SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
971) yagya: (यज्ञः) (also seen in 446)
For all those who lack the capacity in performing elaborate yagyas to worship him, bhagavAn himself is in the form of yagya (japa yagya). Hence he is called ‘yagya:’.
Etymology: Since bhagavAn is himself the yagya for all those who lack the capacity in elaborate yagyas, he is called ‘yagya:’.
रिक्तानां स स्वयं यज्ञॊ यज्ञ इत्युच्यतॆ बुधैः |
972) yagyapathi: (यज्ञपतिः)
bhagavAn is called ‘yagyapathi:’ since he is the one who provides fruits for such yagya.
Etymology: Since bhagavAn is the bestower of fruits of yagya, he is called ‘yagyapathi:’.
यज्ञस्य फलदॊ यस्मात् तस्मात् यज्ञपतिः स्मृतः |
973) yajvA (यज्वा)
For such people who do not have the required capacity, bhagavAn himself becomes the doer of all yagyas. Hence he is called ‘yajvA’.
The root ‘yaj’ (यज्) gets the ‘~gvanip’ (ङ्वनिप्) adjunct, resulting in this divine name.
In the aSvamEdha episode of vaishNava dharma, bhagavAn himself says thus: “Oh yudhishtira! In order to purify such souls (who lack the capacity in performing yagyas), I do the yagyas for them during both sandhyAs (morning and evening) myself. This is my unfailing vow”
Etymology: He, who himself becomes the doer of yagyas for those who lack capacity in performing yagyas, is called ‘yajvA’.
अशक्तविषयॆ यष्टा स्वयं यज्वॆति कथ्यतॆ |
974) yagyAnga: (यज्ञाङ्गः)
Even the yagyas performed by the capable people is turned as a service unto bhagavAn. Thus, he is called ‘yagyAnga:’.
Etymology: Since all yagynas performed by capable men are also a service to bhagavAn, he is called ‘yagyAnga:’.
शॆषः शक्तिकृतॊ यज्ञॊsस्यॆति यज्ञाङ्ग उच्यतॆ |
975) yagyavAhana: (यज्ञवाहनः)
Giving strength, dedication and the eligibility to perform such yagyas, bhagavAn further conducts the yagyas himself. Thus, he is called ‘yagyavAhana:’.
Etymology: bhagavAn is called ‘yagyavAhana:’ since he provides them with the sincerity, eligibility, etc required to perform yagyas.
तॆषां श्रद्धाधिकारादिदानात् स्यात् यज्ञवाहनः |
यज्ञभृद्यज्ञकृद्यज्ञी यज्ञभुग्यज्ञसाधनः ।
यज्ञान्तकृद्यज्ञगुह्यमन्नमन्नाद एव च ॥ १०५ ॥
976) yagyabhruth (यज्ञभृत्)
Even if the yagya performed by people is faulty, he completes it and accepts it generously if the performer offers the pUrNAhuthi (the final oblation) remembering bhagavAn. Thus, he is called ‘yagyabhruth’.
The scriptures have shown thus:
- “The actions (of yagya) which are done by the performer (adhvaryu) with lack of attention are completed with the mere remembrance of vishNu”
Etymology: Even if the yagya performed is about to go fruitless due to omissions, bhagavAn is the one who protects and completes such yagyas if the pUrnAhuthi is offered with his remembrance. Thus, he is called ‘yagyabhruth’. This seven lettered manthra is one of the best.
पूर्णाहुतिस्वस्मृतिभ्यां विफलं यज्ञमप्युत |
पुष्णाति यज्ञभृत् स स्यात् सप्तार्णॊ मनुरुत्तमः ||
977) yagyakruth (यज्ञकृत्)
bhagavAn created yagyas in the beginning of time in order to uplift souls. Thus, he is called ‘yagyakruth’.
Etymology: The one who created yagyas at the beginning of time for the welfare of the world is called ‘yagyakruth’.
जगद्धिताय कृतवान् यज्ञमादौ स यज्ञकृत् |
978) yagyI (यज्ञी)
The master of all yagyas (the one for whom all yagyas are offered at all times) is called ‘yagyI’.
Etymology: He who is the master of all yagyas (unto whom all yagyas are offered always) is called ‘yagyI’.
यः सर्वॆषां तु यज्ञानां शॆषी यज्ञीति कथ्यतॆ |
979) yagyabhuk (यज्ञभुक्)
Further, bhagavAn is the one who partakes of all oblations in all yagyas. Thus, he is called ‘yagyabhuk’. Alternately, he is the one who protects all yagyas. Thus also he is called ‘yagyabhuk’.
Etymology: Since bhagavAn partakes of oblations in all yagyas and also is the sole protector of all yagyas, he is called ‘yagyabhuk’.
भुङ्क्तॆ तान् स भुनक्त्यॆवं यज्ञभुक् स निगद्यतॆ |
980) yagyasAdhana: (यज्ञसाधनः)
The yagyas performed are a means to attain the supreme lord through knowledge (gyAnam) (knowing that bhagavAn is the final destination for all souls). Thus, he has yagyas as the means of attaining him. Thus, he is called ‘yagyasAdhana:’.
Etymology: He, for whom the yagyas become the means of attainment through knowledge (in other words, since yagyas are the means of attaining bhagavAn through knowledge), is called ‘yagyasAdhana:’.
ज्ञानद्वारा यस्य यज्ञः साधनं यज्ञसाधनः |
adiyen srinivasa raja ramanuja dasan
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