Daily Archives: March 25, 2017

thiruvAimozhi – 4.7.11 – thazhuvi ninRa

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Fourth Centum >> Seventh decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end, AzhwAr says “Those who learn this decad can enter paramapadham (spiritual realm) where they can eternally be united with emperumAn“.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr mercifully explains that the result of meditating upon this decad and becoming overwhelmed with joy is to ascend to paramapadham.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

pAsuram

thazhuvi ninRa kAdhal thannAl thAmaraikkaNNan thannaik
kuzhuvu mAdath then kurugUr mARan satakOpan sol
vazhuvilAdha oN thamizhgaL AyiraththuL ippaththum
thazhuvap pAdi Ada vallAr vaikuntham ERuvarE

Listen

Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

thazhuvi – being an inherent aspect of the svarUpam (true nature)
ninRa – firm
kAdhal thannAl – due to great desire to enjoy
thAmaraik kaNNan thannai – on sarvESvara who is having infinitely enjoyable divine eyes which are the cause for such great desire
kuzhuvum – group of
mAdam – having mansions
then kurugUr – the leader of AzhwArthirunagari
mARan – having great family lineage
satakOpan – nammAzhwAr‘s
vazhu ilAdha – without missing (any of bhagavAn’s qualities)
oL thamizhgaL – in dhrAvida (thamizh) language which is available to pursue for all, in the form of distinguished teachings
AyiraththuL – among the thousand pAsurams
ippaththum – this decad
thazhuva – to be fixated in the heart
pAdi – sing
Ada – to dance with great emotions (out of overwhelming love)
vallAr – those who are able to
vaikuntham ERuvar – will ascend to paramapadham (where there is unlimited enjoyment).

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nammAzhwAr, who is having great family lineage, who is the leader of AzhwArthirunagari, which is having group of mansions, due to great desire to enjoy, which is an inherent aspect of the svarUpam and is firm, sang thousand pAsurams in dhrAvida (thamizh) language which is available to be pursued by all, in the form of distinguished teachings, on sarvESvara who is having infinitely enjoyable divine eyes which are the cause for such desire to enjoy him; those who have this decad among those thousand pAsurams without missing anything, fixated in their heart, who are able to sing and dance with great emotions will ascend to paramapadham.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • thazhuvi ninRa kAdhal thannAl – My love which cannot be given up even if said “I will give up”, which always accompanies me.
  • thAmaraik kaNNan thannaiAzhwAr is identifying the eyes which worked to cultivate this love in him for emperumAn.
  • kuzhuvu mAdath then kurugUr – As said in SrI rAmAyaNam yudhdha kANdam 127.5 “sarvancha kuSalam gruhE” (everyone is well at home), the whole of AzhwArthirunagari was overflowing with many who consoled each other saying “As AzhwAr‘s desire/sorrow is increasing, it is only a matter of time before sarvESvara arrives here”.
  • mARan – One who changed samsAram (material realm) [to become devoted to emperumAn].
  • satakOpan – One who is enemy for those who turn away from bhagavAn.
  • sol vazhuvilAdha – Among thousand pAsurams, this decad which is spoken (as good instructions to be heard by everyone without discrimination) without missing anything in this auspicious calling out in separation from bhagavAn.
  • thazhuvap pAdi Ada vallAr – AzhwAr’s pure mood and actions cannot occur in anyone else; if one can recite this decad even with slight emulation of such mood (those who can dance with such emotions).
  • vaikuntham ERuvarE – Giving up this samsAram where one can only call out with desire to see him, will ascend to nithya vibhUthi (paramapadham) where there is eternal enjoyment.

kuzhuvu mAdam – closely built mansions. thenkurugUr – also explained as, beautiful AzhwArthirunagari.

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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Arththi prabandham – 55

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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Introduction

As a true Sishya and an ardent follower, one needs to be cognizant of two things viz.,

(a) thinking about all the benefits one’s AchAryan has done unto him and

(b) interest towards any deed that the AchAryan will do to him in the future.

