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upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 7

srI:
srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram 7

maRRuLLa AzhvArgaLukku munnE vandhu udhiththu
naRRamizhAl nUl seidhu nAttai uyththa – peRRimaiyOr
enRu mudhal AzhvArgaL ennum peyar ivarkku
ninRadhu ulagaththE nighazhndhu                                      7

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Word by word meaning

munnE – Before
maRRuLLa AzhvArgaLukku – the other seven AzhvArs,
vandhu – (the first three AzhvArs) came to the earth
udhiththu – and incarnated,
nal – (and in) good
thamizhAl – language thamizh
seidhu – (they) divined (aruLich cheydhu)
nUl – the dhivya prabandhams – mudhal thiruvanthAdhi, iraNdAm thiruvanthAdhi, and mUnRAm thiruvanthAdhi
nAttai uyththa – and made the people in the world reach the true goal (ujjIvikkumpadi);
peRRimaiyOr enRu – due to their having such greatness
ivarkku – these three AzhvArs
nigazhndhu – are referred to with the
peyar – divine name of
mudhalAzhvArgaL ennum – mudhal AzhvArgaL (first/foremost AzhvArs)
ninRadhu – which got well established
ulagaththu – in the world.

vyAkyAnam

He is divining the reason for them getting the name of mudhalAzhvArgal, by starting with ‘maRRuLLa AzhvAgaL’.

Out of the ten AzhvArs, these three mudhalAzhvArs incarnated before the other seven AzhvArs.

The first three AzhvArs are supreme like the praNavam (Om). They incarnated between the end of dhvApara yuga and beginning of kali yuga {several years pass between two yugams }. To indicate that too they are called as mudhalAzhvArgaL.

mudhal_azhwarsmudhalAzhvArs

thirumazhisaip pirAn also incarnated during similar times, and the rest of the AzhvArs incarnated during kali yuga, starting from the beginning of the yuga.

Now,

naRRamizhAl nuL seidhu  is, in the best language that is thamizh, very distinguished from other prabandhams, is their creation of dhivya prabandhams that is thamizh vEdham. They are thiruvanthAdhis of, ‘vaiyam thagaLi [mudhal thiruvanthAdhi]’, ‘anbE thagaLi [iraNdAm thiruvanthAdhi]’, and ‘thiruk kaNdEN [mUnRAm thiruvanthAdhi]’ .

The prabandhams and their thamizh are of the nature that can be celebrated as said in ‘senchoR kavaigAL [thiruvAimozhi 10.7.1]’, and ‘senthamizh pAduvAr [periya thirumozhi 2.8.2]’, and ‘inkavi pAdum parama kavigaLAl [thiruvAimozhi 7.9.6]’.

They themselves valued it saying ‘perum thamizhan nallEn peridhu [iraNdAm thiruvanthAdhi – 74]’.

Their greatness is such that they would celebrate their and others’ prabandhams about the thamizh and its formation.

With such greatness through their prabandhams, they removed the darkness (ignorance) in this world, and made people reach the true goal – due to such greatness they together got the name of ‘mudhalAzhvArgaL’ (first/foremost AzhvArs), as referred to by the world.

peRRimai : perumai – greatness/nobleness. Due to this, it shows their pre-eminence as said in ‘janmanA vidhyAcha’ (by birth and by education/knowledge).

– – – – – –

English Translation: raghurAm srInivAsa dhAsan

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upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 6

srI:
srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram 6

aippasiyil ONam avittam sathayam ivai
oppilavA nALgaL ulagaththIr – eppuviyum
pEsu pugazhp poigaiyAr bhUthaththAr pEyAzhvAr
thEsudanE thOnRu siRappAl          6

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Word by word meaning0

ulagaththIr – Oh those of this world!
pugazh – having the greatness
eppuviyum – of people of all the worlds
pEsu – talking/praising about
poigaiyAr – poigai AzhvAr,
bhUthaththAr – bhUthathAzhvAr, and
pEyAzhvAr – peyAzhvAr
thOnRu – coming to this world
thEsudanE – with thEjas (brightness/majesty)
(si)piRappAl – by incarnation,
aippasiyil – in the month of aippasi, (and in the star days of)
Onam – thiruvONam, and
avittam –avittam, and
sathayam –sathayam
ivai – these,
oppilavAm – are unparalleled
nALgaL – star days.

vyAkyAnam

As per the vow in the previous pAsuram, he wishes to start in orderly manner, and he first divines the ways of incarnations of mudhal AzhvArs (first three AzhvArs), by starting with ‘aippasiyil Onam’.

That is, in the month of aippasi, the star day of vishNu which is thiruvONam, and then avittam, and sathayam, these three are unparalleled.

Oh you who do not know the propriety of conduct based on vEdhas, and have set your eyes on the life in this material world! Please celebrate the unparalleled days and reach the correct goal.

