srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:
Full series >> First Centum
This decad explains the divine wealth of emperumAn who thus mixed with AzhwAr.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
In seventh decad – nammAzhwAr explains – When bhagavAn bonds with chEthanas (mukthas [liberated souls], badhdhas [bound souls]) one of the two should become subdued. Since, emperumAn feels that instead of reforming jIvAthmAs, it would be enjoyable for him to subdue his glories. This is just like while irrigating water from a lower level to a higher plain – one would put in lot of efforts to bring the water up. Thus emperumAn minimizes his glories and presents himself in an acceptable nature to the jIvAthmAs and mixes with them.
In seventh decad – AzhwAr desiring to speak about the charming emperumAn‘s Arjavam (honesty/sincerity) who mixes with badhdhAthmAs (bound souls) of material realm (instead of shying away from lowly nature) just like he would do with nithyasUris (eternally free souls) and mutkthas (liberated souls), explains that by highlighting the following aspects:
- the first aspect for such quality of emperumAn – his being together with nithyasUris
- the glories of his avathArams which he takes to bond with the residents of material realm
- the common positioning of archAvathAram for both spiritual and material realm
- his nature of helping when needed, which is done by him to bond with his devotees
- the ultimate manifestation of such bonding of emperumAn with AzhwAr himself
- such bonding being casually done with everyone by emperumAn
- bonding of emperumAn with devotees desiring to fulfil their desires completely
- there being no limit to the number of avathArams which are taken by him to mix with his devotees
- such avathArams of emperumAn appearing with divine/distinct symbols for the enjoyment of his devotees
- such emperumAn being understood only through vEdham.
See nampiLLai‘s introduction.
Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction
In the previous decad, AzhwAr explained emperumAn as nirathisaya bhOgyan (infinitely enjoyable). Here, he explains emperumAn‘s Arjavam (honesty/sincerity). What is saulabhyam, sauseelyam, Arjavam? saulabhyam – Accepting humble forms amidst the residents of material realm, while having a great assembly in srIvaikuNtam; sauseelyam – while descending (minimizing his stature), not thinking in his divine heart “I have minimized my stature for these insignificant souls”. Now, Arjavam means – while bonding with different types of chEthanas (jIvAthmAs), going by their ways and presenting himself in a manner that is acceptable to them [In previous padhigams (decads), saulabhyam and sauseelyam were explained and now we are seeing Arjavam]. ALavandhAr too said in sthOthra rathnam 18 “vasI vadhAnyO guNavAn rujus…” [being subservient to devotees, being benevolent towards the ones who desire for different aspects, one who has sauseelyam, one who has Arjavam] – “guNavAn” (one who has the auspicious quality of sauseelyam) first followed by “ruju:” (one who has Arjavam (sincerity)).
Some explain that this decad explains sarvEsvaran’s aiSwaryam (wealth/control); Others say that this decad explains the nature of ISwara (supreme lord). Some others say that since AzhwAr said “pAdi iLaippilam” in 10th pAsuram of previous padhigam, here he is enjoying emperumAn. bhattar mercifully explained this as speaking about Arjava guNam (quality of honesty/sincerity). chEthanas (jIvAthmAs) are of three types – badhdhas (bound souls), mukthas (liberated souls), nithyas (ever-free souls). While mixing with them, instead of his forcing his views on them, he subdues himself to their expectation and mixes with them – thus his Arjavam (sincerity) is explained by AzhwAr.
Each pAsuram is discussed subsequently.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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