yathirAja vimSathi – 18

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Kalatreyepi karanthraya nirmitathi
papakriyasya saranam bhagavatkshamaiva /
sa cha thvayaiva kamalaramanerthata yath
kshemassa eva hi Yatindra bhavatsrutanam //

word-by-word meanings

He Yathindra – Come Yathiraja!
Kalatreyepi  – by the past, present and future
karanthraya nirmita  – done by body, mind and action of three instruments
athi papakriyasya  – unable to tolerate even by the God who tolerates the extreme extent of sins committed by a human
saranam  – a means to wipe out the sins
bhagavatkshamaiva  – God, whose tolerance will redeem  mistakes and the tolerance is the origin of His all other attributes.
thvaya eva  – even to order the Bhagavan by your goodself
kamalaramane – Goddess Sriranganachchiyar, the Consort who instigate the real quality of mercy and perseverance of Lord Sri Ranganatha
arthita yithi –  has requested in Saranagati Gadya
sa eva – such request itself
bhavath sruthanam – to be in the fold of yourself, who are taken by your good-self
kshemaha – such is the means for attaining liberation.

Simple Translation

In the last Sloka, Sri Ranganatha is controlled by Sri Ramanuja. In this Sloka, Mamunigal requests Sri Ramanuja that he be blessed with no need to pray Lord Ranganatha, for washing off his sins. When Sri Ramanuja prayed in Gadyam beginning the Sloka manovakkayai and krithan kriyamanan aseshata kshamasva prayed that the sins done earlier, being done now and going to done in future – all without any trace should be wiped out. Such prayer will lead us to liberation.

There are three reasons in which Mamunigal establishes the greatness of Sri Ramanuja in the line kshemassa eva hi Yatindra bhavatsrutanam.   (1) In the Gadyam mentioned above, there is no clear mention about the prayer made by Sri Ramanuja for his servants. (2) Sri Ramanuja prostrated before Nammalvar, who on behalf of all subjects, prayed the Lord in Tiruviruttam first poem. (3) Actually, the magnitude of mercy is more in Sri Ramanuja than in Lord, as it can be noticed when Sri Ramanuja learnt the meaning of Charama Sloka at the feet of Tirukkotiyur Nambi, and he voluntarily propagated to all those who were  really longing to know. Such is the greatness of Sri Ramanuja. Hence, believing that Sri Ramanuja prayed Lord Ranganatha in Gadyam for the sake of all subjects in the world who approached him is underlined by the above line of Mamunigal. Although there is no word mama in the above Gadya, it is to be implied as he prays Lord to exonerate all mistakes done by all of us.

Translation by Sri U.Ve.Dr.M.Varadarajan Swami, MA, MA, PhD

Source: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2015/10/yathiraja-vimsathi-tamil-slokam-18/

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