To talk about why those days are unparalleled,

eppuviyum, etc – All those in all the worlds were saying ‘that! that!’ about the greatness in the three AzhvArs being born in flowers, and due to their brightness of knowledge they have the greatness of seeing emperumAn in their mind, having the greatness of ‘nAttArOdu iyalvu ozhindhu [thiruvAimozhi 10.6.2]’ (~ not following the material ways of the people) they were moving to different places and were staying in a village in the night {thirukkOvalUr}, moreover, as said in ‘thUvadivil pUmagaL pAr mangaiyOdu [periya thirumozhi 2.10.9]’ and so on, the husband of srIdhEvi that is sarvEsvaran wanted to join the AzhvArs physically and so as said in ‘pulavar nerukka ugandha perumAL’ (perumAn who was happy when pushed by poets), having the greatness of being able to make emperumAn happy by their closeness/pushing of emperumAn, and so these are being praised by the world.

thirukovalur-perumalthirukkOvalUr idai kazhi Ayan – srI dhEhaLeesa perumAL

When asked who they are,

poigaiyAr bhUthaththAr pEyAr they are poigai AzhvAr, bhUthaththAzhvAr, and pEyAzhvAr.

thEsudanE thOnRu – (thEjas /brightness) they incarnated with the brightness which is their natural subservience to emperumAn.

Since the wealth came due to that, those days are unparalleled.

As said in ‘Azhiyankaip pErAyarkkALAm piRappu [periyA thiruvanthAdhi – 36]’, it is the brightness of parama padham (srIvaikuNtam).

As said in ‘karuvarangaththuL kidandhu kai thozhudhEn kaNdEn [mudhal thiruvanthAdhi – 6], and in ‘karukkOttiyuL kidandhu kai thozhudhEn kaNdEn [iraNdAm thiruvanthAdhi – 87], and in ‘karuvirundha nAL mudhalAk kAppu [nAnmugan thiruvanthAdhi – 92], they are having natural subservience. So they are of extreme greatness.

(mAmunigaL) very much loves these star days, and he is loved by these AzhvArs – he is having such greatness. mudhal_azhwars

Moreover, in the month of aippasi, that thiruvONam star day is vishNu‘s star birthday, and also of the one who is the most excellent srIvaishNava who is ‘krishNapAdhasya sUnu [thathva thrayam thaniyan], (the divine son of vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLAi), that is – of piLLai lOkAchAryar, so varavaramuni Acharyar jIyar (maNavALa mAmunigaL) with great love, nurtured this day, and set about celebrating regularly with care – this is well known.

These star days also are three (of three AzhvArs) (muppuri Uttiya – where 3 great incidents happen on the same time/day/place)

As said in ‘kriyAdhikArE ashtasAdhyAyE sravaNam cha AchvayangmAsE sarvapApa haramparam |mathsya kUrma varAhANAm AvirbhAva dhinam smrutham [srI pAncharAthram]’ (In the eighteenth chapter, it talks about the star day of thiruvONam in the month of aippasi, the incarnations by mathsya (fish), kUrma (tortoise/turtle), and varAha (boar), which would remove all the sins).

As said in ‘hAritha: – mAsE bhAdhrapadhE chuklE dhvAdhashyAm vishNu dhaivathE | adhithyAmdhayAth vishNurupEndhrO vAmanO vyaya: ’ (in the month of purattasi, Sukla dhvAdhasi, vishNu incarnated like a rising sun like an Indra, as vAmanan).

{So the star days of incarnations of these three AzhvArs are also special, unparalleled, and celebrated by all}

– – – – –

English Translation: raghurAm srInivAsa dhAsan

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rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 10

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImadh varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram – 10

Introduction (given by maNavALa mAmunigaL)

Says that those who keep in their head the divine feet of those who are fond of emperumAnAr, who is of the nature of praising the divine feet of pEyAzhvAr, are the ever great ones.

Introduction (given by piLLai lOkam jIyar)
By the previous two pAsurams – he talked about how the thick darkness that is ignorance (of external and internal things and beings) which was impossible for anyone in the world to escape from was destroyed by the two prabandhams given by poigai AzhvAr and bhUthathAzhvAr; in this pAsuram – after that darkness was destroyed, he says that they are forever srImAns (respected sirs) who have got the wealth of keeping in their heads the divine feet of those who are fond of emperumAnAr who praises the beautiful divine feet of peyAzhvAr who explained through his dhivya prabandham about his visualizing the sriya:pathi who was sitting in thirukkOvalUr.

emperumAnAr-pEyAzhwAremperumAnAr with pEy AzhvAr

manniya pEr iruL mANda pin kOvaluL mAmalarAL
thannodumAyanaik kaNdamai kAttum thamizhth thalaivan
ponnadi pORRum irAmAnusarkku anbu pUNdavar thAL
chenniyil sUdum thiruvudaiyAr enRum sIriyarE                    10

