SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
See nampiLLai’s introduction.
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
In the tenth decad, previously AzhwAr explained the perfect enjoyability of servitude towards bhagavAn and revealed the servitude towards bhAgavathas in “thoNdar thoNdar thoNdar thoNdan satakOpan” which came up as a result of overwhelming servitude towards bhagavAn and highlighted the following aspects relating to ISvara:
- his great love which is the root for relationship with such bhAgavathas which is the cause for such enjoyability
- his having magnanimous forms
- his union with everyone
- his helping nature during times of danger
- his amazing nature
- his elimination of the enemies of the devotees
- his being the cause of everything
- his reclining in the ocean
- his having weapons in full for elimination of enemies of the devotees
- his having enjoyable forms
Meditating upon these, AzhwAr highlights that ultimate servitude towards bhAgavathas who are dear to such bhagavAn is most enjoyable and highlights that other benefits such as worldly pleasures, self enjoyment and attaining bhagavAn are no match; AzhwAr completes the decad by highlighting emperumAn’s elimination of hurdles without a trace in emphasising such servitude to bhAgavathas as the ultimate result.
In thiruvAimozhi 3.7 “payilum sudaroLi“, which was focussed on thadhIya SEshathvam (servitude towards bhAgavathas), AzhwAr highlighted that bhAgavathas too have qualities of SEshithva (being the lord), SaraNyathva (being the refuge) and prApyathva (being the goal), due to their relationship with bhagavAn; this was highlighted by AzhwAr in that decad by explaining about SEshithva in the first four pAsurams, SaraNyathva in the next three pAsurams and prApyathvam in thiruvAimozhi 3.7.8 “em thozhu kulam thAngaL” (they are our worshippable clan); AzhwAr elaborates the same here.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction
In the previous two decads, AthmA’s ananyArha SEshathvam (exclusive servitude), that is “AthmA neither exists for self nor for others [but only for emperumAn]” was explained. The meanings of praNavam’s middle portion and nama: were explained. The ultimate stage of ananyArha SEshathvam is to be engaged in thadhIya SEshathvam. Would servitude towards bhagavAn not be sustained, only when one becomes fully dependent on bhAgavathas to let them even trade the individual? One should remain as said in periyAzhwAr thirumozhi 4.4.10 “endhammai viRkavum peRuvargaLE” (they can even sell me). When ammuNi AzhwAn returned from pOsaLa rAjyam, parASara bhattar mercifully saw him and said “We heard that you greatly served the SrIvaishNavas there; to match your nature hear the meanings of nedumARkadimai decad from me” and mercifully explained the same to him.
AzhwAr says – When one knows “I am subservient to ISvara” one may get bewildered and slip again; but having realised up to servitude towards his devotees, one will not slip. It is said in “thadhbhakthi nigna manasAm kraya vikrayArha:” (One should be fully subservient to devotees of bhagavAn even to be traded by them); some consider aiSvaryam (worldly pleasures) as purushArtham (goal); some consider AthmAlAbham (self enjoyment) as purushArtham; some consider bhagavath SEshathvam (servitude to bhagavAn) as purushArtham; some consider being ISvara himself who is said to be “Anandhamaya:” (filled with bliss) as purushArtham. These goals, both individually and collectively are no match to bhAgavatha SEshathvam (servitude towards bhAgavathas) which I have pursued here as the goal [here, the first person reference is to AzhwAr]; they cannot be even compared to my goal here, and hence for me and for those who are related to me, this bhAgavath SEshathvam should occur forever.
What is the difference between this decad and payilum sudaroLi 1 decad? There, it was said that bhAgavathas are the lords; here it is said that bhAgavathas are enjoyable. Only for SrI SathrugnAzhwAn who is praised in SrI rAmAyaNam ayOdhyA kANdam 1.1 “gachchathA mAthulakulam bharathEna” (one who is going along with bharatha to his maternal uncle’s place, just as a sword will be taken along by the owner when he leaves a place) and for this AzhwAr, there is attachment towards this principle. There it is said that SrI SathrugnAzhwAn will not look at SrI rAma considering him to be enjoyable as said in “nithyaSathrugna:” (eternal enemy).
Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.
- pAsuram 1
- pAsuram 2
- pAsuram 3
- pAsuram 4
- pAsuram 5
- pAsuram 6
- pAsuram 7
- pAsuram 8
- pAsuram 9
- pAsuram 10
- pAsuram 11
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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