srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:
Introduction for this pAsuram
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction
No specific introduction.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction
Same as nanjIyar‘s introduction.
இல்லதும் உள்ளதும்–அல்லது அவன் உரு
எல்லையில் அந்நலம்–புல்கு பற்று அற்றே
illadhum uLLadhum alladhu avan uru
ellaiyil annalam pulgu paRRu aRRE
Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
illadhum – non-existing, due to constant transformation of the entity itself, achith (matter) is indicated using the word “asath”
uLLadhum – existing, due to unchanging nature, chith (soul) is indicated using the word “sath”
alladhu – not, different from
avan – his
uru – svarUpam (nature)
ellaiyil – unlimited
annalam – having (the previously explained) quality of bliss
paRRu aRRu – giving up attachment towards other worldly pleasures
pullu (pulgu) – approach him with devotion
Simple transalation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)
bhagavAn is distinct from chith (sentients) which are unchanging by nature and achith (insentients) which constantly change into different forms. So, after giving up attachment towards other aspects, approach with devotion, such bhagavAn who is filled with bliss.
As “pullu” indicates abundance of friendliness, it highlights the loving nature of this devotion.
Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam
If someone says “We can pursue bhagavAn only if he is distinct from and more glorious than the worldly pleasures which are to be given up”, AzhwAr explains to them that bhagavAn is devoid of any defects, filled with all auspicious qualities, being distinct from chith and achith and because of all of these, he is most enjoyable. Thus, give up attachment to these faulty aspects and approach him.
Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam
Similar to nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam
Similar to nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.
- illadhum – non-existing – It is not said as non-existing because of lack of pramANam (authentic explanation) of achith or because of achith being an illusory aspect (as explained by adhvaitha/mAyAvAdha philosophers). It is due to the fact that achith is perishable (has total transformation of itself) that it is said as “illadhu“.
- uLLadhum – existing – due to the distinction from “illadhu“, i.e., chith does not change itself ever, it is called “uLLadhu“.
- illadhum uLLadhum – chith and achith are explained as sath and asath in srIvishNu purANam “yadhasthi yannAsthi” (existing and non-existing) and thaiththirIya upanishadh “sathyanchcha anruthancha” (truth and false). It can also be explained as achith which is the abode of AthmA and AthmA which resides in achith – in this context “il” in thamizh is explained as house and “uL” is explained as “that which is inside”.
- alladhu avanuru – his nature is different from achith which is perishable and AthmA which becomes bound in achith (body) and considers “I am enjoying, I am suffering, etc”.
- ellaiyil annalam – Many pramANams are highlighted to explain bhagavAn‘s blissful nature. He is explained as such in thaiththirIya upanishath “Anandhamaya:” (filled with bliss), thiruvAimozhi 1.1.2 “uNar muzhu nalam” (filled with gyAnam and Anandham), srIvishNu purANam 6.5.84 “samasthakalyANaguNAthmakOsau” (naturally having all auspicious qualities) etc.
- pulgu – For one who fully knows the auspicious qualities, bhagavAn who is filled with such auspicious qualities is most enjoyable, similar to embracing a beautiful woman for some one who is desiring worldly pleasure.
- paRRu aRRE – One should give up other attachments and then pursue emperumAn. One cannot be “iru karaiyan” – i.e., one who holds on to both vishayAntharam (worldly pleasures) and bhagavath vishayam (devotion towards bhagavAn). As explained in thiruvAimozhi 7.2.7, “paRRilAr paRRa ninRAnE“, bhagavAn is pursued by the ones who have given up all attachments to vishayAntharam (worldly pleasures) and sAdhanAntharam (other means to attain him).
In the next article we will the next pAsuram.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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