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Word by word meanings (given by maNavALa mAmunigaL)

manniya – that which could not be rid of even if tried hard
pEriruL – darkness that is agyAnam (ignorance)
mANda pin – but which was completely removed by the two earlier AzhvArs; after that,
kOvaluL mAmalarAL thannodum Ayanai – in thirukkOvalUr with sridhEvi (thirumagaL), in krishNAvathAram where he showed up for everyone to see his piousness towards his devotees;
kaNdamai – the way he made them to see him
kAttum – was shown (to us) by
thamizhth thalaivan – pEyAzhvar who is the head of thamizh
pon adi – whose very desirable divine feet
pORRum – (emperumAnAr who is) of the nature of praising (such divine feet)
irAmAnusarkku – in the matters of such emperumAnAr
anbu – love
pUNdavar thAL – the divine feet of those who wear such love towards emperumAnAr as jewels
chenniyil– in their heads
sUdum thiru udaiyAr – those who are having the wealth of keeping such feet (in their heads)
enRum sIriyarE – any time, they are the great ones.

vyAkyAnam

manniya pEr iruL mANda pin – manniya pEr iruL – Darkness that is ignorance which is hard to remove other than by understanding the thathvam (being/truth), such grand darkness that is holding on tight to the AthmA. sthOthra rathnam 49 – “avivEka ganAndha dhingmukhE bahuthA santhatha dhu:kavarshiNi | bhagavan bava dhurdhinE” (~the big ignorance that is showering the sadness, in this samsAram (material life)),

mANda pin – after such a darkness had been destroyed. That is, after the first two AzhvArs before this pEyAzhvAR, that is, poigai AzhvAr and bhUthathAzhvAr had lighted the lamp that was complete in all aspects, had destroyed that ignorance; “gu-sabhdha: andhakArathyAthu; ru-sabdha: than nirOdhaka: andhakAra nirOdhithvAthu gururithyabidhIyathE” (gu-darkness; ru-removes it; since he removes the darkness the teacher is the guru);  after the first two AzhwArs had destroyed such darkness without trace;

kOvaluL mAmalarAL thannodum – As said in “oNdodiyAL thirumagaLum nIyumE nilAniRpa” [thiruvAimozhi 4.9.10], and “agalakillEn iRaiyum enRu alarmEl mangai uRai mArbhA” [thiruvAimozhi 6.10.10], and “rukmiNI krishNa jananI”, (AzhvAr visualized) perumAn along with pirAtti who is purushakAra bHUthai (who recommends us to emperumAn),

mAyanai – incarnating as krishNan, the diplomacy he showed by going, with the message tied to his neck, as a messenger of pANdavas; doing such lowly actions like as a charioteer whom arjunan directed by using his feet; wielding the weapon after saying he won’t, making day as night, lifting of gOvardhan, taking arjunan very near the nithya vibHUthi (srI vaikuNtam) {to bring back the child of a vaidhika person, the child which arjunan had promised to protect but could not; that child had been taken to srIvaikuNtam by srIdhEvi nAchchiAr}, and advising him with charmaOpAyam (ultimate means – mOksham – (charama slOkam)) – such sarvEswaran with unimaginable qualities;

Ayanai {the ‘m’ sound of thamizh here could be stopped in the previous word and thus split this word as Ayanai} – Or, AyanAr – Mr. Cowherd. Or, krishNan with such above qualities and playfulness. {even today the palace of jIyar (pontiff) at thirukkOvalUr is called ‘AyanAr matam’}.

kaNdamai – what was seen – with the light that is knowledge which removed the darkness that is ignorance, as he visualized (emperumAn with his consort) all such above qualities of doing lowly actions (for the devotees), and AzhvAr told everyone about it for their betterment.

kAttum – He showed through his dhivya prabandham starting with “thiruk kaNdEn pon mEni kaNdEn, thigazhum arukkaN aNi niRamum kaNdEn, serukkiLarum, ponnAzhi kaNdEn puri sankam kaik kaNdEn, en Azhi vaNNan pAl inRu” [mUnRAm thiruvanthAdhi – 1] (~saw the consort, saw the golden body (of emperumAn), saw the beautiful colour, saw the conch and the sudharshaNa wheel, today in my emperumAn). {does not say ‘sollum’ (told), but said ‘kAttum’ (showed) – he makes us too visualize it}

thamizhth thalaivan – As celebrated in pAlEi thamizhar” [thiruvAimozhi 1.5.11], and “in kavi pAdum parama kavigaL” [thiruvAimozhi 7.9.6] by nammAzhvAr who got knowledge sans blemish, the root head of growing such dhramida sAsthram (thamizh, prabandham) is pEyAzhvAr;

ponnadi pORRum – you see, after seeing such divine feet of AzhvAr, (emperumAnAr) did not do kainkaryam to such feet as per his subservient nature, but started praising such divine feet due to the beauty of such divine feet of pEyAzhvAr.

