thiruvAimozhi – 2.8.3 – puNarkkum ayanAm

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Full series >> Second Centum >> Eighth decad

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Introduction for this pAsuram

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s introduction

No specific introduction.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s introduction

In the third pAsuram, AzhwAr desiring to explain “iruvar avar mudhalum thAnE” says “The husband of SrI mahAlakshmi, emperumAn‘s [immortal] activities revealing his control [over others] is visible everywhere”.

Highlights from vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s introduction

Subsequently, AzhwAr says “His divine activities are well-known to everyone”.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s introduction

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s introduction as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

See nanjIyar‘s introduction.


puNarkkum ayanAm azhikkum aranAm
puNarththa than undhiyOdu Agaththu manni
puNarththa thiruvAgith than mArvil thAn sEr
puNarppan perum puNarppu engum pulanE


Word-by-Word meanings (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

than – him
puNarththa – created
undhiyOdu – with the navel
Agaththu – in one portion of his divine body
manni – eternally residing
puNarkkum – one who creates the universe
ayanAm – being aja (brahmA)
azhikkum – one who annihilates
aranAm – being hara (rudhra)

being antharAthmA of every one in this manner,
than mArvil – in his chest
puNarththa – kept together (to be identity)
thiruvAgi – having SrI mahAlakshmi
thAn – he himself
sEr – matching for his stature
puNarppan – being the one with naturally beautiful activities
perum – boundless
puNarppu – divine activities
engum – everywhere
pulan – popular as seen and enjoyed

Simple translation (based on vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s 12000 padi)

Being the antharAthmA (in-dwelling super soul) of aja (brahmA) who creates the universe and eternally residing in one portion of emperumAn‘s body along with the divine navel of emperumAn which created brahmA and being hara (rudhra) who annihilates; having kept SrI mahAlakshmi together in his chest, having many divine activities matching his nature, his boundless divine activities are popularly seen and enjoyed everywhere. This explains “iruvar avar mudhalum thAnE“.

vyAkyAnams (commentaries)

Highlights from thirukkurukaippirAn piLLAn‘s vyAkyAnam

See vAdhi kEsari azhagiya maNavALa jIyar‘s translation.

Highlights from nanjIyar‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from periyavAchchAn piLLai‘s vyAkyAnam

See nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam.

Highlights from nampiLLai‘s vyAkyAnam as documented by vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai

  • puNarkkum ayanAm – brahmA whose only job is to create the universe.
  • azhikkum aranAm – Like a hot stick [which is used to destroy others], he stays as rudhra destroying the universe. By having bhagavAn as antharAthmA (in-dwelling super-soul) they perform these activities. This is explained in mahAbhAratham SAnthi parvam 169 “… thadhASritha panthAnau srushtisamhArakArakau …” (the top most of dhEvas (celestial beings), brahmA and rudhra who were born from bhagavAn’s mercy and anger respectively, being guided by him, perform creation and annihilation – this is explained in smruthi) and SrIvishNu dharmam “… srushtim thatha: karishyAmi thvAmAviSya prajApathE ||” (Oh brahmA! I am going to create and place the earth as before, enter you and create subsequently).
  • puNarththa than undhiyOdu Agaththu manni puNarkkum ayanAm azhikkum aranAm – They can only perform their tasks when they are connected with his divine body, just like a suckling baby cannot sustain itself when the mother withdraws her bosom from its mouth. With this, bhagavAn‘s antharyAmithvam (being the in-dwelling soul) is explained through sAmAnAdhikaraNyam (one entity being the common bearer of multiple entities which perform different tasks). By saying “puNarththa than undhi” (created in his navel), his kAraNathvam (being the cause) is established; by saying “Agaththu manni” (eternally residing in his divine body), their existence depending on his divine body is established.
  • puNarththa thiruvAgith than mArvilemperumAn is the one who has SrI mahAlakshmi in his chest eternally being united with him. Why is this explained now? Just like his being the creator reveals his control over everyone, the relationship with lakshmi is also an important factor that shows his control/wealth. His togetherness with periya pirAttiyAr (SrI mahAlakshmi) is the reason for his simplicity and supremacy.
  • thAn sEr puNarppan – two explanations – he lies down in the causal ocean to initiate creation; he is the one who is having matching activities for his stature.
  • perum puNarppu engum pulanE – His activities which are conducted via brahmA et al (creation etc) and his great activities which he himself performs; such great activities are well known everywhere.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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