This pAsuram specifically talks about the former. mAmunigAL celebrates the glorious qualities that emperumAnAr gave him. He lists them and eventually says that it is because of emperumAnAr’s grace that he was able to get these qualities.

pAsuram 55

thennarangar sIr aruLukku ilakkAgap peRROm
thiruvarangam thirupadhiyE iruppAgap peRROm
manniya sIr mARankalai uNavAgap peRROm
madhurakavi soRpadiyE nilaiyAgap peRROm
munnavarAm nankuravar mozhigaLuLLap peRROm
muzhudhum namakkavai pozhudhupOkkAgap peRROm
pinnai onRu thanil nenju pErAmaRpeROm
piRar minukkam poRAmayillAp perumaiyum peRROmE!!!

Word-by-Word Meanings

ilakkAgap peRROm – (We) became the target of
sIr aruLukku – causeless mercy of
thennarangar – periya perumAL, who is reclining south facing in the direction of SrIlankA, in a place that is very pleasing to the eyes and is known by the name of “kOyil”, where HE captivated HIS devotees by blessing them (“aruL koduthittu adiyavarai AtkkoLvAn amarum Ur (periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 4.9.3))
iruppAgap peRROm – (We) got the glorious opportunity of being permanent residents of
thiruvarangam thirupadhiyE – SrIrangam that is described as “thennAdum vadanAdum thozha ninRa thiruvarangam thiruppadhi (periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 4.9.11)”, “ArAmam sUzhndha arangam (siRiya thirumadal 71)”, “thalaiyarangam (iraNdAm thiruvandhAdhi 70)”. It is the chief of all the 108 dhivyadhEsams.
uNavAgap peRROm – (We) Our food is
kalai – the nectarine pAsurams of (nectarine for devotees that serves as garland for the Lord)
mARan – nammAzhvAr
manniya sIr – who is full of auspicious qualities starting with parabhakti etc
nilaiyAgap peRROm – (We) attained the last frontier of “charama parva nishtai”, that is celebrated as “yathIndhramEva nIrandhram hishEvE dhaivathambaram” etc. Myself and my associates started to talk about it “unnayozhiya oru dheyvam maRRaRiyA mannupugazh sEr vaduganambi thannilaiyai (Arththi prabandham 11)”).
soRpadiyE – (This tenet of charama parva nishtai (regarding one’s AchAryan as everything) is derived from the) divine words of
madhurakavi – madhurakavi AzhvAr who said “thEvu maRRaRiyEn (kaNNinun chiRuth thAmbu 2)”. (We got to live and abide by the tenets of the great madhurakavi AzhvAr).
munnavarAm nankuravar mozhigaLuLLap peRROm – We got to live, breathe and explore our ancestors’ works, their divine and esoteric purports. These are the works of AchAryas who lived by the way shown by AzhvArs.
muzhudhum namakkavai pozhudhupOkkAgap peRROm – (We) spent our times dwelling on that (works). Our minds does not go to anything that is not these divine works of our ancestors.
pinnai nenju pErAmaRpeROm – Our hearts and minds were so grounded to these works our ancestors that it never went behind
onRu thanil – any of the other works apart from our ancestors’ works.
piRar minukkam poRAmaiyillA – If the aforementioned qualities of ours that we got by the grace of emperumAnAr is placed on one side of a balance, then this one that am going to say would equal or weigh more than all of the above together. If such a rare SrIvaishnava is found with all of the aforementioned qualities, as described by “ippadi irukkum  SrIvaishNavargaL ERRam aRindhu ugandhu irukkaiyum (mumukshupadi dhvaya prakaNam 116)”, then we never become jealous seeing them. Such is our glory that was bestowed upon us by emperumAnAr.
perumaiyum peRROmE – We got this! Alas! What a great fortune to have gotten this , thanks to emperumAnAr’s causeless mercy.

