thiruvAimozhi – 5.2.11 – kaliyugam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Fifth Centum >> Second decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end, AzhwAr says “For those who learned this decad, the defect of considering dhEvathAntharams to be supreme and the defect in mind of seeking out ulterior motives from emperumAn, will be gone”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr explains the result of this decad which is the removal of all impurities in the heart.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


kaliyugam onRum inRikkE than adiyArkkaruL seyyum
maliyum sudar oLi mUrththi mAyap pirAn kaNNan thannaik
kalivayal thennan kurugUrk kArimARan satakOpan
oli pugazh Ayiraththippathu uLLaththai mAsaRukkumE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

than – his
adiyArkku – for distinguished servitors
kali yugam – the defects of kali yugam
onRum – anything
inRikkE – to be affected

(knowledge, devotion etc in his matters)
aruL – out of his grace
seyyum – due to bestowing
maliyum – abundant
sudar – having radiance
oLi mUrththi – having splendorous form
mAyam – having amazing qualities and activities
pirAn – one who lets them [those servitors] enjoy him
kaNNan thannai – on krishNa
kali – abundant
vayal – having fertile farm lands
then – for south direction
nan – worthy
kurugUr – leader of AzhwArthirunagari
kAri – distinguished birth
mARan – having distinguished family heritage
satakOpan – nammAzhwAr‘s
oli – very famous
pugazh – speaking about bhagavAn’s qualities
Ayiraththu – among the thousand pAsurams
ippaththu – this decad
uLLaththai – the heart of those who meditate upon
mAsu – dirt (considering bhAgavathas to be equal to oneself, doubt in greatness of bhagavAn, considering dhEvathAntharams to be supreme and attachment towards worldly pleasures)
aRukkum – will eliminate.

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Due to emperumAn‘s bestowing [of his grace] for his distinguished servitors, for them to be not affected by the defects of kali yugam, nammAzhwAr, the leader of AzhwArthirunagari which is having fertile farm lands and is a worthy town for the south direction, [such nammAzhwAr] who is having distinguished birth and family heritage, compiled this very famous  decad among the thousand pAsurams which are speaking about bhagavAn’s qualities, and are on krishNa, who is having radiant splendorous form, amazing qualities and activities. For those who meditate upon such decad, the dirt in their heart will be eliminated.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • kali yugam onRum inRikkE – As said in “kalau krutha yugam thasya” (For the one who has gOvindha in his heart, kali yugam feels like krutha yugam), emperumAn will grace his servitors so that they are not affected by the defects of kali yugam. The wealth allocated for the kingdom will not be the same as what is allocated for the queen’s private quarters [even if the kingdom is struggling, the king will ensure proper care for his queen; similarly even though worldly people may be suffering in kali yugam, devotees of emperumAn will not suffer].
  • maliyum sudar oLi mUrththi – His bodily beauty is such that, even if does not show his mercy, we will not leave him [just for his beauty]. Since sudar and oLi are synonymous, the abundant nature of his radiance is highlighted by those two words. malidhal means abundance, indicating, emperumAn‘s form is filled with great radiance.
  • mAyam … – AzhwAr has sung the glories of krishNa who is having amazing qualities and activities.
  • kali vayal … – kali means midukku (pride) and AravAram (joyful noise). This implies a) pUchAram (growth); also implies the noise while planting seeds, cutting the crop, ploughing the field etc. This decad, among the thousand pAsurams which have well known fame, which is mercifully compiled by nammAzhwAr, who is residing in AzhwArthirunagari which has such fertile fields; such decad will eliminate the defects of heart/mind such as having doubt that dhEvathAntharams are supreme; considering other SrIvaishNavas to be equal to oneself, considering “relationship with abhAgavathas” is good and desiring for worldly pleasures.

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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