mudhal thiruvandhAdhi – 66 – kAlai ezhundhu

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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AzhwAr asks in this pAsuram: if people have knowledge, is it possible to remain without worshipping him?

Let us go through the pAsuram and its meanings:

kAlai ezhundhu ulagam kaRpanavum kaRRuNarndha
mElaith thalaimaRaiyOr vEtpanavum vElaikkkaN
OrAzhiyAn adiyE Odhuvadhum Orppanavum
pErAzhi koNdAn peyar

Word by Word Meanings

kAlai ezhundhu – waking up in the morning (which nurtures the sathva guNam (purely good quality))
ulagam – the exalted mumukshus (those who are desirous of attaining mOksham, SrIvaikuNtam)
kaRpanavum – learning
kaRRu uNarndha mElaith thalai maRaiyOr – the well versed, great vaidhikas (learned in vEdhas, sacred texts)
vEtpanavum – desiring to see
vElaikkaN – in the thirupARkadal (milky ocean)
Or AzhiyAn adiyE – the divine feet of emperumAn who is reclining, holding the incomparable sudharSana chakkaram (divine disc)
Odhuvadhum – being listened to (by these great people)
Orppanavum – thinking of
pEr Azhi koNdAn peyar – the divine names of the entity who holds the large disc


kAlai ezhundhu ulagam kaRpanavum – early morning [4 am] is the time when it is most appropriate for great people to wake up and learn, since sathva guNam (purely good quality) is at its peak at this time. nammAzhwAr says in thiruvAimozhi 2-10-1kiLaroLi iLamai keduvadhan munnam” (before the radiant youth gets wasted) and in thiruviruththam 93 “kAlai nangyAnaththuRai padindhAdi” (in the early hours after having a bath, approach AchAryan and learn about emperumAn). emperumAn in his varAha charamaSlOkam says “sthithE manasi susvasthE SarIrE sathi yO nara: dhAthu sAmyE sthithE smarthA viSvarUpancha mAmajam” (when the mind is calm and composed, the body is in good health, with the three constituent elements of the body in proper balance, when someone thinks of me who am having the entire universe as my body and who am having no births…) Thus in the morning hours, the body and mind are in composed state for doing sAthvik deeds].

kaRRuNarndha mElaith thalai maRaiyOr vEtpanavum – what the people, who have good knowledge about emperumAn, wish to see joyously

vElaikkaN Or AzhiyAn adiyE – is the divine [pair of] feet of emperumAn who is reclining on the milky ocean which has shore and is very expansive. [in this interpretation, the term vElai denotes shore]. If vElai  were to mean ocean itself, AzhiyAn will mean disc and the verse would refer to emperumAn who is having the disc which is used for protecting the worlds.

Odhuvadhum Orppanavum pErAzhi koNdAn peyar – the means to attain emperumAn’s divine feet and to think of him are his divine names. emperumAn has the complexion of ocean which removes all sorrows.

We shall take up the 67th pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa ramanuja dhAsan

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