upadhESa raththina mAlai – 42

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pAsuram 42

thanjeerai gyAniyargaL thAm pugazhum vEdhAnthi
nanjeeyar thAm bhattar nal aruLAl – enjAdha
Arvamudan mARan maRip poruLai Ayndhu uraiththadhu
Er onbadhinAyiram.                                                                             42


Word by word meanings

gyAniyargaL thAm – Those having knowledge of thathvam (truth of existence)
pugazhum – would praise
tham seerai – his greatness
vEdhanthi – who is the learned one
nanjeeyar thAm – that is nanjeeyar,
nal aruLAl – due to the good grace of
bhattar – SrI parAsara bhattar,
Ayndhu – (nanjeeyar) thought through / researched the
mARan mARaip poruLai – meanings of thiruvAimozhi of mARan (nammAzhvAr)
uraiththadhu – and divined
enjAdha – with never decreasing
Arvamudan – devotion
Er – a beautiful
onbadhinAyiram – onbadhinAyirappadi vyAkyAnam (9,000 padi).


maNvALa mAmunigaL divines that, after that, by the grace of periya bhattar, nanjeeyar divined in a great way a vyAkyAnam that is half time more than ArAyirappadai (of piLLAn) for thiruvAimozhi – as onbadhinAyiram (nine thousand) – starting the pAsuram with ‘nanjeeyar’ and so on.

That is, having knowledge and other qualities that are apt for authoring a vyAkyAnam for thiruvAimozhi, the knowledge that is praised by those having knowledge in vEdham, etc.

Or, having the greatness of qualities that are auspicious for the world, like following the path of AchAryan as said in ‘AchAryavAn [chAndhOkyOpanishath – 6.14.2]’ (One having AchAryan is the one who understands truth of existence (thathvam)), and such qualities, so having greatness that is celebrated by the knowledgeable ones, and who is identified as vEdhAnthigaL, that is nanjeeyar.

Now due to the greatness of being called ‘vEdhAnthi nanjeeyar’, bhattar divined his visit quite far and corrected him – he having such greatness.

parasara-bhattar bhattar with nanjIyar at his lotus feet

nanjeeyar thAm – such a highly valued person

bhattar nal aruLAl – Due to bhattar’s own mercy. For him bhattar’s mercy worked out directly and seen – for him to author a vyAkyAnam for thiruvAimozhi.

bhattar nal aruLAl – nallaruL – like saying ‘namperumAL’ (an adjective which highlights the greatness/proximity to heart?). There it was the mercy of Him, he who is mentioned in thiruvAimozhi; here it is the grace of who taught about thiruvAimozhi (bhattar). This grace is being better than His grace – that was reason for one thousand (pAsurams in thiruvAimozhi); this is reason for nine thousand (onbadhinAyirappadi). This is being nine for one {means being more merciful/kind}.

aruLAl enjAdha Arvamudan: Due to his (bhattar’s) grace, auspicious thing happened to him (nanjeeyar). Like said as ‘nalam aruLinan [thiruvAizmohi 1.1.1]’ (divined goodness). By such grace of him only he got unbounded love in this. enjal – contracting; (enjAdha is the opposite of it).

Arvamudan mARan maRaip poruLai Ayndhu uraiththadhu – Qualifying for the prabandham of one having ‘ArAdha kAdhal’ (never-satiating love), with love as said in ‘Arvam peruga [thiruvAimozhi 3.5.8]’ (overflowing love), and thinking through the meanings of thamizh vEdham thiruvAimozhi that is ‘mARan paNiththa thamizh maRai [upadhESa raththina mAlai – 9]’ (thamizh vEdham divined by nammAzhvAr), and to match its greatness what is the length/number of the vyAkyAnam done by him?

When asked so, He (maNavALa mAmunigaL) says,

EronbadhinAyiram – (beautiful nine thousand) Qualifying for the beautiful thamizh maRai (thiruvAimozhi). This (vyAkyAnam) having full of beauty is – due to smartness in connection of words, and dignity of meanings, it is being full of beauty.

He being ‘vEdhAnthi nanjeeyar’, he divined this matching the count (9,000) of SrIbAshyam which is vEdhAntha SAsthram.

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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