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thiruviruththam forms the fifth prabandham (divine composition) in the third thousand “iyaRpA” among the four thousand pAsurams of nAlAyira dhivya prabandham (divine compositions). This was composed by nammAzhwAr who was blessed by emperumAn with divine knowledge and devotion without any fault. This is the first prabandham of the four prabandhams composed by swAmy nammAzhwAr. It is the essence of rig vEdham (first among the four vEdhams, sacred texts, namely rig, yajur, sAma and atharvaNa). This is composed of one hundred pAsurams. periyavAchchAn piLLai has written the commentary for this divine composition. There have been others too who have written commentaries for this prabandham, including nampiLLai who had mercifully written Idu, special meanings mercifully given by azhagiya maNavALa jIyar, commentary written by parakAla jIyar. appiLLai (a disciple of maNavALa mAmunigaL) too has written explanatory notes for this prabandham. It is said that pUrvAchAryars (early preceptors) such as bhattar, had written commentary for this prabandham, but these are not available now.

We will explore the meanings of this prabandham with the commentary of periya vAchchAn piLLai.

In the next article, we will go through the thaniyan for this prabandham.

adiyen krishNa ramanuja dasan

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