gyAna sAram 12 – mARAy iNaindha

gyAna sAram

Previous pAsuram

                                                                      12th pAsuram

krishna-tied-to-grinding-mortar

thamizh:

“மாறாய் இணைந்த மறுதம் இரத்த தவழ்ந்த
சேறார் அரவிந்தச் சேவடியை – வேறாக
உள்ளாதார் ஒண்ணிதியை தந்திடினும் தான் உவந்து
கொள்ளான் மலர் மடந்தை கோன்”

English:

“mARAy iNaindha maRudham iRath thavazhndha
sERAr aravindhach sEvadiyai – vERAga
uLLAdhAr oN nidhiyai thanthidinum thAn uvandhu
koLLAn malar madandhai kOn.”

Verbatim Meanings:

malar madandhai kOn                                    –          sriman nArAyaNA, who is the King of the one
living in the lotus flower (sri mahAlakshmi)

mArAy iNaindha maRudham                          –          is the sole enemy of the twin asuras, who were
joined together to become a “marudha” tree
due to a curse.

iRath thavazhndha                                          –          These asuras in the marudha tree, fell by being
broken completely, when sriman nArAyaNA
crawled between them.

vErAga uLLAdhAr oN nidhiyai Indhidhinum –          The people who do not regard it in their heads
that if, they offer a great deal of wealth

instead of seeking HIS

sERAr aravindham sEvadiyai                         –          feet, which are like the red lotus which
blossoms in the mud,

thAN uvandhu koLLAn                                   –          sriman nArAyaNa will not accept it with HIS
heart’s content

 

Preface:

People who look for other material (rather immaterial) benefits from sriman nArAyaNan without yearning for HIS lotus feet, whatever big wealth they may offer HIM, HE will not accept them gladly with full heart’s contention

Explanation:

mARAy iNaindha maRudham iRath thavazhndha: The inseparable, twin “yamalArchanam” trees that regarded krishNa as its enemy, was made to fall down in the ground by krishNa who crawled in between them.

YashodhA went to take bath in Yamuna river after leaving krishNa in HIS bed. krishNa was crying out of hunger at that time. His mother who used to feed HIM with her breast milk was not there in the vicinity at that time. krishNa was very upset that HE did not get any food when HE was hungry. So, HE kicked out HIS legs. When HE kicked, HE kicked a wheel nearby. There was an asurA who was inside that wheel. The asurA was destroyed by the mere little kick of krishNa. This happened earlier. Similarly, the twin “yamalArchanam” trees who became such trees in the first place due to a “sAbam”, were destroyed completely due to krishNa’s actions. krishNa had stolen butter from others’ homes and had eaten them fully. Not able to listen to others’ complaints of krishNa’s mischief, YashodhA tied HIM up to a mortar and went on to do her chores. krishNa was still a small kid and hence did not know what to do. HE went ahead and crawled with the mortar as well. He was stuck in between the twin trees as HE could not go through them. The mortar could not penetrate through it as it was too wide. krishNa forcefully tried to enter. HIS divine thighs rubbed against the trees because of which the twin trees broke down completely and fell to the ground. The asurAs who were inside the tree were killed. YamalArchams tried to kill krishNa and help kamsA by residing in the tree. However, they were destroyed by krishNa HIMSELF. Hence, even though one opposes krishNa for the sake of others, they would eventually need to succumb to krishNa. Whoever be the enemy, krishNa will destroy all of them.

sERAr aravindhach sEvadiyai – HIS lotus feet has the hue of a fresh lotus that has just blossomed in a pond midst a natural settings. “sEvadi generally refers to “red hued” color of HIS feet. However, it is not just the red coloredness. It also means the associated characteristic beauty of HIS feet that includes beauty, coolness, fragrant etc (as per the thamizh grammar “yaerpuli kodal”). Swamy parAsara muni (author of srIvishnu purANam) describes this event and when he did that, he glorified the beauty of krishNa’s red eyes, when HE turned HIMSELF back with the mortar to look at the tree that had just fallen on the ground. However, swami aruLALa mAmuni, instead of describing the red hued eyes, here described the red hued LOTUS feet of krishNa, explains swami Manavaala mAmunigaL in his commentary for this pAsuram.

“porundhiya mAmarudhin idai pOya vem
perunthagAi, un kazhal kANiye pEdhutru
varundhi naan vAsaga mAlai kondu unnayE
irundhu irundhu eththanai kAlam pulambuvanE”                                                                                                                                                                                                           –Thiruvaimozhi 3-8-10

Even azhvAr wanted to enjoy the LOTUS feet with which HE crawled between the twin trees (“ponnAy maa marudhin naduvE en pollAmaNiyE”).

vERAga uLLAdhAr – this refers to those people who regard these two divine LOTUS feet as the ultimate enjoyment and do not pay any heed to other stuff. When krishNa killed the asuras in yamalArchanam trees, HIS true devotees will feel delighted because HE saved HIMSELF from the clutches of those demons. Not only that, by saving HIMSELF, HE gave HIS lotus feet to HIS devotees for their enjoyment. Hence, true devotees will always think about those LOUTS feet that had saved HIMSELF. They will never turn their attention to any other mundane stuff. However, not all people are HIS true devotees. There are many people who are involved in mundane material benefits. These people are being referred to as “vERAga uLLAdhaR”.

oN nidhiyai thanthidinum  – even if those aforementioned people offer the greatest wealth

thAn uvandhu koLLAn malar madandhai kOn-   krishNa, who is verily sriman nArAyaNan, is known as “Thiruvukum thiruvAgiya selvan”, i.e., “HE gives “Thiru” to even the periyapirAtti”. Hence, HE is replete with everything and does not need anything from anyone to make HIMSELF complete in any aspect. Hence, these people who indulge themselves in materialistic pursuits, even if they offer the highest of the highest wealth, HE will not take it with full heart. Had HE been an “incomplete” person in the first place, HE would have gladly accepted with highest satisfaction those enormous wealth that those people offer. Since HE is “complete in every sense”, we cannot say that HE will accept those wealth with HIS heart content. Moreover, HE accepts with full heart based on with what thought a devotee offers. Since it is being described as “HE accepts those wealthy offerings of other people but not with full satisfaction”, we can infer from this that “HE accepts it still but will treat it just for the sake of it to accept it and no real happiness behind it”. God is ONE who everyone is dependent on. Hence, HE has to take all that anyone offers. However, if one gives it with full heart’s content, HE accepts it with an even more full heart’s content irrespective of what is being offered to HIM. This is similar to how parents accepts everything that one of their good natured child gives and at the same time accepts anything that their other children with not so good nature offers.

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