SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
In fifth pAsuram – AzhwAr says “Since emperumAn cannot survive even without one of his wealth, I am seeing emperumAn with all his wealth always”. Also explained as, emperumAn appearing with his wealth etc in his incarnations as said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 4.6 “bhUthAnAm ISwarO’pi san” (I am the lord of all beings).
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
See nanjIyar‘s introduction.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Fifth pAsuram. Explained as “due to his vAthsalyam (motherly affection) he is always present with all his wealth and appears [in manifested form] like a peacock with spread out feathers. Also explained as, emperumAn appearing with his wealth etc in his incarnations as said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 4.6 “bhUthAnAm ISwarO’pi san” (I am the lord of all beings).
thiriyum kARROdagal visumbu thiNindha maN kidandha kadal
eriyum thIyOdiru sudar dheyvam maRRum maRRum muRRumAyk
kariya mEniyan seyya thAmaraik kaNNan kaNNan viNNOr iRai
suriyum pal karum kunji engaL sudar mudi aNNal thORRamE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
kariya – blackish
mEniyan – having form
seyya – (contrasting with that) reddish
thAmarai – lotus like
kaNNan – having eyes
viNNOr – eternally enjoyable for nithyasUris (eternally free residents of paramapadham)
iRai – having supremacy
suriyum – curly
pal – many, wavy
karum – blackish
kunji – hairs
engaL – one who accepts our service
sudar – having radiance
mudi – one who is having divine crown
aNNal – being the master/lord
kaNNan – krishNa’s
thORRam – appearance
(part of samashti Srushti)
thiriyum – constantly moving
kARROdu – with vAyu (air)
agal – vast
visumbu – AkASam (ether/space)
thiNindha – hard
maN – bhUmi (earth)
kidandha – staying, without breaching the shore
kadal – ocean
eriyum – with rising flames
thIyOdu – with agni (fire)
(part of vyashti Srushti)
iru sudar – starting with chandhra (moon) and Adhithya (sun)
dheyvam – groups of dhEvathAs (celestial beings)
maRRum – and manushyas (human beings)
maRRum – and thiryak (animals) muRRumAy – and will be with sthAvara (plants)
Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
krishNa is the one with blackish form and with reddish lotus like eyes; is having the supremacy to be eternally enjoyable for nithyasUris; is having curly, many wavy blackish hairs; who is having divine radiant crown which makes him accept our service. Such krishNa’s appearance is together with the five great elements (which are part of samashti Srushti) viz vAyu (air) which is constantly moving, vast AkASam (ether/space), hard bhUmi (earth), ocean which is staying without breaching the shore and agni (fire) with rising flames, and (which are part of vyashti Srushti) groups of dhEvathAs (celestial beings) starting with chandhra (moon) and Adhithya (sun), manushyas (human beings), thiryak (animals) and sthAvara (plants).
To know more about samashti Srushti and vyashti Srushti, please visit https://srivaishnavagranthams.wordpress.com/readers-guide/ .
The sAmAnAdhikaraNyam (Visit https://srivaishnavagranthams.wordpress.com/readers-guide/ to know more), is based on SarIra (body) – AthmA (Soul) relationship indicating dhArya (that which is borne) – dhAraka (bearer) aspect as explained in SrI bhagavath gIthA viSvarUpa adhyAyam (chapter 11).
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- thiriryum … – air which is constantly on the move, ether which provides space for all other entities, earth which is hard by nature, ocean which is not breaching the shores due to bhagavAn’s order, fire which rises up in flames by nature, radiant moon and sun.
- dheyvam … – Celestial beings who are present to give refuge to those who are other than themselves and fulfil their desires. Humans who take shelter of such celestial beings. Animals. Plants.
- muRRum Ay – His appearance is explained to be with all of these. Ay – being the AthmA of all of these. From this, bhagavAn’s sustenance of the universe is explained.
Subsequently, his presence with distinguished form is explained.
- kariya mEniyan – One who is having divine invigorating form which eliminates the thApa thrayam (three types of distresses) of those who see him.
- seyya thAmaraik kaNNan – One who is having beautiful eyes which reveals his vAthsalyam (motherly affection).
- kaNNan – one who is subservient towards his devotees.
- viNNOr iRai – even in such form as krishNa, he is having supremacy in human form, which makes the nithyasUris come and glorify him.
- suriyum … – One who is having hairs which are curly, wavy, blackish which makes the one who sees him feel the coolness.
- engaL sudar mudi aNNal thORRamE – thORRam – prakASam (glow), avathAram (appearance). sarvESvaran‘s appearance having divine radiant crown which reveals his supremacy and is enjoyable by ananyaprayOjanar (those who are exclusively devoted to emperumAn without any expectation in return).
In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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