upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 51 and 52

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upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 51

Fifty first pAsuram. mAmunigaL mercifully narrates as to how nampiLLai got the distinguished divine name of lOkAchAryar.

thunnu pugazh kandhAdai thOzhappar tham ugappAl
enna ulagAriyanO enRu uraikkap – pinnai
ulagrAriyan ennum pEr nampiLLaikku Ongi
vilagAmal ninRadhu enRum mEl

kandhAdaith thOzhappar was one who had greatness in terms of his clan of birth and knowledge, being the grandson of mudhaliyAndAn [nephew of bhagavadh rAmAnujar as well as one of his dear disciples]. He was [surprisingly] jealous of nampiLLai, due to nampiLLai’s knowledge and the number of disciples whom he had. One day, he insulted nampiLLai in the sannidhi of namperumAL, in the presence of other devotees and returned to his house. His wife, hearing about what took place, chastised him for his act, as a result of which he attained clarity in his mind. He opened the door of his house to go and apologise to nampiLLai. nampiLLai was waiting outside his door. Before he could say anything, nampiLLai told him “I have behaved inappropriately such that you, a descendant in the clan of mudhaliyANdAn, became angry. You should pardon me for my behaviour”. Listening to this, kandhAdai thOzhappar said “I have not seen anyone like you till now. You are an AchAryar not only for a few people but you are qualified to be the AchAryar for the whole world. You are lOkAchAryar (teacher for the whole world)”. After this incident, the name lOkAchAryar spread everywhere for nampiLLai and became established firmly.

pAsuram 52

Fifty second pAsuram. He explains the reason for this divine name lOkAchAryar to become famous throughout the world.

pinnai vadakkuth thiruvIdhippiLLai anbAl
anna thirunAmaththai Adhariththu – mannu pugazh
maindharkkuch chARRugaiyAl vandhu parandhadhu engum
indhath thirunAmam ingu

After the narration seen in the previous pAsuram, vadakkuththiruvIdhip piLLai, disciple of nampiLLai, due to the affection towards that divine name of lOkAchAriyar, gave that divine name to his son who was born out of his AchAryan’s mercy, and who had fitting greatness. Thus, this divine name became even more famous. mAmunigaL too praises piLLai lOckAchAryar with lot of affection as “vAzhi ulagAriyan” (long live piLLai lOkAchAryAr!) With piLLai lOkAchAryar mercifully composing many rahasya granthams (confidential SAsthras) for uplifting all people of the world, out of his great compassion, his divine name was also celebrated throughout the world.

Sources: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-51/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/11/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-52/

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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