upadhESa raththina mAlai – 44

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pAsuram 44

theLLiyadhA nampiLLai cheppu neRi thannai
vaLLal vadakkuth thiruveedhip – piLLai indha
nAdu aRiya mARan maRaip poruLai nangu uraiththadhu
eedu muppaththARayiram.                                                                     44

pAsuram 44

Word by word meaning

theLLiyadhu A – With clarity
(what) nampiLLai
cheppum – divined about
neRi thannai – the ways (meanings),
vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai
vaLLal – having audhAryam (generosity),
indha nAdu – (for) those in this world
aRiya – to know,
uraiththadhu – divined
nangu – well
mARan maRaip poruLai – the meaning of thiruvAimozhi of nammAzhvAr,
muppaththARayiram – which is muppaththARAyirappadi (36,000)
eedu – called eedu.


He (maNavALa mAmunigaL) divines that, after that, vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai divined as vyAkyAnam for (nam)piLLai’s explanation of dhivya sUkthi (thiruvAimozhi – divine words), and it is ‘eedu muppaththARayiram’.

theLLiyadhA nampiLLai cheppu neRi thannai – Being clear, deep/profound, and having the expertise in discerning what is required and what is not, such nampiLLai’s way of dhivya sUkthis,

cheppu neRi thannai – by this it implies that except the way in which he (nampiLLai) divined, he (vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai) does not know of any other ways.

As said in ‘gurupramANI kruthachiththavruththaya:’ (Direct the activities of the mind keeping guru as pramANam (reference)), is how he is following his AchAryan, isn’t it?

vaLLal vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai – Not for just those living during the same time, but for even those in later generations also to know and reach true goal, he wrote the eedu – vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai having such generosity.

vadakkuthiruveedhipillaivadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai

indha nAdu aRiya – Like said in ‘nAdu nagaramum nangu aRiya [thiruppallANdu – 4]’ (for the villages and cities to know), including those having knowledge and not having knowledge, for every on in the country to know, and get involved.

mARan maRaip poruLai – meaning of thiruvAimozhi which is AzhvAr’s, and which is in the form of vEdham. It is as said in ‘mARan senthamizh vEdhaththin sezhum poruLai [sampradhAya chandhriakai – 11]’ (~ beautiful meaning of nammazhvAr’s beautiful thamizh vEdham).

nAdaRiya nanguraiththadhu – Like he (nammAzhvAr) divined thiruvAimozhi for making ‘Urum nAdum ulagamum thammaip pOl [thiruvAimozhi 6.7.2] (~ the village, country and world like him), he (vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai) also divined eedu very well for the world to know.

eedu muppaththARayiramIt is an additional twelve thousand compared to periyavAchchAn piLLai’s vyAkyAnam, is what he has divined.

eedu – meaning. He divined the meanings, and to get involved in it.

In the grantham of anthimOpAya nishtai it is divined ‘idhu thAn sruthaprakASikaiyil’ [Srutha prakASikai is a detailed commentary for emperumAnAr‘s SrIbhAshyam]. That is, eedu vyAkyAnam’s count matches SruthaprakASikai’s count.

As said in ‘gurubhyO(a)rhdha: sruthassapdhaisthath prayukthaichcha yOjitha: [SrIbhAshya sruthaprakASikA thaniyan] (Heard from Acharyas, and the words used by them are included – such..), here too vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai has included the words heard (from nampiLLai), and authored the vyAkyAnam, isn’t it? nampiLLai’s ways of explanation is the one that vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai has divined in vyAkyAnam.

In a later pAsuram as he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is going to say ‘ezhuthErAr thamizh vEdhaththu eedu thanai [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 48]’, vadakkuth thiruveedhip piLLai has the involvement of documenting it only (as the original author is nampiLLai who lectured this).

Even though this vyAkyAnam was compiled before sruthaprakASikai, it is okay for the count of this to be referenced with that grantham (since there is a match in the count).

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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