thiruvAimozhi – 10.3.3 – vIvan nin

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Tenth Centum >> Third decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the third pAsuram, parAnguSa nAyaki says “This one sided love, of your ignoring us and our liking you, should perish”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


vIvan nin pasu nirai mEykkap pOkku vevvuyir koNdu enadhAvi vEmAl
yAvarum thuNai illai yAn irundhu un anjana mEniyai Attam kANEn
pOvadhanRu oru pagal nI aganRAl poru kayaRkaNNiNai nIrum nillA
sAvadhu ivvAykkulaththAychchiyOmAyp piRandha iththozhuththaiyOm thanimai thAnE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nin pasu nirai mEykkap pOkku – In your going to tend the cows (which you consider as your activity matching your dharma)
vIvan – I will perish;
vevvuyir koNdu – breathing hot (due to this disease of separation)
enadhu Avi – my AthmA (soul)
vEm – is burning due to that;

(in that state)
thuNai – companion
yAvarumillai – there is no one;

(due to desire, even in that state)
yAn – I
irundhu – alive
un anjana mEniyai – your form which is attractive like dark pigment
Attam – activity
kANEn – not seeing;
nI aganRAl – if you go
oru pagal – that one day time alone
pOvadhu anRu – will remain without moving;

(getting disturbed due to sorrow)
poru – fighting (with each other)
kayal – like a fish
kaN iNai – pair of eyes which you praise
nIrum nillA – tears are not stopping;
ivvAyk kulaththu – in this cowherd clan (in which you are born)
AychchiyOmAyp piRandha – being born as cowherd girl instead of cowherd boy
thozhuththaiyOm – we who are lowly, our
ith thanimai thAnE – being alone in this manner
sAvadhu – should end.

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

I will perish if you go to tend the cows; as I am breathing hot, my AthmA is burning due to that; there is no companion for me; I am alive but not seeing the activity of your form which is attractive like dark pigment; if you go, that day time will remain without moving; tears are not stopping in the pair of eyes which you praise and which resemble fish fighting with each other; we are born lowly as cowherd girls instead of cowherd boys; our loneliness should end. Implies – since loneliness is natural for them, ending it means ending themselves. Also implies that loneliness is as good as death.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • vIvan … – Having your going to tend the cows as the reason, I will perish. If you think “isn’t it my duty?”, then you will end up doing sthrIvadham (killing of woman).

When asked “How do you know that you are reaching the end?” she says,

  • vevvuyir … – Can you not see me? Due to your leaving, I am breathing heavily and having that as the reason, my heart has withered. I am burning by the fire of sorrow in separation; she is saying “Don’t you have the capability to pour water on this heart?”.
  • enadhu Avi – Don’t consider everyone to be like yourself [I am suffering and you are not].
  • yAvarum thuNai illai – You, who are my companion, have left; if you leave, naturally my friends who are my companions, would also leave; cuckoos, peacocks etc have also developed hatred towards me, like the townspeople.
  • yAn irundhu – Did I get to experience that [death] which happens when you leave? Even after suffering everything, I am continuing to live one hundred years; the desire to see you somehow, will not let me die. emperumAn who separated will neither let me die nor let me sustain; just as arjuna remained facing many insults after krishNa ascended to paramapadham.
  • un anjana mEniyai Attam kANEn – Did I get to enjoy the sustaining force of those who continue to live? She is desiring for the uruveLippAdu (visualisation) which she enjoyed in thiruvAimozhi 7.7EzhaiyarAvi“.
  • un – You have not seen yourself in mirror. Had you seen, should you not think “those who are separated from me will not survive”?
  • mEniyai – She in not interested to engage in his svarUpam (true nature) or guNam (qualities); as an eager woman, she is desiring for his body!
  • Attam kANEn – I did not get to see him walk around in front of me with his body.

He said “This is just for the day time”, and she says,

  • pOvadhu anRu … – Don’t think that it is the same for us like for you. When you step away, even if 30 nAzhigai [each nAzhigai is 24 minutes] pass it will not move even a little bit, just as those firm malayALar (people from the present state of kEraLam) who decide to get something from someone, will not move away until they get it; that is not due to the nature of the daytime.
  • nI aganRAl – It is because of your nature. If that is the nature of the daytime, even while you are together with us, it should stay still. Just as I cannot see night [darkness] when you are with me, I cannot see the daytime moving in your absence. When he is present, we cannot see night; iraNdAm thiruvandhAdhi 81nAraNanaik kaNdEn pagal kaNdEn” (I saw nArAyaNa, I saw light). He remains without saying “pOvadhu anRu oru pagal“; even previously she said that he said “I will not leave” [but left. Hence, she will not trust him].
  • poru kayal … – I am unable to stop the tears which are flowing from my eyes, due to your leaving.
  • nIrum nillA – Even if I can stop you, I cannot stop the tears. The suffering in thinking about the separation is similar to the fighting of the fish.

When asked “What should I do?” she says

  • sAvadhu … – Let the separation in this lowly life of being born as a girl in this cowherd clan, be ended. Whether you go or remain here, let my loneliness end. She is speaking like sAvithri who told yama “I should get hundred children with him” [When yama was taking her husband, sathyavAn, away, sAvithri prayed to yama and he agreed to give her a boon. She cleverly asked him to let her get hundred children with sathyavAn]
  • thanimaidhAnE – sAvadhu – Alternative explanation. We don’t distinguish between loneliness and separation! Also implying that this loneliness itself is death. AzhwAr says in thiruvAimozhi 2.3.7ninnalAl ilEn” (I have no existence without you); even thirumangai AzhwAr says in thirunedundhANdagam 1iRappadhaRkE eNNAdhu” (not thinking about death, that is kaivalyam, self enjoyment). Another explanation – this loneliness is very bad, and hence let this one sided love end. When a kaikkiLaith thalaivi (heroine who is engaged in one sided love) loses patience, she will say anything.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in

pramEyam (goal) –
pramANam (scriptures) –
pramAthA (preceptors) –
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal –

Leave a Comment