thiruvAimozhi – 6.4.11 – nAyagan

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Full series >> Sixth Centum >> Fourth decad

Previous pAsuram

Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the end, AzhwAr says “Those who learned this decad which speaks about krishNa’s activities, will become an exclusive devotee of krishNa like himself”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr explains the result as becoming an exclusive devotee of bhagavAn on having connection with this decad.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


nAyagan muzhu EzhulagukkumAy muzhu Ezhulagum than
vAyagam pugavaiththumizhndhavaiyAy avai allanumAm
kEsavan adi iNai misaik kurugUrch chatakOpan sonna
thUya Ayiraththu ippaththAl paththarAvar thuvaL inRiyE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

muzhu Ezh ulagukkum – for all worlds
nAyagan – controller
Ay – being
muzhu Ezh ulagum – the worlds which are controlled

(to save from total deluge)
than – his
vAyagam – inside his mouth
puga – to enter
vaiththu – keep
umizhndhu – spit out

(being the antharyAmi)
avaiyAy – having them as his body
avai allanum – being untouched by their defects
Am – being
kEsavan – krishNa, who killed kESi (the demon in the form of a horse)
adi iNai misai – on the divine feet
kurugUrch chatakOpan – AzhwAr
sonna – mercifully spoke
thUya – faultless
Ayiraththu – thousand pAsurams
ip paththAl – by this decad (which highlights the krishNAvathAram)
thuvaL inRip paththar Avar – will be endowed with ananya prayOjana bhakthi (devotion without any other expectation) towards krishNa.

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

nammAzhwAr mercifully spoke this decad among the thousand pAsurams on the divine feet of krishNa, who killed kESi. krishNa, who is the controller of all worlds, made the worlds which are controlled, enter through his mouth, kept them safely and spat them out, having all of them as his body and still being untouched by their defects; by this decad, one will be endowed with ananya prayOjana bhakthi towards krishNa.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • nAyagan … – Being the controller of all chEthanas (sentient beings) and achEthanas (insentient entities) , protecting them all by placing them in his divine stomach during deluge, letting them out so that they are not compressed for space inside, having them all as his body to have them identified as “thAn” (himself) in all states and forms, and being untouched by their defects even when he has them all as his body.
  • kEsavan adi iNai misai – On the divine feet of sarvESvara who is the killer of kESi. It is explained [by pUrvAcharyas] that “AzhwAr is speaking together the supremacy which was explained in the previous decad and krishNAvathAram where emperumAn killed kESi which is explained in this decad and concludes here in this manner”. Another explanation – also explained as speaking about krishNa’s aspects/activities only as said in mahAbhAratham sabhA parvam 38.23 “krishNa Eva hi lOkAnAm” (krishNa is the cause for all worlds).
  • thUya Ayiraththu ippaththAl paththar Avar thuvaL inRiyE – Those who practice this decad will become like AzhwAr. Due to the presence of this decad, the thousand pAsurams are having purity; alternatively – among the thousand pAsurams, since this decad speaks about krishNa’s activities, it can be said as the decad which is having purity.
  • thuvaL inRiyE paththar Avar – thuvaL means defect. That is, instead of seeking out other incarnations of emperumAn, they will immerse in krishNAvathAram only.

In the next article we will enjoy the next decad.

AzhwAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
emperumAnAr thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
piLLAn thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nanjIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
nampiLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
periyavAchchAn piLLai thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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