thiruvAimozhi – 4.3 – kOvai vAyAL

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Full series >> Fourth Centum

Previous Decad



Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

(kOvai vAyAL) AzhwAr speaks about emperumAn’s praNayithva (being a lover)  as a result of the pleasure acquired by such praNaithva of emperumAn who united with the distressed AzhwAr to remove his distress.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

See piLLAn‘s introduction.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

In third decad – emperumAn unites with AzhwAr to fulfil AzhwAr’s desires and looks at AzhwAr’s distinguished love towards him and feels same love towards him; meditating upon this, AzhwAr enjoys the following aspects:

  1. emperumAn’s ability to remove the hurdles that stop the goal from attained
  2. his relationship [with all] that makes him to be the rakshaka (protector)
  3. his nArAyaNathva [being nArAyaNa – the abode of all and the in-dwelling super soul of all] due to his being the antharyAmi of all
  4. his ability to remove anukUla Sathru (favourable enemies)
  5. his being with qualities such as sauSeelam etc
  6. having the tools/equipments to protect
  7. his nature of making others his exclusive servitors
  8. his omnipresence
  9. his supreme radiance
  10. incomprehensible greatness

AzhwAr becomes fully satisfied meditating upon sarvESvara‘s praNayithva which made him [emperumAn] greatly enjoy AzhwAr’s self and belongings, as he would enjoy garland, sandalwood paste etc [when some one enjoys such garland, sandalwood paste etc, those objects don’t have any enjoyment and only the person who wears them have exclusive enjoyment].

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nampiLLai‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction

emperumAn having acquired AzhwAr who longs to enjoy emperumAn’s forms at all places and at all times at once, he reveals same attachment towards AzhwAr as a praNayi (lover) would; seeing that, AzhwAr feels fully accomplished. This decad is sarvESvara’s bAlanAy [i.e., whatever emotions AzhwAr manifested towards emperumAn in the previous decad, emperumAn in turn reciprocates the same towards AzhwAr in this decad]. This decad is explained in three different ways by our elders;

  • embAr mercifully explains – as a mother who would show a coconut to pacify a child who cries for the moon, emperumAn manifests qualities that are different from what AzhwAr desired, and AzhwAr enjoys them.
  • thirumalai nambi explains – when one person asks another person for something, and when the other person agrees to give that, the person who asked will forget the previous miseries and feel joyful as if he already got that; [Examples] when SrI rAma leaves for the forest, SrI kausalyA tells “Since you are my only son, I cannot bear your separation; let me also accompany you” and SrI rAma replied to her looking at her face “Oh dear mother! whatever you say is against your virtues [of having to serve your husband]”; at this moment, SrI kausalyA becomes distracted with SrI rAma’s beautiful face and she performs mangaLASAsanam [wishing well] and retracts her desire; When krishNa said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 18.66 “mA sucha:” (do not worry), arjuna sustained himself as said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 18.73 “sthithOsmi gatha sandhEha:” (I am well situated and my doubts are cleared).
  • bhattar mercifully explains – As AzhwAr desired to enjoy emperumAn‘s aspects of kAla thrayam (past, present and future), to pacify AzhwAr, since emperumAn is known as kAlachakkaraththAn (controller of the time wheel), he removed the time limitations/restrictions for AzhwAr and let AzhwAr enjoy everything in a single stream without any break as in the present time and AzhwAr enjoys that”.

Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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