upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 21 and 22

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 21

Twenty first pAsuram. AzhwArs are ten in number. They are also considered to be twelve in number. If one were to look at AzhwArs who were fully engaged only with emperumAn, they are considered as ten. mAmunigaL mercifully showed their star and month of incarnation in the pAsurams seen already. ANdAL and madhurakavi AzhwAr are those who were anchored in AchAryar’s affection. ANdAL enjoys emperumAn as vittuchiththar thangaL dhEvar; i.e. one who was her father vishNuchiththar’s lord. madhurakavi AzhwAr  too had said dhEvu maRRu aRiyEn; i.e. he did not know of any lord other than nammAzhwAr. If these two are added, the count of AzhwAr becomes twelve. Along with these two, mAmunigAL adds the most important AchArya in our guruparamparai (the traditional lineage of AchAryas), yathirAjar, also called as emperumAnAr,  who is referred to as mARan adi paNindhu uyndhavan, one who got uplifted by attaining the divine feet of nammAzhwAr, and enjoys him too in this pAsuram. emperumAnAr is also celebrated as “SrIrAmAnujam” the divine feet of nammAzhwAr. There is another connection among these three [ANdAL, madhurakavi AzhwAr and emperumAnA] – AndAL is celebrated as the reincarnation of SrI bhUmippirAtti, madhurakavi AzhwAr is celebrated as the reincarnation of periya thiruvadi [garuda] and emperumAnAr is celebrated as the reincarnation of AdhiSEshan. mAmunigaL mercifully tells the days when these three incarnated.

AzhwAr thirumagaLAr ANdAL madhurakavi
AzhwAr ethirAsarAm ivargaL – vAzhvAga
vandhu udhiththa mAdhangaL nALgaL thammin vAsiyaiyum
indha ulagOrkku uraippOm yAm

We will reveal to the people of this world, the greatness of the months and stars of ANdAL, the divine daughter of periyAzhwAr, madhurakavi AzhwAr and the lord of ascetics, SrI rAmAnujar, who incarnated for the prosperity of those who live in this world.

pAsuram 22

Twenty second pAsuram. mAmunigaL revels in saying that ANdAL’s divine incarnation in this world was only for his sake and mercifully describes it.

inRO thiruvAdip pUram emakkAga
anRO ingu ANdAL avadhariththAL – kunRAdha
vAzhvAna vaigundha vAn bOgam thannai igazhndhu
AzhwAr thirumagaLAr Ay

Is today the star of pUram in the month of Adi? Leaving aside the unlimited, blissful enjoyment in SrI vaikuNtam, she incarnated as ANdAL nAchchiyAr, the divine daughter of periyAzhwAr in order to uplift me. This is similar to a mother jumping into a well in order to save her child who had slipped into that well. She incarnated on this earth only to show us, by following the words of SrI varAhap perumAL who had told bhUmip pirAtti “jIvAthmAs (sentient entities) can easily attain me by singing praises on me, thinking about me and worshipping me with pure flowers”. How amazing is this! What a compassion!

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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