periya thirumadal – 11 – mannum aRam porul

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mannum aRam poruL inbam vIdu enRu ulagil
nanneRi mEmbattana nAnganRE nAnginum                        11
pinnaiyadhu pinnaip peyar tharum enbadhOr

Word by word meaning

mannum aRam poruL inbam vIdu enRu – being firmly established as righteousness, wealth, love and mOksham (attaining paramapadham or SIvaikuNtam)
ulagil nal neRi mEmbattana nAngu anRE – these are the four ultimate benefits as said in this world as being attained through correct means.
nAnginum – among these four benefits
pinnai peyar tharum enbadhu – after this physical body is gone [after death], it will get another body (as mentioned in SAsthras)


ammaRaidhAn – those vEdhas

mannum aRam poruL inbam vIdu enRu ulagil nanneRi mEmbattana nAnganRE – in the world, the four ultimate benefits of aRam (righteousness), poruL (wealth), kAmam (love) and vIdu (mOksham) are the ones which are realised through proper means. Initially it says mannum aRam (firmly established righteousness). aRam by itself means righteousness. Why qualify it with the word mannum aRam? Righteousness is effected by poruL (wealth) and righteousness is the path for attaining kAmam and vIdu (love and mOksham). Hence it is firmly established through these two forms. poruL is the benefit which is also referred to as arththam. inbam is the benefit which is cherished by AzhwAr [here it is the love towards sarvESvaran and not the lower variety of physical love, indulged in by samsAris]. vIdu is the fourth benefit which is spoken of by others.

nAnginum – among these four benefits

pinnaiyadhu pinnai – the benefit mentioned at the end (of the four) is referred to as pinnaiyadhu. pinnai – it will keep getting delayed, saying “later”. There is none who has attained this benefit with this physical form. Could one talk derisively of the supreme benefit which is mentioned as readily available by SAsthras (vEdhams, sacred texts)? Since AzhwAr has the desire to enjoy it with his present physical form, he is mentioning this way. Could one term an experience which he gets after giving up this physical form, going to a very faraway place and enjoying it at some distant point of time as something worthy? No. Even that experience has only been heard from vEdhas and vaidhikas (followers of vEdhas). There is none who has recounted it after seeing or experiencing it.

peyar tharum enbadhu – giving up this physical form, acquiring another and enjoying . This is similar to one person carrying out penance and another person enjoying the benefit of that penance. Alternatively, we can group the verse as pinnaip peyar tharum and the meaning will be as said before.

In the next article, we will discuss the next part of this prabandham.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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