upadhESa raththina mAlai – 43

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pAsuram 43

nampiLLAi thammudaiya nal aruLAl Eviyidap
pin periyavAchchAn piLLai adhanAl – inbA
varu paththi mARan maRaip poruLaich chonnadhu
irupaththu nAlAyiram.                                                                       43


Word by word meaning

thammudaiya – by his
nal aruLAl – good grace
Eviyida – commanded,
pin – after that
adhanal – due to that precept
periyavAchchAn piLLai
chonnadhu – divined
mARan maRaip poruLai – meanings of thiruvAimozhi (that came due to)
paththi – devotion (that came due to)
inbA – delightful
varu – bhagavath katAksham (to nammAzhvAr);
irupaththu nAlAyiram – (vykyAnam for it is) – irupaththu nAlAyirappadi (24,000).


He (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is divining that, after that, based on nampiLLai’s order, periyavAchchAn piLLai divined a vyAkyAnam that is three times bigger than the one said in previous pAsuram (onbadhinAyirappadi vyAkyAnam of nanjeeyar).

nampiLLai thammudaiya nal aruLAl Eviyida – Being one who enriches the sampradhAyam, who is glorified as as ‘kAruNyapUrNam kalivairidhAsam [nampiLLai thaniyan]’ (being full of kindness, having the name of thirukkalikanRi dhAsar dhAsyam nAmam nampiLLai), being a krupAmAthra prasannAchAryar (teaches purely based on looking at the pitiable state of those sentient who are interested in learning and following), that is nampiLLai,

being interested only in being beneficial to others, with his grace as said in ‘koLvadhilaiyAgiya kuLirndha aruL thAn [SrI vachana bhUshaNam thaniyan]’, asked him to do a vyAkyAnam for thiruvAimozhi; as per that, based on the precept that is only due to grace, (periyavAchchAn piLLai) thought of it as ‘kriyathAm ithi [SrI rAmAyaNam AraNya kAndam – 15.7]’ (it shall be built), and as ‘kUvip paNi koLLAy [thiruvAimozhi 8.5.7]’ (call me in front of you and divine your acceptance of my servitude),

periyavachan-pillaiperiyavAchchAn piLLAi

pin periyavAchchAn piLLAi – after such a command, as said in ‘paraVanasmi [SrI rAmAyaNam AraNya kANdam 15.7](adiyen dhAsa bhUthan), being a servant of that one,

adhanAl – based on the command of the AchAryan – by this it distinguishes him from naduvil thiruveedhip piLLai bhattar, and vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai who wrote vyAkyAams on their own accord (after listening to kAlakshEpams of nampiLLai).

adhanAl inbA varu paththi mARan maRaip poruLai – If what is desired to be done very much is decreed to be done, then one would rush for it. For thiruvAimozhi too which is ‘pAlOdu amudhanna Ayiram [thiruvAimozhi 8.6.11]’ (being most enjoyable like the mix of milk and nectar/food), such a decree was made for doing vyAkyAnam. That is why he authored vyAkyAnam for thiruvAimozhi that was created by the devotion instigated by emperumAn (that is, inbA varu paththi mARan maRaip poruLaich chonnadhu).

inbA varu paththi – The matter (emperumAn) to think about is sweet, as can be said as ‘susukham [srI bhagavath gIthA 9.2]’ (pleasant/sweet to follow in action), the devotion (bhakthi) is being of unlimited happiness, AzhvAr who is apt (prApthar) and respected/confidential (Apthar), by the force of overflowing devotion like a flooding river, divined thiruvAimozhi which is thamizh vEdham, and periyavAchchAn piLLai divined its meanings as a vyAkyAnam for it.

irupaththu nAlAyiram – is the meanings of thiruvAimozhi of paththi (devotion) mARan.

Like saying ‘kAdhal kurugUrch chatakOpan [thiruvAimozhi 2.1.11]’ (having uncontrollable love that is nammAzhvAr of AzhvAr thirunagari), since this came due to ‘inbA varu paththi’ (grace through which the devotion came), it incarnated as ‘bhakthAmrutham [thiruvAimozhi thaniyan]’ (as nectar for devotees). In this way, the unbounded sweetness that is the meanings of mARan‘s thiruvAimozhi, is of twenty four thousand.

As said in ‘chathurvimsathsahasrANi SlOkAnAm ukthavAn rushi: [SrI rAmAyaNam bAla kANdam – 4.2]’ (rushi divined it having twenty four thousand slOkas), the count of one that is best of ithihAsams, that is, SrI rAmAyaNam, is how periyavAchchAn piLLai divined his vyAkyAnam.

inbA varu paththi mARan maRaip poruLai – As said in ‘irAmAyaNam ennum paththi veLLAm [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 37]’ (~ flood of devotion that is rAmAyaNam), is how this (thiruvAimozhi) is also of flood of devotion. So its vyAkyAnam is also formed in the same way (of count).

‘SrI rAmAyaNam enRum thiruvAimozhi enRum iraNdu mahA prabandhangaL uNdu’ (there are two great prabandhams named SrI rAmAyaNam and thiruvAimozhi) – is how these two are said as equivalent isn’t it?

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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