srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:
1-2-3 ] 4 – 5 – 6-7
neRi muRai nAl vagai varuNamum Ayinai
methagum aimperum pUthamum nIyE
aRupadham muralum kUndhal kAraNam
Ezhvidai adangach cheRRanai
Word by word meaning
nAl vagai varuNamum Ayinai – You control all four varNas (category of births)
neRi muRai – who conduct themselves according to sAsthra
mE thagum ai perum pUthamum nIyE – You are the antharyAmi of all the five elements (bhUthams) into which AthmAs can enter into and get set into them.
aRupadham muralum kUndhal kAraNam – For nappinnai pirAtti to whose hair the bees (six legs) come buzzing (for enjoying the honey),
Ezh vidai – the seven bulls
adanga cheRRanai – (which you) crushed them together
After talking in the previous phrase about yOga nidhrA (aRi thuyil – meditation) for protecting, it now talks about how He protects us, lets us be.
He created the four varNas and required them to follow the ways set for them, for worshiping Him. He does not like to be worshiped in other ways by the respective people of the varNas. The varNas can be said as He himself.
He let the AthmAs set into the body that is made of the five elements, and lets us think that we are human, dhEva, etc. He is the antharyAmi in these elements. Thus He protects us as He lets us be, and helps worship Him.
The above is common to every being, and thirumangai Azhwar mentions a special and specific case next – as how He crushed the bulls that prevented Him from getting nappinnai pirAtti who is beautiful, that bees would buzz around her hair that is having honey, flowers;
After talking in the previous phrase about yOga nidhrA (aRi thuyil) for protecting, it now talks about how He protects us.
neRi muRai nAl vagai varuNamum Ayinai – You are the four varNas (brAhmaNa, kshathriya, vaishya, and shUdhra) who conduct themselves within the respective limits set by the sAsthras. Says that these four varNas are under your control. Since you gave these four varNas to the AthmAs, and since you are the target of the conduct/worship of these varNas according to their ways, it can be said that ‘You are the four varNas’, is the opinion.
‘aham hi sarva yagyAnAm bhOkthA cha praBhurEva cha’ [gIthA – 9-24] (I am the one who enjoys all the yagyas (that are performed for me); I am the benefactor who gives benefits for them), and
“varNAshrama AchArvathA purushENa para: pumAn | vishNur ArADhayathE panthA nAnyas thaththOshakAraka: ||” [vishNu purANam 3-8-9] (vishNu is worshiped only by those men who live according to the dharma of their varNAshramam; He does not get happiness when done in other ways), and
“chAthur varNyam mayA srushtam” [gItha 4-13] (all the four varNas are created by me)
– these are the meanings of what sAsthras have provided, isn’t it?
mEthagum aimperum pUthamum nIyE – The elements of the body into which AthmAs enter and get set – earth, water, fire, air, space – all these grand elements are You only. That is, they are controlled by You.
mEthagu – enter and settled well into; that is, as said in ‘yAdhAnum Or Akkaiyil pukku angu AppuNdum” [thiruviruththam 95] – the AthmAs enter the bodies of dhEvas, humans, etc., and they get set into them to the extent of making them think “dhEvOham manushyOham” (I am a dhEva, I am a human), and they become eligible to follow the karmAs according to those bodies they entered into.
Saying “nAlvagai varuNamum Ayinai; aim perum pUthamum nIyE” , Azhwar shows the meaning, “for my body and its ways, the existence, being, and activities (saththA, sthithi, pravruththi) are under your control, so is there anyone to protect me other than You?”
In yOga nidhrA, emperumAn thought of the protection of beings, and the previous phrase talked about the common aspects of creation, existence, etc. Now it talks about a special case of Him protecting nappinnai pirAtti.
aRupadha muralum kUndhal – bees, which have six legs, are buzzing around and settling into the hair of nappinnai pirAtti, for the sumptuous honey ; for the reason of getting such a nappinnai..
Ezh vidai adangach cheRRanai – without missing any of the sever bulls you crushed their necks and killed; the bulls which were preventing you from hugging such a pirAtti;
By this, “Like how you removed the hindrances for getting nappinnai pirAtti, please grace me and remove the hindrances that prevent You from getting me” is the idea that thirumangai AzhwAr shows in this phrase.
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Translation by raghuram srInivAsa dAsan
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