SrIvishNu sahasranAmam – 79 (Names 781 to 790)

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781) dhurjaya: (दुर्जयः)

bhagavAn cannot be controlled by either the dhEvas or the human beings or any other life forms. As the scriptures hail, he is the one who is not seen by everyone. What more, then, needs to be said about being searched or sought by the individual souls?

Thus, he is called ‘dhurjaya:’ – the invincible one.

Etymology: He, who can neither be sought nor controlled by the mere mortals such as the demigods, human beings, et al, is called ‘dhurjaya:’.

 शक्त्या दॆवमनुष्याद्यैः वशीकर्तुं न शक्यतॆ |
अन्वॆष्टुं वाsपि यः सः स्यात् दुर्जयः सप्तवर्णकः ||

782) dhurathikrama: (दुरतिक्रमः)

With the next divine name ‘dhurathikrama:’, it is shown that no soul can transgress bhagavAn’s lotus feet. Indeed, there is no other means to attain him (by burning all sins) other than surrendering at his lotus feet. Thus, he is called ‘dhurathikrama:’.

The scriptures popularly say thus:

  • “Only when people become capable enough to bind themselves with the open sky itself as their skin do they become eligible of crossing the sorrowful samsAra without even knowing about bhagavAn” (meaning, it is impossible to end the sorrows without taking refuge in his feet)
  • “Who can ever attain mOkSha without worshipping that supreme lord vAsudhEva?”
  • “There is indeed no means of attaining mOksha other than to worship vishNu. This is how the vEdhas sing his glories at all times”, etc.

Etymology: bhagavAn is called ‘dhurathikrama:’, since there is no means to destroy all sins (and thereby attain him) other than his own lotus feet.

अतिक्रम्य स्वपादाब्जं सर्वॆषां प्रापकान्तरम् |
नास्तीति सर्वपापघ्नः स स्मृतॊ दुरतिक्रमः ||

783) dhurlabha: (दुर्लभः)

Furthermore, bhagavAn cannot be attained by those who have not controlled their senses. The scriptures have spoken thus in this regard:

  • “When a person is focussed on material benefits, then attaining janArdhana is indeed out of his reach”
  • “Oh king! The supreme lord kESava is highly inaccessible to those people who have not won over their senses”, etc.

Etymology: He who is inaccessible to those who have not controlled their senses is called ‘dhurlabha:’.

अजितॆन्द्रियदुष्प्रापॊ दुर्लभः स च कथ्यतॆ |

784) dhurgama: (दुर्गमः)

Just as people who have a weak vision cannot see the shining sun at noon, so also people with weak minds can never know bhagavAn due to his unfathomable effulgence. Thus, he is called ‘dhurgama:’.

Etymology: Just as the sight of afternoon sun is intolerable to people who have a weak vision, so also bhagavAn is out of reach for people with weak minds due to his unassailable effulgence, which is why he is called ‘dhurgama:’.

नॆत्रदुर्बलवृत्तीनां मध्याह्नद्युमणॆर्यथा |
दुष्प्रापाधृष्यतॆजस्त्वात् दुर्गमः परिकीर्तितः ||

785) dhurga: (दुर्गः)

bhagavAn stands hidden from the view of such sinful souls (with a weak mind as stated in the previous divine name) by virtue of their own sinful actions which separate them from bhagavAn like a fortress. Thus, he is called ‘dhurga:’ – the hidden one.

The root ‘gam’ (गम्) gets the ‘dhur’ (दुर्) and ‘da:’ (डः) as its prefix and suffix respectively by grammatical rules, resulting in this divine name.

Etymology: bhagavAn is called ‘dhurga:’ since he is absolutely inaccessible to the sinful souls (by virtue of their own sinful actions which hide bhagavAn like a thick fort).

दुष्प्रवॆशतया दुर्गः पापिभिः सर्वथैव सः |

786) dhurAvAsa: (दुरावासः)

Since bhagavAn is thus well hidden behind a fort of ignorance, he is called ‘dhurAvAsa:’ – the one whose abode is highly inaccessible.

Etymology: Since bhagavAn’s supreme abode is inaccessible to the ignorant souls, he is called ‘dhurAvAsa:’.