Simple Translation

In this pAsuram, mAmunigaL celebrates the mercy of emperumAnAr. He adds that it is because of his (emperumAnAr’s) infinite mercy towards him that he got some treasured qualities in him. mAmunigaL starts by saying that they (himself and his SrIvaishNava associates) was chosen as the target of periya perumAL’s infinite blessings. They got the glorious opportunity of being in SrIrangam, the chief of all 108 dhivya dhESams. They got the rare blessings to eat, drink, breathe nammAzhvAr’s works day in and day out. They got the choicest blessings to live by the tenets propounded by madhurakavi Azhvar, i.e,. charama parva nishtai (regarding one’s AchAryan as everything). This happens to the rarest of the rarest cases. They got to explore and live by the words of their ancestors who in fact lived by the words of AzhvArs. They also did not go anywhere else apart from SrIvaishNava scriptures. They spent their lives living by it. Lastly, but most importantly, if they were to meet such a SrIvaishNava with all these aforementioned qualities, they would never get an iota of jealousy in them. They would be very happy about them. mAmunigaL says that all these fortunes that they got is solely due to the blessings of emperumAnAr.

Explanation

mAmunigaL says, “We became the target of the causeless mercy of periya perumAL, who is reclining south facing in the direction of Sri Lanka, in a place that is very pleasing to the eyes and is known by the name of “kOyil”, where HE captivated HIS devotees by blessing them (“aruL koduthittu adiyavarai AtkkoLvAn amarum Ur (periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 4.9.3). We got the glorious opportunity of being permanent residents of SrIrangam that is described as “thennAdum vadanAdum thozha ninRa thiruvarangam thiruppadhi (periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 4.9.11)”, “ArAmam sUzhndha arangam (siriya thirumadal 71)”, “thalaiyarangam (iraNdAm thiruvandhAdhi 70)”. It is the chief of all the 108 dhivyadhESams. Our food is the nectarine pAsurams of (nectarine for devotees that serves as garland for the Lord) nammAzhvAr, who is full of auspicious qualities starting with parabhakthi etc. We attained the last frontier of “charama parva nishtai”, that is celebrated as “yathIndhramEva nIrandhram hishEvE dhaivathambaram” etc. Myself and my associates started to talk about it “unnaiyozhiya oru dheyvam maRRaRiyA mannupugazh sEr vaduganambi thannilaiyai (Arththi prabandham 11”). This tenet of charama parva nishtai (regarding one’ AchAryan as everything) is derived from the) divine words of madhurakavi who said “thEvu maRRaRiyEn (kaNNinun chiruth thAmbu 2)”. We got to live and abide by the tenets of the great madhurakavi AzhvAr, who is described as “avargaLaich chiriththiruppAr oruvar uNdirE (SrIvachana bhUshaNam 409) referring to madhurakavi AzhvAr (He is a person who would laugh at the 10 AzhvArs because of lack of reliability in their approach towards reaching perumAL. Their approach is via perumAL himself whereas in the case of madhurakavi AzhvAr everything is nammAzhvAr for him). We got to live, breathe and explore our ancestors’s works, their divine and esoteric purports. These are the works of AchAryas who lived by the way shown by AzhvArs. We spent our times dwelling on those (works). Our minds do not go to anything that is not these divine works of our ancestors. Our hearts and minds were so grounded to these works of our ancestors that it never went behind any of the other works apart from our ancestors’ works.

