SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
Subsequently, AzhwAr says “If I call you out highlighting your magnanimity of making me exist fully for you and enjoy you, you have not arrived to be seen by me and have not presented yourself to me”.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Second pAsuram. AzhwAr highlighting emperumAn‘s previous favours, says “Is it reasonable for you who favoured me and revealed your nature to me, to not arrive in front of me when I call out for you now?”.
koLLa mALA inba veLLam kOdhila thandhidum en
vaLLalEyO! vaiyam koNda vAmanAvO! enRenRu
naLLirAvum nanpagalum nAnirundhOlamittAl
kaLLa mAyA! unnai en kaN kANa vandhIyAyE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
vaiyam – bhUmi (which was considered to be owned by some one else)
koNda – who measured it with intent (to have it exist for him)
vAmanAvO – Oh vAmana!
(letting me enjoy such magnanimity)
koLLa – enjoying repeatedly
mALA – unable to see the limit
inba veLLam – ocean of bliss
kOdhu ila – not having faults (of having satisfaction while enjoying and seeking out other enjoyment)
thandhidum – truly bestowing
en vaLLalEyO – Oh my great benefactor!
enRu enRu – saying with dejection
naL irAvum – in the middle of the night
nanpagalum – daytime when objects are clearly visible
nAn – I (who cannot live without you)
irundhu – being present (without engagement in any other aspect)
OlamittAl – if I call out
kaLLam mAyA – Oh amazing person who is present in the heart (being invisible like a cheat)!
unnai – you (without seeing whom, I cannot sustain myself)
en kaN kANa – to be seen by my eyes (which desired to see you)
vandhu IyAy – have not arrived and given yourself.
Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
Oh vAmana who measured bhUmi with intent! Oh my great benefactor who is truly bestowing the limitless ocean of bliss which is without any faults, for my enjoyment! Saying these with dejection in the middle of the night and in the daytime when objects are clearly visible, if I call out “Oh amazing person who is present in the heart!”, you have not arrived to be seen by my eyes and given yourself. AzhwAr implies “come and give yourself to me”. The “O” in the words “vaLLalEyO!” and “vAmanAvO!” indicates the sorrow of AzhwAr.
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- koLLa mALA inba veLLam – Ocean of bliss which never saturates even after enjoying repeatedly. [Did emperumAn give bliss to AzhwAr?] He is explaining what was explained in thiruvAimozhi 4.5.3 “vIvil inbam miga ellai nigazhndhanan” (being in the ultimate state of continuous bliss).
- kOdhila thandhidum – Fault in the bliss is – leading one to be satisfied after enjoying once, causing one to desire for other matters; this bliss is unlike that; it increases the desire for enjoying repeatedly and also causes detachment towards other enjoyments; thus, bestowing faultless and limitless ocean of bliss.
- en vaLLalEyO – While bestowing you gave it as if it is for your benefit, but now you have made it appear that it is for my benefit and are you waiting for me to call out for you? vaLLal (magnanimous person) means favouring others as if it is a benefit for oneself. The nature of him who bestowed himself is explained in “Anandhamaya:” (embodiment of bliss), “AnandhObrahma:” (brahmam is bliss). If you were planning to make me call out [with agony] like this, why did you give such enjoyment in thiruvAimozhi 4.5 “vIRRirundhEzhulagu“? It appears that emperumAn gave some joy for the little AthmA – AzhwAr referred to himself as “siRiyan” in previous pAsuram.
- vaiyam koNda vAmanAvO – Are you not of the nature that you will [even] beg for those who beg to you? To eliminate the tears of indhra who fell at his feet saying “I lost all my three worlds”, he who is Sriya:pathi (lord of SrI mahAlakshmi) himself took up the form of a seeker; alas! instead of you eagerly bestowing yourself to me, you are making me call out for you!
- enRu enRu – AzhwAr is not like indhra who left after getting his kingdom back; nor is he like mahAbali who manifested audhAryam (generosity) [towards emperumAn himself]; instead he keeps repeating this [vAmana avathAram] only. Even after measuring and accepting the worlds [as thrivikrama], AzhwAr’s divine heart was still engrossed in the [previous state of] vAmana form only.
- naLLirAvum nanpagalum – naL indicates middle and abundance/darkness; it also indicates the unique sound in the night when all other sounds subdue. By all of these, it indicates the middle of the night. As said in katavalli upanishath 2.5 “ya Eshu supthEshu” (one who is awake [and protecting] when everyone is fast asleep), you are making me aware and call out for you, while you are the one who is awake and caring for everyone!
- nanpagal – AzhwAr is saying “good day” since his contact/relationship with bhagavAn is unchanging whether it is thiruvAimozhi 4.6 “thIrppAraiyAmini” or thiruvAimozhi 4.5 “vIRRirundhEzhulagu“. [Only] when other matters are experienced, when emperumAn is not seen, the mind/heart will think about the other matters. Alternatively, “nanpagal” is like chevvAykkizhamai (Tuesday) [which is usually considered to be inauspicious] being called “mangaLavAram” (auspicious day) [This is called viparItha lakshaNA – contrary identification], since he was not seen, this time is considered as empty/useless time.
- nAn irundhu – Me who is very weak and not having ability to call you.
- nAn irundhu – Me who enjoyed ultimate bliss previously.
- OlamittAl – if I call out.
- kaLLa mAyA – Oh amazing lord who is invisible to the eyes, but unforgettable in the heart!
- unnai – Distinguished you without whom I cannot sustain myself; because you have a beautiful form.
- en kaN kANa – to be seen by my eyes which desire to see you.
- vandhu IyAyE – You have to come and walk in front of me for me to witness that beautiful walk and sustain myself. As said [by SrI rAma] in SrI rAmAyaNam sundhara kANdam 66.10 “najIvEyam …” (I cannot sustain in your separation even for a moment) and SrI rAmAyaNam AraNya kANdam 10.9 “… hrIrEshAhi …” (I am ashamed to have made you wait [to the sages]), when he appears, he makes other think “there is nothing wrong with him” [even if he comes late]. You should come and present yourself to us.
- kaN kANa vandhu IyAy – Just the experience in mind is not sufficient; you have to physically appear in front of me. It can also be read as “IgiRilai” which means “you are not appearing in front of me” and this goes along well with “seyvinaiyO peridhAl” (my sins are huge). Another explanation – Please come and give.
In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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