Arththi prabandham – 10

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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azhwar-emperumanarnammAzhwAr and emperumAnArAzhwArthirunagari


maNavALa mAmunigaL examines the reason for his multiple births and deaths. He comes to a conclusion that the only reason for repeated births and deaths and consequent sufferings is because he did not surrender to the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja and be there forever. He is separated from those divine feet and that is the cause of everything. So in order to fix this, maNavALa mAmunigaL decides to be at the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja and be there.

pAsuram 10:

pU magaL kOn thennarangar pUnkazhaRkup pAdhugamAy
thAm magizhum selvach chatakOpar thEmalarththAtkE
Eyndhu iniya pAdhugamAm endhai irAmAnusanai
vAyndhu enadhu nenjamE vAzh

Word-by-Word Meanings:

enadhu – Oh! My
nenjamE – heart (who obeys me always)!!!
vAzh – Please live from now (under the) by
vAyndhu – surrendering at the lotus feet of
irAmAnusanai – Sri rAmAnuja
endhai – who is my father and who is responsible for my soul’s true sustenance
Eyndhu – Sri rAmAnuja, who aptly dons the
iniya pAdhugamAm – role of pAdhukA (sandals)
thAtkE – of the divine feet
selvach – of the one who is filled with sAthvik qualities
chatakOpar –  and who is known as SatakOpa
thEmalar – upon whose lotus feet, honey from fresh flowers, oozes out
pAdhugamAy – (such satakOpan) is celebrated as the pAdhukA (sandals)
thAm magizhum – and relishes being the pAdhukais of
pUnkazhaRku – the feet that can be enjoyed forever, the feet of
thennarangar – SrIranganAthan who is none other than
kOn – the divine consort of
pU magaL – periya pirAttiyAr (SrI mahAlakshmi) who looks like fragrance manifested in a flower

Simple Meanings: 

In this pAsuram, maNavALa mAmunigaL advises his heart to go and surrender at the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja. More than that, he commands the heart to be at his feet forever and not get separated from the divine feet of SrI rAmAnuja. maNavALa mAmunigaL describes that SrI rAmAnuja represents the sandals of SatakOpa (nammAzhwAr), who enjoys being the sandals of SrI ranganAthan, who is the consort of periya pirAttiyAr.


periya pirAttiyAr is described as the personification of fragrance in a flower. SrI ranganAthan has such a periya pirAttiyar in HIS heart as per the phrase “pU mannu mAdhu porundhiya mArban (irAmnusa nURRandhAdhi 1). SatakOpar (nammAzhvAr) is celebrated as the pAdhukAs (sandals) of Sri ranganAthan’s feet which can be enjoyed forever as per the phrase “pUvAr kazhalgazhukku (thiruvAimozhi 6.10.4). SatakOpar himself has said “adikkIzh amarndhu pugundhu (thiruvAimozhi 6.10.11) and hence he represents the pAdhukA status of SrI ranganAthan. In addition to being the pAdhukA, SatakOpar actually relishes the fact that he serves as HIS pAdhukA, as seen in his other phrases “mugil vaNNan adiyai adaindhu (thiruvAimozhi 7.2.11) and “uRRen ugandhu paNi seydhu (thiruvAimozhi 10.8.10)”. Now, the relationship between such SatakOpar and SrI rAmAnuja is being described. The divine lotus feet of SatakOpar is fragrant with fresh flowers that oozes honey. As madhurakavi AzhvAr described “mEvinEn avan ponnadi meymaiyE (kanninun chiRuth thAmbu 2)”, SrI rAmAnuja opined that it behooves him to be at the lotus feet of satakOpar. Hence, SrI rAmAnuja is being celebrated as the sandals of SatakOpar. Finally, maNavALa mAmunigaL establishes the link between him and SrI rAmAnuja. maNavALa mAmunigaL states that it is SrI rAmAnuja who is  responsible for his soul’s true sustenance in the first place. He advises his heart that it needs to go and surrender and live at the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja, who is also known as emperumAnAr. maNavALa mAmunigaL advises his heart similar to how thiruvarangaththu amudhanAr adviced his heart as “irAmusan charaNAravindham nAm manni vAzha nenjE (irAmAnusan nURRandhAdhi 1)”. maNavALa mAmunigaL tells his “ Oh my heart who listens and acts according to what adiyEn says! go and be in close connection to the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja and expect nothing in return. It is just your svarUpam to be at the lotus feet of SrI rAmAnuja”. Since maNavALa mAmunigaL is characterized as epitome of love towards SrI rAmAnuja’s lotus feet, he is often called as “yathIndra pravaNar”. The phrase “selvach chatakOpar” earlier refers to the wealth of SatakOpar. As per the phrase “dhanammadhIyam thava pAdha pankajam (sthOthra rathnam)”, which says that the greatest wealth one can beget is the lotus feet of the Lord. Since SatakOpar had it, he is described as “selvach chatakOpar”.

adiyEn santhAna rAmAnuja dAsan

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