If the aforementioned qualities of ours that we got by the grace of emperumAnAr is placed on one side of a balance, then this one that I am going to say would equal or weigh more than all of the above together. If such a rare SrIvaishnava is found with all of the aforementioned qualities thus far in this pAsuram, as described by “ippadi irukkum SrIvaishNavargaL ERRam aRindhu ugandhu irukkaiyum (mumukshupadi dwayaprakaNam 116)”, then we never get any jealous seeing them. Such is our glory that was bestowed upon us by emperumAnAr. We got this! Alas! What a great fortune to have gotten this, thanks to emperumAnAr’s causeless mercy.

adiyEn santhAnam ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

आर्ति प्रबंधं – २३

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आर्ति प्रबंधं

<< पासुर २२

उपक्षेप

पिछले दो पासुरों में, मणवाळ मामुनि, अपने आचार्य तिरुवाइमोळिप्पिळ्ळै और परमाचार्य एम्बेरुमानार के आशीर्वाद के विवरण किये। मणवाळ मामुनि के अभिप्राय हैं कि इन्के आशीर्वाद के बल पर वे निश्चित परमपद प्राप्त करेंगें और भगवान की अनुभव करेंगें।  शीघ्र “दिव्यस्थान मण्डप” में निवासित “दिव्य सिंहासन” पर विराजित भगवान की अनुभव  पाने केलिए मणवाळ मामुनि अपनी इच्छा प्रकट करते हैं।  

पासुरम

अडियारगळ कुळाङ्गळ अळगोलक्कम इरुक्क
अनंतमयमान मामणि मण्डपत्तु
पड़ियादूमिल पडुक्कयाय इरुक्कुम अनन्तन
पणमामणिगळ तम्मिन ओळी मंडलत्तिल इडैयिल
वडिवारुम मामलराळ वलवरुगु मट्रै
मण्मगळुम आय्मगळुम इडवरुगुम इरुक्क
नडुवाग वीट्रीरुक्कुम नारणनै कडुग
नान अनुभविक्कुम वगै नल्गु एन एतिरासा

शब्दार्थ 

एन एतिरासा – हे! यतिराजा ! मेरे स्वामी ! यतियों के नेता!
कडुग – निश्चित ही आप शीघ्र
नल्गु – आशीर्वाद करें
नान – मैं
अनुभविक्कुम वगै – भोग  करें
नारणनै – श्रीवैकुंठनाथ
नडुवाग वीट्रीरुक्कुम – मध्य में विराजित, बिजली के बीच कमल की तरह, वर्षा की मेघ जैसे साँवले रंग के, दिव्य महिषियों के मध्य विराजित जो जग की राज करतें हैं।
वडिवारुम मामलराळ – प्रस्तावित दिव्य महिषियाँ हैं, दायें भाग में “ वडिवाय निन वलमारबिनिल वाळ्गिन्र मंगै” में प्रकटित  (तिरुपल्लाण्डु २)  अद्वितीय सौंदर्य और कोमल गुण संपन्न  पेरिय पिराट्टियार,
वलवरुगु – दायें भाग में
मट्रै मण्मगळुम आय्मगळुम – और भूमि पिराट्टि और नीळा देवी जो हैं
इडवरुगुम इरुक्क – बायें भाग में
अडियारगळ कुळाङ्गळ – इन्के संग, नित्यसुरियाँ (अनंत, गरुड़ विश्वक्सेन इत्यादि ) और मुक्तात्मायें (परांकुश और परकाल के जैसे ), यह मोतियों और रत्नों की सुन्दर संग्रहण की तरह दिखता हैं
अळगोलक्कम इरुक्क – सुंदर पंक्ति में
आनन्दमयमान मामणि मंडपत्तु – अत्यंत आनंदमय वेदी में , जो “तिरुमामणि मंडपम” जाना जाता हैं
पणमामणिगळ तम्मिन ओळी मंडलत्तिल इडैयिल – के सिरों से उत्पन्न प्रकाश के मध्य
पडियादुमिल – तुलना से पार
पडुक्कैयाय इरुक्कुम – अनंतन, जो दिव्य शय्या (श्रीमन नारायण के ) के रूप में सेवा करते हैं
अनंतन – “अनन्ताळ्वान” नाम से जाने जाते हैं

