upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 4 to 6

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram  4

Fourth pAsuram. He gives the order in which AzhwArs incarnated, in this pAsuram.

poygaiyAr bhUdhaththAr pEyar pugazh mazhisai
ayyan aruL mARan sEralar kOn – thuyya bhatta
nAdhan anbar thAL thULi naRpANan naRkaliyan
Idhu ivar thORRaththu adaivAm ingu

The order of incarnation of AzhwArs is – poygai AzhwAr, bhUdhaththAzhwAr, pEyAzhwAr, thirumazhisai AzhwAr who has lasting fame, nammAzhwAr who is full of grace, kulaSEkarap perumAL who is the lord of the clan of chEra kings, periyAzhwAr who has a pure heart, thoNdaradippodi AzhwAr, thiruppANAzhwAr who is full of auspiciousness and thirumangai AzhwAr who is full of auspiciousness.

pAsuram 5

Fifth pAsuram. He now mercifully lists out the months and the stars under which the AzhwArs incarnated.

andhamizhAl naRkalaigaL Ayndhuraiththa AzhwArgaL
indha ulagil iruL nInga – vandhu udhiththa
mAdhangaL nALgaL thammai maNNulagOr thAm Ariya
Idhu enRu solluvOm yAm

AzhwArs analysed the deeper meanings of vEdhas (sacred texts) and instructed the exalted meanings such that the darkness of ignorance disappeared from this earth. We will inform the months and the days on which the AzhwArs incarnated so that people of the world would know.

pAsuram  6

Sixth pAsuram. He describes the greatness of the incarnation of the first three AzhwArs, who are collectively called as mudhalAzhwArs (first AzhwArs).

aippasiyil ONam avittam sadhayam ivai
oppilavA nALgaL ulagaththIr – eppuviyum
pEsu pugazhp poygaiyAr bhUdhaththAr pEyAzhwAr
thEsudanE thOnRu siRappAl

Oh the people of the world! The days of thiruvONam, avittam and sadhayam in the month of aippasi are unique. This is because of the incarnation of the splendorous poygaiyAzhwAr, bhUdhaththAzhwAr and pEyAzhwAr, respectively.  These three AzhwArs are celebrated by all.

Sources: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/10/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-4/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/10/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-5/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/10/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-6/

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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