thiruvAimozhi – 2.6 – vaikundhA

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sriperumbuthur_perumAL_AzhwAr_after_thiruvadi_thozhalAdhi kESavap perumAL with ubhaya nAchchiyArs and nammAzhwArSrIperumbUthUr (During adhyayana uthsavam completion – after thiruvadi thozhal)

Highlights from thirukkurugaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

vaikundhA – AzhwAr speaks about the joy emperumAn acquired after uniting with him.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the sixth decad – SrIvaikuNtanAthan (lord of paramapadham) became fulfilled and delighted after uniting with AzhwAr (which was explained in previous decad) and thought “What can I give to AzhwAr? What can I do for him?” and starts doubting “Hope he does not leave me”. AzhwAr seeing these qualities of emperumAn such as pArathanthriyam (total dependence on AzhwAr), vAthsalyam (motherly affection towards AzhwAr), becomes greatly astonished, informs him that he will never leave him and pacifies him.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

In the sixth decad – sarvESvaran becoming greatly delighted after uniting with AzhwAr, thinks “what if AzhwAr leaves me thinking himself as unworthy?” and manifests his viSlEsha bhIruthvam (unable to bear separation from him) in AzhwAr’s heart; AzhwAr becomes astonished thinking “How attached emperumAn is towards me!” and with great delight explains the following aspects to remove emperumAn’s doubts:

  • how he held on to emperumAn firmly
  • how emperumAn bonded with him in a single-minded manner
  • emperumAn‘s magnanimity of letting AzhwAr experience him
  • how AzhwAr would not let emperumAn go due to such magnanimity of emperumAn
  • how AzhwAr is not qualified to leave emperumAn due to the great joy derived from uniting with emperumAn
  • how he became fulfilled (complete) by experiencing emperumAn
  • how this result (experiencing/serving emperumAn) did not stop with him and was passed on to all those who are related to him
  • that he is desiring not to be separated from such divine experience
  • how emperumAn who worked for this result himself, will not break it
  • even if emperumAn tries to break it, how he will not let that experience go

By mercifully explaining this, AzhwAr eliminated all the doubts of emperumAn.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nampiLLai‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction

In “andhAmaththanbu decad, emperumAn‘s union with AzhwAr after the suffering in “AdiyAdi” decad is explained; in this thiruvAimozhi (decad), it is explained that the joy derived in that union is for bhagavAn. ALavandhAr mercifully explains that this is AzhwAr‘s contemplation of emperumAn’s love towards him. In “Unil vAzh uyir“, it is explained that – AzhwAr experienced bhagavAn and thought that it cannot be stopped with bhagavAn and extended his affection towards bhagavAn’s devotees as said in thiruvAimozhi 2.3.10adiyArgaL kuzhAngaLai udan kUduvadhu enRu kolO” (when will I unite with the nithyasUris agreeing with their principles); in this decad, it is explained that – after sarvESvaran showing his affection towards AzhwAr, not stopping there, he extends that same affection towards those who are related to AzhwAr and so on; in both sides, when the affection increases, it would extend to those who are related as well; AzhwAr himself subsequently says in thiruvAimozhi 2.6.7 “emar kIzh mEl ezhu piRappum vidiyA vennarakaththenRum sErdhal mARinar” (seven generations currently, downward, upward will not have to be born in this deep hell where there is no hope).

bhagavAn descended without diminishing any of his qualities such as being the lord of both nithya vibhUthi (spiritual realm) and leelA vibhUthi (material realm), being the abode of all auspicious qualities, being fulfilled in all manners, and united with AzhwAr; not only that, he considered such union as a blessing for him and felt greatly delighted; he then doubted “I have now united with AzhwAr for whom I have searched since time immemorial. What if he leaves me?” Seeing this bewilderment, AzhwAr pacifies him saying “you don’t have to worry like this” and makes him feel like existing.

These emotions of emperumAn are explained using a similar passage from SrI rAmAyaNam ayOdhyA kANdam 94.18 “vaidhEhi! ramasE kaSchith chithrakUtE mayA saha” (Oh sIthA, the princess of vidhEha kingdom! Are you enjoying with me in this chithrakUta mountain?) – SrI rAma, looking at the beauty of the mountain and their togetherness, started doubting if such great experience will last for long. Similarly, emperumAn started doubting the longevity of such great union with AzhwAr too.

Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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