness seeing me of such state,
I involve in worldly matters in accordance with that (bad) interest; such is my –
iyalvaiyum pArththu –  and seeing such bad ways (of me),
that which is of greatness of accepting those bad aspects as qualifications,
that is,
unnaiyum pArkkil – if you see yourself (of)
eNNil pal – many innumerable
guNaththa – qualities,
as was done till now, even for the parts to be done in the future,
aruL seyvadhE nalam – it is better for you to show your kindness (and help me);
anRi – instead of this,
pinnaiyum pArkkil – if investigating again
nalam uLadhE  – is there any goodness
en pAl –  in me;
If (you) have to do the deed only if there is any goodness (in the person/me), then
unnaich chArndhavar  – those who have surrendered to your divine feet,
en pArppar – what would be their finding about
perum karuNai thannai – unbounded kindness
un – of your highness?

“Would they not find fault in that kindness?”  is the thought.  They might think – even this [his kindness] is of this extent only?

{Translator’s note: As said in thiruppAvai thaniyan, ‘balAthkruthya bhungthE’, where ANdAL forced (balAthkAr) krishNan to give what She wanted (paRAi/service to Him), here amudhanAr is trying to do that with emperumAnar to get him completely lift him up}

vyAkyAnam

ennaiyum pArththu – your highness who knows everything had taken me up voluntarily, instructed me in many ways, and made me walk in the right path, and helped me – but I who make those help to be useless, who am having abundant interest in unfavorable matters and is corrupted due to eternal growth of deeds, and uncountable doings of those not to be done, and having the scent of prior sins – seeing me of that state –

thiruvarangathu-amudhanar.emperumAnAr-at-heartthiruvarangaththu amudhanAr – doing naichyAnusandhAnam

en iyalvaiyum pArththu – as said in ‘rAmAnujArya vishayeekrutha mapyahOmAm | bhUya: pradharshayathi vaishayikO vimOha: [SrI vaikuNta sthavam – 99]’ (even after being taken up by emperumAnAr,  the illusion of pleasure to senses surrounds and takes me over), even after your highness had accepted me in, due to the hold of bad scent of prior deeds, and according to that bad taste, am involved in bad matters; seeing such practice of me,

eNNil pal guNaththa unnaiyum pArkkil – innumerable, many (groups of it), and most auspicious – having such qualities of good morals, affection, etc., which are the reasons for accepting blemishes themselves as qualifications, and having the greatness as said in ‘SeshOva sainya nAthOvA SrI pathirvEththi sAthvikai: – vidharkyAya mahA prAgyai: [yathirAja mangaLam]’ (Is he Adhi SEshan? Is he sEnai mudhaliyAr? (Only) Sri:pathi (emperumAn) would now; others continue to wonder about that) – considering very deeply about your highness of such nature,

amudhanAr’s divine mind thinks that even if there is a count for the auspicious qualities of emperumAn, there is no count for those of emperumAnAr, as said in ‘mathi kShayAn nivarthanthE na gOvindha guNa kShayAth’ (It is due to want of my intellect that I stop talking about gOvindhan’s qualities, not because of any want of count of His qualities).

aruL seyvadhE nalam – As said in ‘parama kAruNikO na bhavath para: parama SothyathamO nahi math para: – ithi vichinthya hrudhA mayi kinkarE yadh uchitham raghuveera thathA kuru”, (There is no one who is kinder than you; there is no one lowly than me; kindly keep this in your heart and grant me the services for me to perform),

your highness are of utmost kind; the lowly me am a complete sinner;

as said in ‘ahamasmi aparAdha chakravarthee karuNE thvam cha guNEshu sArvabhaumee – vidhushi sthitham eedhrushE svayam mAm vrusha SailESvara pAdha sAth kuruthvam [dhayA Sathakam]’ (I am the emperor/caught in the cycle, of sins; (thiruvEnkatam udaiyAn) is the kind one! you (thAyAr) are the best in qualities – understand this about me and you yourself please give me the divine feet (of thiruvEnkatam udaiyAn)),

and ‘thvayabilabdham bhagavan nidhAneem anuththamam pAthram idham dhayAyA:’, (sthOthra rathnam – due to your mercy only I became the target of your kindness),

can you who is bright in qualities like affection, discard me who is the completely apt receiver of your kindness?

Accepting me is your getting the one that is rare to get, isn’t it?

Accepting a sinner like me would be a fortune for your auspicious qualities, isn’t it?

So similar to how you did for the previous matters, it is best for you to voluntarily show your mercy on me for the remaining part as well.

You see, amudhanAr is saying in this way due to the opinion  – what AzhvAn prayed about nAlUrAn is because of the strength of your association.

irAmAnusA – Oh emperumAnAr!

anRi – instead of this, if investigating something else/more,

en pAl – about me who is of such (lowly) nature,

pinnaiyum pArkkil – if again investigating instead of doing the aforementioned,

nalam uLadhE – would there be any good?

~ If saying, would do some favor only based on something good in me,

unnaich chArndhavarE – all the learned ones who are reliant upon you after surrendering to your divine feet,

un perum karuNai thannai en pArppar – what would they think of the kindness of you the highly great?  That is – Would they not see it as blemished, saying, ‘is that it?’ ?

Didn’t Jeeyar also divine this meaning in ‘adhikAram uNdEl arangar irangArO, adhikAram illAdhArkkanRO ethirAsA nee iranga vENduvadhu, neeyum adhikArigaLukkE irangil en seyvOm yAm’ (Arththi prabandham – ~ if there is any qualification in me, arangar would have shown compassion; Oh emperumAnAr! it is for those who do not have any qualification that you have to show your compassion; if you too are compassionate only to the qualified, then what would we do?)

From AzhwAr thirunagari SrI u.vE. vidhwAn thirumalai nallAn chakravarththi rAmakrishNa iyengAr’s ‘amudha virundhu’ :

Like how his AchAryan AzhvAn said in ‘rAmAnujArya vishayeekrutha mapyahOmAm | bhUya: pradharshayathi vaishayikO vimOha: [Sri vaikuNta sthavam – 99]’ (even after being taken up by emperumAnAr,  the illusion of pleasure to senses surrounds and takes me over), amudhanAr is also following his AchAryan and showing his naichyAnusandhAnam (thinking of self as lowly).

anRi en pAl pinnaiyum pArkkil nalam uLadhE – earlier, without seeking any qualification in me you came and voluntarily accepted me due to your kindness;  given that, now if you try to find some qualification in me to show your grace, would such qualifications grow in me all of a sudden? – asks amudhanAr.

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