दुष्करावासभूमित्वात् दुरावास इतीरितः |

787) dhurArihA (दुरारिहा)

bhagavAn exploited his inaccessibility due to ignorance (spoken till the previous divine name) in order to destroy the sinful souls by incarnating as budhdha. Thus, the ensuing divine names expound the ‘budhdha’ avathAra of bhagavAn. The first in the series is ‘dhurArihA’.

The sinful souls treading the evil paths are called ‘dhurAri’s (दुरारिणः). bhagavAn hatches umpteen plots such as convincing them to give up the path of vEdhas completely and the like in order to destroy them altogether. Thus, he is called ‘dhurArihA’.

This is hailed in the vishNu purANa thus:

“Using the veil of ignorance, bhagavAn devised many ways of turning the asuras away from the vEdhas. As a result, those ignorant asuras failed to develop a taste for the vaidhika path. Therefore the asuras – who were obstacles in the righteous path of virtuous souls – were destroyed by bhagavAn”

Etymology: The ignorant souls treading the evil path are called ‘dhurAri’s. He who destroys such ignorant souls by various means such as disengaging them from the vEdhic path and the like is called ‘dhurArihA’.

दुरारिणस्तु दुर्मार्गगामिनस्तान् निहन्ति यः |
त्रयीमार्गत्याजनादैः स स्यान्नित्यं दुरारिहा ||

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शुभाङ्गॊ लॊकसारङ्गः सुतन्तुस्तन्तुवर्धनः ।
इन्द्रकर्मा महाकर्मा कृतकर्मा कृतागमः ॥ ८४ ॥
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788) SubhAnga: (शुभाङ्गः)

How does bhagavAn enter the enemy camp with ease? It is because he is ‘SubhAnga:’ – the one with a bewitching form.

bhagavAn manifests with such a deceitful – yet beautiful form that the asuras fall for his beauty and take him to be the most knowledgeable preceptor for them.

Etymology: He, who is considered as the most knowledgeable (authentic preceptor) by the asuras et al due to his mere deceitful yet bewitching divine form, is called ‘SubhAnga:’.

मायामॊहनवॆषॆण विप्रलभ्यासुरानपि
स्थितः प्रत्ययितस्तॆषां शुभाङ्ग इति विश्रुतः

789) lOkasAranga: (लॊकसारङ्गः)

How does bhagavAn deceive the asuras as budhdha? This is said in this divine name ‘lOkasAranga:’. bhagavAn leads the asuras via the path of mean pursuits which are unopposed to logic, and considered as the very essence of materialism. Thus, he is called ‘lOkasAranga:’. The word ‘sAram’ सारम् (essence) is added to the root ‘gam’ गम् (to go), which further gets the ‘khach’ (खच्) adjunct and the ‘didhvath’ (डिद्वत्) bhAva, thus evolving into the word ‘sAranga:’. Thus is derived the divine name.

The vishNu purANa quotes bhagavAn himself as having said thus: “If you desire to go to mOksha, do as I say”

Etymology: bhagavAn always leads the evil minded souls (asuras) on the path of extreme materialism, which is unopposed to pure logic though, thus being called as ‘lOkasAranga:’.

न्यायानपॆतं यत्सारं भॊगनिर्वाणवर्त्म सः |
तद्गच्छति सदा लॊकॆ लॊकसारङ्ग ईरितः ||

790) suthanthu: (सुतन्तुः)

bhagavAn’s words in his budhdhAvathAra were very sweet, and couldn’t be overruled by the asuras. bhagavAn had thus knit a close web with his nectarine words. He also showed a superficially peaceful form to them in order to trap them.

Thus, bhagavAn is called ‘suthanthu:’.

Etymology: The deceit of bhagavAn with his artificially peaceful forms is shown by the word ‘thanthu:’. Since bhagavAn made such forms very attractive only in order to attract the asuras towards his trap, he is called ‘suthanthu:’. This seven syllable manthra removes all blemishes of the chanter.

तन्तुः कृत्रिमशान्त्यादिरूपस्तद्ग्रहणाय वै |
शॊभनॊsस्य सुतन्तुः स सप्तार्णॊ दॊषनाशकः ||

adiyen srinivasa raja ramanuja dasan

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