thiruvAimozhi – 4.3.11 – uyvupAyam

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Full series >> Fourth Centum >> Third decad

Previous pAsuram

azhwar-emperumanarnammAzhwAr and emperumAnArAzhwArthirunagari

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end – AzhwAr says “Those who recite this decad will have the ubhaya vibhUthi (spiritual realm and material realm) of ISvara, under their disposal”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


uyvupAyam maRRinmai thERik kaNNan oN kazhalgaL mEl
seyya thAmaraip pazhanath thennan kurugUrch chatakOpan
poyyil pAdal AyiraththuL ivaiyum paththum vallArgaL
vaiyam manni vIRRirundhu viNNum ALvar maNNUdE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

uyvu upAyam – means for uplifting
maRRu inmai – nothing else existing
thERi – established
kaNNan – (the one who is so attached towards his devotees,) krishNa’s
oL – most enjoyable
kazhalgaL mEl – on the divine feet
seyya – reddish
thAmarai – having lotus flower
pazhanam – having water bodies
then – in south direction
nal – praiseworthy
kurugUr – leader of AzhwArthirunagari
satakOpan – nammAzhwAr‘s
poy il – without any falsehood (in his love towards emperumAn)
pAdal – sung
AyiraththuL – in the thousand pAsurams
ivai paththum – this decad
vallArgaL – those who can recite (along with meditating upon their meanings)
vaiyam – in this world
manni – firmly for a long time
vIRRirundhu – remain (in a distinguished manner)
maNNOdE – with this world (material realm)
viNNum – paramapadham also (spiritual realm)
ALvar – will rule over (under their control).

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nammAzhwAr, the leader of praiseworthy AzhwArthirunagari which is located in south direction with water bodies having reddish lotus flowers, established that there is no other means for uplifting and among the thousand pAsurams, sang this decad without any falsehood, on the most enjoyable divine feet of krishNa; those who can recite this decad (along with meditating upon its meanings), will firmly remain for a long time in this world in a distinguished manner and will rule over this world and paramapadham too.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

poyyil pAdalAzhwAr says “The manner in which emperumAn united with me with unlimited desire and with such pleasant interactions between us, is all true”.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • uyvu upAyam maRRinmai thERiAzhwAr did not speak about emperumAn‘s praNayithvam (love) thinking that he can fully speak about it; he spoke about it knowing that he has no other means than speaking about it to sustain himself.
  • kaNNan oL kazhalgaL mEl – At the lotus feet of krishNa who incarnated to manifest such great love.
  • seyya … – As AzhwAr sustained himself by meditating upon his praNayithva, the town (AzhwArthirunagari) too flourished as said in SrI rAmAyaNam yudhdha kANdam 127.17 “akAla palinO vrukshA:” (let the trees blossom even during non-season). Mercifully sung by nammAzhwAr of praiseworthy AzhwArthirunagari of the southern direction, which is having water bodies with reddish lotus flowers.
  • poyyil pAdal … – there is no falsehood in the whole thiruvAimozhi as said in SrI rAmAyaNam bAla kANdam 2.37 “na thE vAk anruthA kAvyE kAchith athra bhavishyathi” (brahmA tells vAlmIkI – Your words in this epic will never be false); Alternative explanation – the decad highlights that there is no falsehood in the praNayithva (love) of emperumAn, who is avAptha samasthakAma (one without any unfulfilled desires) and sarvESvara (lord of all), as he eagerly descended and united with AzhwAr, who was a nithyasamsAri (bound soul, before), making AzhwAr’s sustenance as a means of his enjoyment. When it is said as “poyyillAdha Ayiram” (the thousand pAsurams without falsehood), it includes this decad too.
  • vaiyam manni … – In this world, like emperumAnAr who lived a long/complete life with SrIvaishNavaSrI (wealth of kainkaryam, gyAnam, bhakthi, vairAgyam etc).
  • viNNum ALvar maNNUdE – While being in this world itself, they will rule over paramapadham; not only when they go to parampadham as said in thiruvAimozhi 10.9.6 “ANmingaL vAnagam AzhiyAn thamar” (Oh servants of the one who is holding sudharSana chakra! you rule over the heavenly abodes), but while being right here, they will rule over there.

While explaining “vaiyam manni vIRRirundhu” everytime, nanjIyar would say “Unlike us who were like those who lost the food which was so close to their mouth, those who recite this decad will remain in this world with SrIvaishNavaSrI, manifesting their distinction as said in thiruvAimozhi 10.6.2 ‘nAttArOdiyalvozhinhu‘ (cutting off ties from worldly people)”. He lost [his AchArya] bhattar at a very young age [which is why he said “Unlike us who were like those who lost the food which was so close to their mouth”].

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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