Arththi prabandham – 45

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In the previous pAsuram, mAmunigaL talked about the omnipresent SrIman nArAyaNan in “mAkAntha nAraNaNAr vaigum vagai”. In this pAsuram he feels that he himself was the lowest of the lowest “mOhAnthakas” as described in the earlier pAsuram, i.e., he deems himself to be lowest person of the group of people who see only darkness and solitude for they are not able to realize SrIman nArAyaNan. He feels that he failed to understand the omnipresent SrIman nArAyaNan and the relationship that he shares with HIM forever. He failed to realize this and became one among the mOhAnthakas. However, in spite of all these, mAmunigaL reminds to his heart, that it is purely due to the association of AchAryan, that he was uplifted for the better. This forms the crux of this pAsuram.

pAsuram 45

nArAyaNan thirumAl nAram nAm ennum muRai
ArAyil nenjE anAdhi anRO – sIrArum
AchAriyanAlE anRO nAm uyndhadhu enRu
kUsAmal eppozhudhum kURu

Word-by-Word Meanings

nenjE – Oh my heart!!!
nArAyaNan thirumAl – As described in the phrase “thirumAlE nAnum unakku pazhavadiyEn”, Sriya:pathi SrIman nArAyaNan is the owner and master of all souls that are collectively referred as “nAram”.
nAram nAm – We are the souls that are eternal.
ArAyil – If it is to be proved
ennum muRai – that eternal relationship (between soul and SrIman nArAyaNan)
anAdhi anRO – Is it something that started from yesterday? No. Is it not true that it is eternal (forever)? (Yes it is in fact true.)
(hey my heart!!!)
sIrArum – The person who showed and reinforced that relationship (to us), the very same person who is full of auspicious qualities like knowledge and the like
AchAriyanAlE anRO – is the AchAryan. Is it not because of him, the AchAryan?
nAm uyndhadhu enRu – The reason we got liberated is indeed because of him.
(hey my heart)
kURu – Please keep telling about it
eppozhudhum – at all times
kUsAmal – without any shame.

Simple Translation

In this pAsuram, mAmunigal talks about the greatness of AchAryan who was the person who restated and reinforced the relationship between the soul and SrIman nArAyaNan. He says that the time before this reinforcement happened, he was akin to a non living thing that is not able to realize anything. Hence mAmunigaL urges his heart to state the fact that it is purely because of AchAryan’s grace that he is being uplifted and nothing else.


mAmunigaL says “hey! my dear heart!!! periyAzhvAr had mentioned “thirumAlE nAnum unakku pazhavadiyEn (thirupallAndu 11)”. He is the Sriya:pathi, the divine consort of SrI, SrIman nArAyaNan. We (souls) are known as “nAram”. The relationship between the soul and SrIman nArAyaNan is eternal and forever. If it has to be researched about the existence of this relationship, we would find that this relationship is not something that was created yesterday or some time ago. It was not created for it was always there and eternal. However, we (mAmunigaL and his heart) did not realize this and was oblivious of this relationship and failed to take any quantum of cognizance about it. We were very much akin to non sentient being that does not have the ability to realize this relationship. But everything changed when our AchAryan made us understand this relationship and reinforced its significance. AchAryan is someone who is full of knowledge and replete with auspicious qualities. We were uplifted only because of our AchAryan. As they say “perumaiyum nANum thavirndhu pidhaRRumin (thiruvAimozhi 3.5.10)”, please speak about this fact. Speak about it openly so that everyone knows about it”. This point is described in “iRaiyum uyirum” pasuram in pramEya sAram 10.

adiyEn santhAnam ramanuja dasan

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