periya thirumozhi – 2.10.5 – kaRai vaLar

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Tenth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.


kaRai vaLar vEl karan mudhalAk kavandhan vAli
kaNai onRinAl madiya ilangai thannuL
piRai eyiRRu vAL arakkar sEnai ellAm
perundhagaiyOdu udan thuNiththa pemmAn thannai
maRai vaLarap pugazh vaLara mAdandhORum
maNdabam oNthoLi anaiththum vAram Odha
siRai aNaindha pozhil aNaindha thenRal vIsum
thirukkOvalUr adhanuL kaNdEn nAnE

Word-by-Word meanings

kaRai vaLar – heavily stained
vEl – one who has spear
karan mudhalA – karan et al
kavandhan vAli – those who are known as kabandhan, vAli et al
kaNai onRinAl – with an arrow
madiya – to die
ilangai thannuL – in lankA
piRai – bent like a crescent
eyiRu – having teeth
vAL – having sword as weapon
arakkar sEnai ellAm – all of the armies of rAkshasas
perum thagaiyOdu udan – along with rAvaNa who was their leader
thuNiththa – severed and pushed down
pemmAn thannai – sarvESvaran
mAdam thORum – in all the houses
maRai – vEdha gOsham
vaLara – rising greatly
pugazh – fame
vaLara – to increase
maNdapam – in the halls
oNdu – close to the town
oLi anaiththum – in the choultries
vAram Odha – to repeat what was learnt previously
siRai – water moat
aNaindha – in the gardens
pozhil – in garden
aNaindha – rested on
thenRal – southerly breeze
vIsum – emitting fragrance
thirukkOvalUr adhanuL – in thirukkOvalUr
nAn kaNdEn – I got to see.

Simple translation

sarvESvaran killed with one arrow karan et al who carry heavily stained spear and those who are known as kabandhan, vAli et al; he severed and pushed down the heads of rAkshasa army in lankA who were having crescent like bent teeth and sword as their weapon, along with their leader rAvaNa who is the leader of all armies; I got to see such emperumAn in thirukkOvalUr where every home chants vEdha gOsham increasingly, the fame increases and repeatedly recite vEdham tumultuously; as the vEdham is repeatedly recited in halls and choultries, the southerly breeze which is rested on the garden along the water moat is emitting fragrance.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

kaRai … – Due to eagerness in harming others, always destroying enemies, there is no time to wash the blood stains, and because of that there is a lot of stains in the spear. These persons such as karan, kabandhan, vAli et al who are having such spear. While karan, virAdhan et al appear, they will have lions, tigers etc hanging on the spears.

kaNai onRinAl madiya – He finished them with an arrow which he could get hold of. This is how the leaders who were guarding, were killed.

ilangai … – All the rAkshasas in lankA who were having crescent like teeth and weapons.

perum thagai … – perum thagai means periyOn (leader); controller – king. rAvaNa being their king, their refuge and the one who is the shade to those evil persons who will take shelter of him, was eliminated along with them, by the lord; it is the owner who will take out the weeds.

Just as in SrI dhaNdakAraNyam where recital of vEdham continued without a break after the killing of rAvaNa, the same thing happened in thirukkOvalUr.

mAdam thORum – As the sound of vEdham recital keeps increasing in houses, the fame increases. This is how the houses are.

maNdabangaL … – Halls; oNthoLi – beautiful thOLi. thOLi is shrunk as thoLi; implies prathOL (four way junctions). In halls, four way junctions, they will sit around and recite vEdhams.

siRai … – Well protected. Only air and emperumAn who is quicker than air can enter. The southerly breeze which has entered and is resting on the garden which is along the moat for the town, picks up water drops and the fragrance from the garden, and gently serves those who are reciting vEdham to eliminate their fatigue. oLi – ozhungai. Located close to the moat.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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