SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Highlights from thirukkurugaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
In the third decad – After enjoying unlimited bliss of uniting with bhagavAn which cannot be attained by the self-effort of even the most capable and which he got by the unconditional grace of bhagavAn, since he cannot enjoy such blissful experience alone, to enjoy the same in the company of the residents of paramapadham who are most qualified to enjoy emperumAn he asks “When am I going to reach them?”and completes the decad.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
- emperumAn being the giver of all tastes
- his gratitude towards emperumAn who is tasteful
- emperumAn‘s affection towards AzhwAr himself
- his not having any ability to return such favour
- accepting him by manifesting divine bliss
- since this union is fitting the true nature (of AthmA), such union being eternal
- unable to bear oneself in separation due to the great bliss
- his acquiring such bliss
- the joy which arose in him due to the variegated experiences with emperumAn
- his desire to enjoy such experience with the residents of paramapadham who are eternally enjoying such bliss
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction
In this decad, AzhwAr explains the union of emperumAn with him, which he greatly craved for in “vAyum thiraiyugaL (thiruvAimozhi 2.1)“. In between that and this padhigam (decad), emperumAn‘s supremacy was discussed. He saw the greatness of the result he got; only if it was acquired based on his own effort, it will be limited; since it came by the grace of sarvESvaran, it was huge. All different tastes/flavours are present in his experience and there is no equal/greater experience to it.
AzhwAr contemplated who would accompany him in such great experience and found that there was none in this samsAram (material realm). He realizes that those nithyasUris (eternally free) and mukthAthmAs (liberated ones) – both of them residing in paramapadham, who are at par with emperumAn in being prApyam (the result to be accomplished), who constantly enjoy emperumAn and who are leaders in such matters of experiencing emperumAn are the fit company for him and craves to be in their company as said in bhagavath gIthA 10.9 “bOdhayantha: parasparam” (having mutually relishable conversations) in the end.
In “vAyum thiraiyugaL (thiruvAimozhi 2.1)“, while in separation, he took the company of ignorant animals/birds and insentient entities. Here while being overwhelmed with joy of communion with emperumAn, he seeks out the company of the most intelligent nithyasUris.
As explained in SrI rAmAyaNam bAla kANdam 77.26 “rAmasthu sIthayA sArdham…” (The best minded rAma with sIthA, being fully engaged in her, living in her heart always, spent many seasons enjoying with her), SrI rAma and sIthA were enjoying marital bliss for a long time. Before, he was glorified as “being an obedient son, the propagator of righteous principles, worshipped the dhEvathAs etc”. Such perumAL is now behaving like an expert in vAthsyAyana’s kAma SAsthram. The full SlOkam is further elaborated beautifully by nampiLLai to give us the context of AzhwAr‘s emotions towards emperumAn. sIthayA sArdham – Like a lavish prince, he took initiative and enjoyed sIthA who descended from paramapadham with all the freshness/youth; vijahAra – while enjoying like this, he did not apply any restraint in the bliss; bahUn ruthUn – Enjoyed with the appropriate objects matching each season (spring, summer etc); manasvI – He understood sIthA’s heart and fulfilled all her desires; thadhgatha: – just like jAthi (species) and guNam (qualities) are inseparable from an object, SrI rAma mixed with sIthA – like water blending with water; thasyA nithyam hrudhi samarpitha: – Since sIthA fully knows SrI rAma‘s greatness, she too become engrossed in SrI rAma thinking “such great bhagavAn is playing this out; how amazing!” and became very much more attached to him and constantly craved for him. It is this same experience AzhwAr had with emperumAn in this decad.
Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.
- pAsuram 1
- pAsuram 2
- pAsuram 3
- pAsuram 4
- pAsuram 5
- pAsuram 6
- pAsuram 7
- pAsuram 8
- pAsuram 9
- pAsuram 10
- pAsuram 11
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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