thiruvAimozhi – 3.1.7 – vAzhththuvAr palarAga

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full series >> Third Centum >> First decad

Previous pAsuram


Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the seventh pAsuram – when asked “What if everyone praises you together, or if most intelligent rudhra et al praise you [would that be possible]?” AzhwAr replies “Because rudhra was created by brahmA who was created by you, the praise by those with narrow knowledge will only conceal your auspicious qualities”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

Seventh pAsuram. emperumAn says “Leave aside vEdham. There are certain individuals who are known as vaidhika purushas (well versed in vEdham such as vyAsa et al). What about their praising me?” AzhwAr replies “Even that will only minimize your glories”.


vAzththuvAr palarAga nin uLLE nAnmuganai
mUzhththa nIr ulagellAm padai enRu mudhal padaiththAy
kEzththa sIr aran mudhalAga kiLar dheyvamAyk kiLarndhu
sUzhththamarar thudhiththAl un thol pugazh mAsUNAdhE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

(since emperumAn is known as sthavapriya (one who likes to be glorified))

vAzhththuvAr – those who praise you
palar – many
Aga – to exist
nin uLLE – in your will
nAnmuganai – four headed brahmA
mUzhththa nIr – in the causal ocean
ulagellAm – all the worlds
padai – you create
enRu – saying thus
mudhal – as the primary entity
padaiththavanE – oh one who created!

(being created by such brahmA)
kEzhththa – abundance
sIr – having qualities such as gyAnam etc
aran – rudhra
mudhalA – starting with
kiLar – those who are with risen divine powers
amarar – having immortality [to a limited extent]
dheyvamAy – dhEvathAs
kiLarndhu – zealously
sUzhththu – covering (the qualities which reap benefits [for them])
thudhiththAl – if they praise
un – your
thol – natural (ancient)
pugazh – radiant qualities
mAsUNAdhE – would they not become tainted?

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Oh one who being the primary entity, created the four headed brahmA in the causal ocean saying to him “you create all the worlds” so that many of those who praise you exist! Even if such dhEvathAs starting with rudhra et al who are having immorality [to a limited extent], who are with risen divine powers, praise you, covering those qualities which reap benefits [for them], would your naturally radiant qualities not become tainted?

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • vAzhththuvAr palarAgabhattar explains this as “Yes, there are many who can praise emperumAn. But what greatness do they have over vEdham [which is eternal and free from blemish]?” Alternatively, this is explained as – to create many who can praise emperumAn.
  • nin … – With a very small fraction of your will, you created brahmA telling him “you create these worlds which are surrounded by water”. It can also be explained as – you created brahmA saying to him “mUzhththa nIrilE” (in the great causal ocean), “lOkangaLai uNdAkku” (you create the worlds). Is there any way for those created by brahmA, who was created by you, to praise you? [this explains bhattar‘s view point]

When asked “But apart from those (vaidhika purushas such as vyAsa et al), what if we also included dhEvathAs rudhra et al? Can they praise your glories?”, further it is explained that, even for them “it is not possible to do so”.

  • kEzhththa … – If we leave aside these helpless group, is it possible for greatly powerful personalities to comprehensively glorify you? kiLarndha sIr – qualities such as gyAnam etc; if each of those dhEvathAs starting with rudhra, who are at times confused to be supreme, who have such great knowledge, who have a very long life, attempts to praise different qualities which reap different benefits, would such praising cause disgrace to your naturally auspicious qualities? [yes they will, in the sense that] “his  qualities are only as great as they are able to praise [while in reality the greatness of his qualities are unlimited]”. In that sense, will their praising you not become a disgrace for you (emperumAn)?

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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