thiruvAimozhi – 2.10.3 – payanalla seydhu

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Second Centum >> Tenth decad

Previous pAsuram


Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the third pAsuram – AzhwAr says “one should consider ayan malai (nearby hill) which is part of thirumalai as the goal”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr says “To desire for the hill nearby thirumalai where the most generous emperumAn resides, is the goal”.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

Third pAsuram. AzhwAr says “Do we need all these goals? The hill nearby thirumalai itself can be considered as the goal”.


payan alla seydhu payanillai nenjE
puyal mazhai vaNNar purindhuRai kOyil
mayal migu pozhil sUzh mAlirunjOlai
ayal malaiadaivadhu adhu karumamE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nenjE – Oh my heart!
payanalla – useless actions
seydhu – performing
payan – use
illai – no
puyal – drizzles and drops
mazhai – like a black cloud
vaNNar – one who is like cloud that showers rain without discriminating between land and water (sea)
purindhu – being friendly
uRai – residing eternally
kOyil – abode
mayal migu – that place which captivates the one who sees
pozhil – garden
sUzh – surrounded by
mAlirunjOlai – in thirumalai
ayal – nearby
malai – mountain
adaivadhu adhuvE – reaching it alone exclusively
karumam – it is natural activity – must be done.

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Oh heart! There is no use in performing useless activities. emperumAn is like a black cloud that  holds drizzles and droplets of water and showers rain without discriminating between land and water (sea); being friendly, he is residing eternally in the beautiful abode of mAlirunjOlai surrounded by garden that captivates; reaching a mountain near thirumalai is a natural activity [for the AthmA] and must be done.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • payanalla …AzhwAr considers bhagavAn‘s presence in paramapadham (spiritual realm) and incarnations as useless [since they are unreachable due to the place (too distant) and time (past);  he considers azhagar emperumAn‘s presence here and now as the most worthy aspect]. Alternatively, this is explained as engaging in activities which are of no use. In AzhwAr’s case [i.e., emperumAn’s presence here], both the process and the result are of real use; this is what is explained in bhagavath gIthA 9.2 “susukam karthum” (joyful to perform); AzhwAr is really thinking here about ascending to heaven (where there is joy that is still mixed with sorrow) and the process for that is difficult too.
  • nenjE – Oh heart! You understand well, the difference between vishayAntharam (worldly pleasures) and bhagavath vishayam (transcendental pleasures). Alternative explanation – mind/heart is the common aspect that leads one to bondage and liberation; knowing well about this, you only tried to shy away from emperumAn.
  • puyal mazhai vaNNar purindhuRai kOyil – Now, describing the nature of the result. Two explanations – 1) the temple that is the residence of the one who is as beautiful as a laden cloud, who fully manifests such beauty for the sake of others; 2) the temple that is the residence of the one who is as merciful as a laden cloud which showers the rain irrespective of land or water and who fully manifests such mercy for the sake of others. From these two explanations, we can understand that both the means [his mercy] and end [his beauty] are bhagavAn only.
  • mayal migu pozhil sUzh – the dark place due to the coverings of the gardens; alternatively – due to its abundantly beautiful/enjoyable scenery, it will mesmerise those who see it.
  • mAlirunjOlai ayan malai – the hill that is glorified, only due to its proximity to thirumalai. Just as it is said in samkshEpa rAmAyaNam “agasthya bhrAthA” (brother of sage agasthya – is a well-recognizable identity for his brother even over his own name), this hill is known as the neighbouring hill of thirumalai.
  • adaivadhu adhu karumamE – this is the only action that is to be done; all other actions are to be given up.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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