thiruvAimozhi – 10.3.9 – ugakku nallavarodum

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Full series >> Tenth Centum >> Third decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the ninth pAsuram, emperumAn mercifully asks “Would it be palatable to you if I interact with some others, in your presence?” parAnguSa nAyaki says “It is more pleasing for us if you unite with others and have your sorrows eliminated than uniting with us; hence, you should avoid going to tend the cows in the dangerous place”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


ugakku nallavarodum uzhi thandhu undhan thiruvuLLam idar kedundhORum nAngaL
viyakka inbuRudhum em peNmai ARROm emperumAn! pasu mEykkap pOgEl
migap pala asurargaL vENduruvam koNdu ninRu uzhi tharuvar kanjanEva
agappadil avarodum ninnodu AngE avaththangaL viLaiyum en soRkoL andhO!


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

ugakkum – to make you joyful
nallavarodum – with those who have goodness
uzhi thandhu – roaming around (in our presence)

(not having them)
undhan thiruvuLLam – in your divine heart
idar – sorrows
kedum thORum – to be eliminated and when you become pleased

(more than you and them)
nAngaL – we too
viyakka – very
inbuRudhum – will become joyful;

(the reason for that – when you get separated)
em peNmai – our femininity
ARROm – cannot tolerate;

(for that)
emperumAn – Oh our lord!
pasu mEykka – to tend the cows
pOgEl – don’t go;

kanjan Eva – sent by kamsa
pala asurargaL – many demoniac persons

(due to being able to assume forms which they desire)
vENdu – matching your desire
uruvam – forms
koNdu – assuming
miga – very much
ninRu uzhitharuvar – will roam around;
agappadil – when caught (by hand)
avarodu – between them
ninnodu – and you
AngE – there itself
avaththangaL – cruel battles
viLaiyum – will happen;

(instead of ignoring out your pride)
en sol – my word
koL – should accept
andhO – alas! How sad that he is not bothered to accept the words of those who are separating from him!

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

When you roam around with those who have goodness and who bring joy in you, and when the sorrows in your divine heart are eliminated and you become pleased, we become very joyful. We cannot tolerate our femininity in your separation. Oh our lord! Don’t go to tend the cows. Many demons will assume different forms matching your desire and will very much roam around; cruel battles will happen there itself between them and you, when you meet them; you should accept my word. Alas! How sad that he is not bothered to accept the words of those who are separating from him!

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • ugakkum … – Roaming around in front of us, with those who are unlike us, having goodness which is dear to you.
  • undhan … – The sorrows which occur in your divine heart due to thinking “We have not united with them today itself”.
  • nAngaL … – viyappu indicates both amazement and abundance. We became abundantly joyful since we only seek your enjoyment unlike others. When asked “more than which joy?” [She says] even more than the joy of uniting with us; alternatively – when you unite with them, we derive more joy than the joy acquired by you.

When asked “Is your statement of becoming very joyful when I do this, apt?” she says,

  • em peNmai ARROm – We don’t need the femininity which is devoid of your joy. We are not of the type to desire you but disregard those who are dear to you; was it not mUkkaRaichchi (sUrppaNakA) who desired for you exclusively [disregarding pirAtti]?
  • emperumAn … – We are getting it in writing from you; can you not avoid going to tend the cows?

When asked “Am I going? And what if I went to tend the cows as part of my duty?” she says,

  • miga … – Very many demons assume many different forms as desired, and roam around actively. In SrI vrindhAvanam, even the plants are possessed with demons.
  • vENdu uruvam koNdu – The forms which you desire; alternatively, assuming forms which are apt to destroy you.
  • kanjan Eva – Since they come on kamsa’s instigation, they would fiercely attack “even if we lose to krishNa and escape from here, we will not be spared by kamsa”.

When asked “How does it matter on who sends or who comes? We will always remain victorious in the battles we enter”, she says,

  • agappadil – What if the unexpected happens? Is it not said that victory or loss is indeterminable in a battle?

When asked “What will happen?” she says,

  • avar … – Where they and you are present, there will be evil battles.

Even after saying this, he remained indifferent as if playing chess. She says,

  • en sol koL – Don’t be indifferent. Think about my words.
  • andhO – Even if you don’t understand us, should you not understand yourself?

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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