mudhal thiruvandhAdhi – 95 – nAvAyil uNdE

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thirumanthra upadhESam by nArayaNa rishi to nara rish (both are incarnations of emperumAn)


In the previous pAsuram, AzhwAr mentioned that his tongue will not praise anyone other than emperumAn. In this pAsuram, he shows his amazement at samsAris (dwellers of this materialistic realm) who are using such parts of their body (as their tongues etc) as implements for nurturing samsAram (materialistic life).

Let us go through the pAsuram and its meanings:

nA vAyil uNdE namO nAraNA enRu
ovAdhu uraikkum urai uNdE mUvAdha
mAkkadhikkaN sellum vagai uNdE en oruvar
thIkkadhikkaN sellum thiRam

Word by Word Meanings

nA – tongue (which is the implement for praising emperumAn)
vAyil uNdE – is inside the mouth (without the need for searching for it outside)
OvAdhu – many times (without getting tired)
uraikkum – apt to say
namO nAraNA enRu urai – thirumanthram
uNdE – is available
mUvAdha – not coming back
mA gadhikkaN – in paramapadham (SrIvaikuNtam) which is the goal to be attained
sellum vagai uNdE – archirAdhi mArga, the path to go [to SrIvaikuNtam] is ready

(when things are like this)
thI gadhikkaN – in the path to naragam (hell)
oruvar – some people
sellum thiRan – why are they going?


nA vAyil uNdE – Is there a need to search outside for the tongue which is to be used for reciting the divine names of emperumAn! ISvaran (emperumAn) has already created tongue! Just as sumithrA tells lakshmaNa in SrI rAmAyaNam ayOdhyA kANdam 40-5”srushtathva vanavAsAya” (you have been created only for dwelling in forests), hasn’t the tongue been created only for praising emperumAn?

namO nAraNA enRu OvAdhu uraikkum urai uNdE – Hasn’t emperumAn given us the manthram (incantation) which is so simple that it can be recited ten times in a breath, instead of some manthrams such as sahasrAksharImAlAmanthram (a manthram which is made up of thousands of letters) which cannot be recited even within a day! Just as the tongue has been given by emperumAn, hasn’t this manthram been given by the same emperumAn! As said in “kim thathra bahubhirmanthrai: kim thathra bahubhirvrathai: namO nArAyAnEthi manthra: sarvArtha sAdhaka: ” (what is the purpose of other manthrams and other vrathams (vows)? The incantation namO nArayaNAya will give all benefits), hasn’t it been stated that even other incantations of emperumAn are purposeless!

mUvAdha mAkkadhikkaN sellum vagai uNdE – hasn’t emperumAn created mOksham (SrIvaikuNtam) by reaching which one does not have to return again, unlike other worlds such as swargam (heaven) from where one will be toppled after enjoying for a few days!

ennoruvar thIkkadhikkaN sellum thiRam – when such entities [tongue, thirumanthram, mOksham etc] are available without any shortcoming, how strange are the ways in which the worldly people repeatedly attain samsAram (materialistic realm)! When there is an easy, straightforward path available for getting uplifted, how are people going to difficult paths for getting destroyed and attaining meaninglessness! Hasn’t it been stated in SrI vishNu purANam 6-7-11 “anAthmanyAthmabudhdhir yA cha asvE svamithi yA mathi: samsAra tharu sambhUthi bhIjamEthath dhvithA sthitham”(the thought that something (body) is AthmA (soul) when it is not, and the thought that something is one’s own when it is not, are the seed with two parts which nurture the tree called samsAram)!

We shall move on to the 96th pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa ramanuja dhAsan

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