सरल अनुवाद

इस पासुरम में मणवाळ मामुनि श्री रामानुज से, कोई विलंब के बिना शीघ्र श्रीवैकुंठनाथ की भोग करने के हेतु, आशीर्वाद करने को प्रार्थना करते हैं। मणवाळ मामुनि श्री वैकुंठनाथ की विवरण करते हैं कि वे अपने दिव्य महिषियाँ :पेरिय पिराट्टि, भूमि देवी तथा नीळा देवी के मध्य, अनन्त , गरुड़  विश्वक्सेन जैसे नित्यसुरियाँ एवं आळ्वारों और आचार्यो जैसे मुक्तात्माओं के श्रेयसी पंक्ति के मध्य, तिरुमामणि मण्डप में  विराजमान हैं।

स्पष्टीकरण

मणवाळ मामुनि कहते हैं , “हे! मेरे स्वामी ! यतियों के नेता! “अडियारगळ कुळाङ्गळ (तिरुवाय्मोळि २. ३. १० ) और “मामणि मण्टपत्तु अंतमिल पेरिन्बत्तडियार(तिरुवाय्मोळि १०. ९. ११ )” के जैसे सुंदर पंक्ति में हैं।  नित्यसूरियों में अनंत,गरुड़ ,विश्वक्सेन इत्यादि एवं मुक्तों में परांकुश, परकाल तथा यतिवरादि हैं। यें मोतियों और रत्नों के सुंदर संग्रहण की तरह दिखतीं हैं।  यह पंक्ति, “आनंदमयाय मंडप रत्नाय नमः” के अनुसार तेजोमय , अत्यंत आनंद से प्रकाशित “तिरुमामणि मंडप” के आगे हैं। अत्यंत कोमल तथा शीतल  “अनंतन” नामक सर्प  शैय्या, जो भगवान के नित्य कैंकर्य केलिए प्रसिद्द हैं, इस मंडप में हैं।  “आयिरम पैन्तलै अनंतन” (पेरियाळ्वार तिरुमोळि ४. ३. १० ), “सिरप्पुडैय पणनगळ मिसैचेळुमणिगळ विट्टेरिक्कुम (पेरियाळ्वार तिरुमोळि ४. ९. ७ ) तथा “दैवछुडर नडुवुळ (पेरिय तिरूमडल १) जैसे वचनों में अनंतन की वर्णन की गयी हैं। “वडिवाय निन वलमारबिनिल वाळ्गिन्र मंगै (तिरुप्पल्लाण्डु २ )” और “वडिक्कोल वाळ नेडुनकण (इरणडाम तिरुवन्दादि ८२ )” में जैसे वर्णन किया गया है, पेरिय पिराट्टि अपने सौंदर्य और कोमल गुण के  स्वरूप से पहचानी जातीं हैं। वें श्रीमन नारायण के दायें पक्ष में दर्शित हैं।  श्रीमन नारायण के बायें पक्ष में पेरिय पिराट्टि के छाया भूमि पिराट्टि एवं नीळा देवी हैं।  एक कमल तथा तीन बिजलियों के मध्य साँवले वर्षा के मेघ के समान दृश्य हैं, इन तीनों पिराट्टियों के मध्य, श्रीमन नारायण।  ये श्रीवैकुंठनाथ हैं जो (तिरुवाय्मोळि १०. ९. १ ) में “वाळपुगळ नारणन” से वर्णित हैं, जो वहाँ “वीट्रीरुंदु येळुलगम तनिक्कोल सेल्ल” (तिरुवाय्मोळि ४.५. १ ) के अनुसार लोकपरिपालन करने केलिए विराजित हैं। “ हे ! मेरे स्वामी एतिरासा ! कृपया मुझे आशीर्वाद कीजिये, जिससे मैं तुरंत इस श्रीवैकुंठनाथ को भोग कर सकूँ”

अडियेन प्रीती रामानुज दासी

आधार :  http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2016/09/arththi-prabandham-23/

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