srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Eighth pAsuram – AzhwAr says “there is no limit to his incarnations that are aimed at me”.
AnAn An Ayan mInOdu Enamum
thAn AnAn ennil thAnAya sangE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
AnAn An Ayan – Became a cow-herd boy who is naturally inclined towards protecting cows
thAn – he
mInOdu Enamum – (to protect his devotees) in the forms of fish, pig, etc
AnAn – he incarnated
ennil – while saying that
thAnAya – (naturally most distinct) incarnations of him
sangu – no sankyA (no limits)
Simple transalation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
emperumAn who descended as krishNa (a cow-herd by who is naturally inclined towards protecting cows) also descended as fish, pig, etc – while saying this we can see his most distinct incarnations are infinite. sangu – is explained as infinity as well as attachment. When explained as attachment – AzhwAr is saying “due to his attachment towards me, he assumed the forms of fish, pig, etc.”.
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- AnAn An Ayan – Born in a cow-herd family, out of great commitment towards the birth, he engaged in herding the cattle instead of wanting to be crowned in the kingdom.
Did he stop with that?
- mInOdu Enamum thAn AnAn – previously AzhwAr spoke about krishNAvathAram. When compared with these avathArams such as mathsya (fish) and varAha (pig), krishNAvathAram is like nithyasUris (in-front of samsAris). bhagavAn who is sarvAdhika (greater than all), became one amongst these species (of fish and pig). Though they appeared in sequence, AzhwAr, out of hurry, recites them together as if they appeared at the same time.
- AnAn – their form, act, etc., match the particular species’ form, act, etc. The purpose of these three incarnations is to impart knowledge [mathsyAvathAram was taken to protect/retrieve vEdham, varAha emperumAn is known as gyAnappirAn and krishNa is gIthAchAryan].
And the purpose of these incarnations is
- ennil thAnAya sangE – three explanations:
- sangam is explained as bonding; the great desire of emperumAn to be united with me.
- sangE – mahA sankyA – a special measurement of identifying great number such as crore, billion, etc; his incarnations are countless/infinite.
- sangE – mahA sankyA? – it is asked like a question; is it limited to mahA sankyA? Is there an end to his incarnations? This is explained in srI bhagavath gIthA 4.5 “bahUni mE vyathIthAni…” (Oh destroyer of enemies (arjuna)! I have also taken many births and you have too. I remember all my births but you do not).
In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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