mudhal thiruvandhAdhi – 87 – iniyAr puguvAr

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AzhwAr says that after emperumAn came here [thirukkOvalUr], there will be no one to go to naragam (hell). Those in charge of naragam will have to close the gates and leave the place. AzhwAr is mercifully saying what nammAzhwAr mercifully said in thiruvAimozhi 5-2-1naliyum naragamum naindha namanukku ingu yAdhonRumillai” (hell which causes suffering, was destroyed. There is no work for yama (Lord of righteousness and the one in charge of hell) in this place.

Let us go through the pAsuram and its meanings:

iniyAr puguvAr ezhu naraga vAsal
muniyAdhu mUriththAL kOmin kanisAyak
kanRu eRindha thOLAn kanai kazhalE kANbadhaRku
nangaRindha nAvalam sUzh nAdu

Word by Word Meanings

kani – the demon who was in the form of wood-apple
sAya – to fall down and perish
kanRu – demon who came in the form of a calf
eRindha – thrown
thOLAn – emperumAn who has divine shoulders
kanai kazhalE – divine feet with ornaments which make a sound
kANbadhaRku – to  see (the path)
am nAval sUzh nAdu – the living creatures in the expansive country which is beautiful and goes by the name of jambhUdhwIpam
nangu aRindhana – knew very well
ini – henceforth
ezhu naraga vAsal – at the gates of the seven types of hell
yAr puguvAr – who will enter

(Oh yamakinkaras!) [servitors of yama]
muniyAdhu – without getting angry (at me)
mUri thAL kOmin – close (the gates of hell) with strong latch


ezhu naraga vAsal ini yAr puguvAr – Who will enter the gates to the seven hell henceforth? After emperumAn said in SrI bhagavath gIthA 18-66 “sarvapApEbhyO mOkshayishyAmi” (I shall liberate from all sins) what is the purpose for various types of hell where one has to experience the effects of those sins? ezhu naraga vAsal could also be construed as the gate to hell attained by those who leave from their physical forms and rise. After the incarnation of AzhwArs, there is no old samsAram (materialistic realm) [that is, the samsAram that used to be dreadful is now changed].

muniyAdhu – there is no significance for the anger of yamakinkarars (servitors of yama). AzhwAr tells them “Hence please listen to what I am saying without getting angry that I am talking of the destruction of your place”. If you get angry, you will suffer the same fate that befell the demons who came in the form of wood-apple and calf.

mUriththAL kOmin – Close the hell with a huge latch. Only if the closure is a temporary one, would one need to use a small latch. Since there is no work for hell, close it with a huge latch.

kani sAyak kanRu eRindha thOLAn kanai kazhalE kANbadhaRku – to see the divine feet, which make a sound due to ornaments [anklets], of the one who has beautiful shoulders, who threw a calf which was possessed by a demon, to kill a wood-apple which was possessed by another demon. The sound of the ornaments donned on the divine feet of emperumAn, which he changed while he targeted the wood-apple with a calf, is referred to here as kanai kazhal.

nAvalam sUzh nAdu nangu aRindha – the people in this world called jambUdhwIpam (nAvalam thIvu) knew beautifully well the divine feet of the one who has the capability to destroy enemies. They will not leave this earth which has thirukkOvalUr in it, where emperumAn has taken residence. This becomes the reason for emperumAn to protect us. Haven’t the sages of dhaNdakAraNya told SrI rAma  in SrI rAmAyaNam AraNya kANdam 1-19 “thE vayam bhavathA rakshyA bhavath vishayavAsina:” (we, who live in your country, are to be protected by you)! Mentioning of thirukkOvalUr here implies that this will be true of all dhivyadhEsams (divine abodes) where emperumAn has taken residence [as archchAvathAram, idol form]. The AzhwAr believes that the dhivyadhESams  where the aruLichcheyal (collection of all dhivyaprabandham of AzhwArs) is learnt, form the body for the country.

We shall consider the 88th pAsuram next.

adiyEn krishNa ramanuja dhAsan

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