irAmAnusarkku – regarding emperumAnAr

anbu pUNdavar thAL – the divine feet of great souls who wear as ornaments their love (towards the matters of emperumAnAr)

chenniyil sUdum – those who keep in their heads (the divine feet of great souls) like wearing a flower; { that is: emperumAn -> pEyAzhvAr -> emperumAnAr -> those who love emperumAnAr -> those who keep such people’s divine feet in their heads }

thiruvudaiyAr – such people having the ultimate wealth. As said in “sathu nAgavara srImAn” (gajEndhrAzhvAn described), “lakshmaNO lakshmI sampanna:” (~lakshmaNA’s wealth that is kainkaryam {described like this as he left everything and started to follow srI rAman to the forest}), “antharikshagathas srImAn” (vibhIshaNazhvAn’s association with srI rAman)

enRum sIriyarE – since they have the affection towards such devotees, they will remain having such a wealth till there is time. It is said too, “srImath bhAgavathArchanam bhagavatha:pUjAvithEr uththamam – srIvishNOr avamAnanAth gurutharam srIvaishNava ullulanganam – thIrthAth achyutha pAdha jAth gurutharam thIrththam thadhIyAngrijam thasmAn nithyam athanthrithIpavasathA thEshAm samAradhanE” (doing archanam to devotees is nobler than doing it to bhagavAn; disrespecting a vaishNava (devotee) is a worse sin than disrespecting vishNu; getting devotees’ srIpAdha thIrtham (divine water of holy feet) is better than getting that of achyuthan emperumAn),
and “thasmAdh gurutharam bHOktham thadhIyArAdhanamnrupa mama mathbhaktha bhakthEshu prIthir abhyathikA bhavEth – thasmAth math bhaktha bhakthAscha pUjanIyA visEshatha:” (~my devotees of my devotees are more special to me, and are worth doing special pUjas to them );

In thiruvAmozhi, AzhvAr too sang “thirumAl adiyArgaLaip pUsikka nORRargaLE” [thiruvAimozhi 5.6.11];

In the same way, starting with ‘vAchA yathIndhra’, “pAdhAnu chinthana paras sathatham bHavEyam” [yathirAja vimsathi] jIyar too prayed for such a devotion towards the emperumAnAr’s devotees.

From srI u.vE. thirumalai nallAn chakravarthy rAmakrishNa iyengAr’s ‘amudha virundhu’:

mAmalarAL thannodum Ayanai – Because he is with pirAtti, his quality of moving with common people is brought out. “mAdhavO bhakthavathsala:” (because he is the husband of pirAtti he is showing his good quality towards his devotees, the quality of taking their bad qualities as good.)

Instead of ‘kaNdamai sollum‘ (saw and explained), amudhanAr says ‘kaNdamai kAttum’ -> since peyAazhvAr showed us the whole picture of his experience at thirukkOvalUr.  Such is the expert thamizh of Azhvar. In eedu srIsUkthi, for “vaN thamizh nUrka nORREn‘ [thiruvAimozhi 4.5.10], it is good to recollect here its vyAkyAnam, “vaN thamizh is to show the things that we are already used to as brand new (experience)”.

In rathnAvaLi, vedhAnthAchariar says “prathyak prathyakshayEnna: prathiniyatharamAsannidhAnam nidhAnam” (will make us see through our inner eyes, the vaiththamAnidhi who is always having the presence of lakshmi), so he says about thiruvAimozhi.

kamban in satakOpar anthAdhi says, “seyyOdaruvik kurugaip pirAn thirumAlai nanga kaiyOr kani enak kAttith thandhAn” (nammAzhvAr showed thirumAl (srIman nArAyaNan) as easy as a fruit in our palm”).

{

In contrast, later in this prabandham amudhanAr says, “kaiyil kani enna kaNNanaik kAttith tharilum, undhan meyyil pirangiya sIr anRi vENdilan yAn [104]” (even if you showed us kaNNan as easy as a fruit in our palm, we don’t want anything other than the love for your divine body (thirumEni).

}

thiru udaiyAr: thiru -> wealth;  pArathanthriyam is the wealth.  The kings wear crown in their head (mudi sUdum);  but here they wear the divine feet of those who hold the divine feet of devotees of emperumAnAr (adi sUdum). Former begets svAthanthriyam, latter begets pArathanthriyam.

bhagavath pArathanthriyam – wealth.

bhAgavatha (AchArya) pArathanthriyam – bigger wealth

AchArya bhaktha pArathanthriyam – biggest wealth – where it has reached its fullest maturity and it has no more space to grow.

  • – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm srInivAsa dasan

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