thiruvAimozhi – 10.1.1 – thALa thAmarai

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Tenth Centum >> First decad

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the first pAsuram, AzhwAr says “We do not have any refuge other than kALamEgam emperumAn who has the nature of destroying the hurdles”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


thALa thAmaraith thada maNi vayal thirumOgUr
nALum mEvi nangamarndhu ninRu asuraraith thagarkkum
thOLum nAngudaich churi kuzhal kamalak kaN kani vAy
kALamEgaththai anRi maRRonRilam gadhiyE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

thALa – having the strength of the stem
thAmarai – lotus flowers
thadam – ponds
aNi – decorating
vayal – having fields
thirumOgUr – in thirumOgUr
nALum mEvi – eternally residing
nangu – very
amarndhu ninRu – standing firmly with joy of self satisfaction
asurarai – demoniac persons, who are enemies
thagarkkum – to torment

(like an iron beam, resembling a shade giving branch of a kalpaka tree (a celestial tree))
nAngu thOLudai – one who is having four divine shoulders
suri kuzhal – (pacifying our sufferings, and being qualified to be the companion) having curly, dense hair

(to understand and bless me who is following him)
kamalak kaN – one who is having lotus like eyes

(that which speaks with a smile, to relax me)
kani vAy – one who is having friendly coral like divine lips
kALamEgaththai anRi – other than the one who is having a magnanimous form resembling a dark cloud
maRRu onRu gadhi – any other refuge which is our destination
ilam – we do not have.

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

To torment the demoniac persons who are the enemies, kALamEgam emperumAn is eternally residing and standing very firmly with the joy of self satisfaction, in thirumOgUr which is having fields decorated with ponds with lotus flowers having strong stem. He is having four divine shoulders, curly, dense hair, lotus like eyes and friendly coral like divine lips. Other than such emperumAn who is having a magnanimous form resembling a dark cloud, we do not have any other refuge which is our destination.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • thALa thAmarai – Lotus where the stem is carrying the greatness of the flower with great difficulty as if carrying a mountain. It is said in periyAzhwAr thirumozhi 4.9.8 “uram peRRa malark kamalam ulagaLandha sEvadipOl uyarndhu kAtta” (the strongly stemmed lotus appearing tall like emperumAn’s divine feet which measured the world). Lotus which is having strong stem due to the nature of the mud.
  • thadam aNi – The pond appears to be decorated with such flowers; when recited as “uram peRRa malark kamalam ulagaLandha sEvadipOl uyarndhu kAtta“, it implies that the strongly stemmed lotus, due to the nature of the mud, grew tall and blossomed, appearing like the divine feet which mercifully measured the world. [For the fields] When it is recited as “varambuRRa …“, it implies that the well stretched paddy crops resemble dhEvas stretching their feet, bowing their head and offering obeisances to emperumAn’s divine feet as said in SrIvishNu dharmam “sankaissurANAm” (When thrivikrama measured the world with his foot, he was worshipped by dhEvas, humans and other celestial beings). thirumOgUr which is having such rich ponds and fields. The enjoyability of the town is seen in the fields.
  • nALum mEvi – Having great desire everyday. Every dawn in that town, he feels as said in SrIvishNu purANam 5.17.3 “suprabAthA mE niSA” (Today is a good day for me).
  • nangamarndhu ninRu – He is standing there without considering any other goal than residing in this dhivya dhESam.
  • asurar … – One who is having four divine shoulders which show that he can conduct himself well by winning over the demoniac persons and eliminate the hurdles. nampiLLai asked [nanjIyar] “How would AzhwAr know this [that emperumAn can eliminate the enemies]?” and nanjIyar mercifully answered “Though one may not have earring now, it can be seen that he was wearing them before, based on the scars”.
  • suri kuzhal – emperumAn’s hair will eliminate the long-term suffering one went through in this samsAram. As emperumAn who is walking ahead,  gently sways his divine hair and as the one who follows looks at it, he will feel “kESava: klESa nASana:” (the one with beautiful hair, will eliminate our sorrows).
  • kamalam … – AzhwAr is talking about the relief one gets after seeing the true glance and true smile, after having been tormented by the glance and smile of inferior entities [since time immemorial].
  • kALa mEgaththai – Just as water is sprinkled on the path which is taken by the kings, as kALamEgam emperumAn walks ahead sprinkling the nectar of his beauty, one can follow him, enjoying such coolness.
  • anRi maRRu onRu ilam gadhiyE – There is no companion other than kALamEgam for our journey.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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About Sarathy Thothathri

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), lived in SrIperumbUthUr, presently living in SrIrangam. Learned sampradhAyam principles from (varthamAna) vAdhi kEsari azhagiyamaNavALa sampathkumAra jIyar swamy, vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Engaged in translating our AzhwArs/AchAryas works in Simple thamizh and English, and coordinating the translation effort in many other languages. Also engaged in teaching dhivyaprabandham, sthOthrams, bhagavath gIthA etc and giving lectures on various SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam related topics in thamizh and English regularly. Taking care of portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust ( initiatives.

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