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upadhESa raththina mAlai – 71

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pAsuram 71

munnOr mozhindha muRai thappAmal kEttu
pinnOrndhu thAm adhanaip pEsAdhE – than nenjil
thORRinadhE solli idhu suththa upadhEsapara
vArththadhenbar mUrkkar AvAr.                                         71

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Word by word meaning

mUrkkar AvAr – Those of foolishness, would,
(instead of)
kEttu – hearing from the learned
thappAmal – without missing/without mistake
muRai – in the proper ways (kramam) about
munnOr – what pUrvAchAryas (preceptors)
mozhindha – divined
pin – and after that
Orndhu – thinking through that
thAm adhanai pEsAdhE – and saying that to others in the same ways (kramam),
(they would)
solli – say to others
thORRinadhE – only what occurred
than nenjil – to their mind,
enbar – and would say:
idhu – what I have said
suththa upadhEsa para vArththai – came purely in the lineage of advice.

vyAkyAnam

He (maNavALa mAmunigaL) divined in the pAsuram ‘nAththikarum [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 68]’, as ‘munnavarum pinnavarum mUrkkarena vittu naduch chonnavarai nALum thodar’, that whom to disassociate and associate with, and then in the two pAsurams ‘nalla maNam [upadhEsa rahthina mAlai – 69], and ‘theeya kandham [upadhEsa rahthina mAlai – 70] he told about what one gets when they associate themselves with the two types of people,

and now, in this pAsuram ‘munnOr’ and by next pAsuram ‘pUruvAchAriyargaL’, he shows the differences between the advice of two types of people, and about knowing the nature of foolish ones between them, and about the gain of true nature due to ones who grow the true nature, and so completes the discussion.

and in this pAsuram, as he said earlier ‘munnavarum pinnavarum mUrkkar ena vittu [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 68]’, he is showing who are such foolish ones; or, thinking that we should talk about the opposite ones who are bad for the AthmA, he is divining a separate pAsuram for that here.

munnOr mozhindha, etc. – As said in ‘munnam kuravOr mozhindha vachanangaL [upadhEsa raththinamAlai – 54]’, the AchAryas who are earlier to us, starting from periya mudhaliyAr, that is SrIman nAthamunigaL – the SrIsUkthis they divined for AthmAs to reach the true goal;

muRai thappAmal kEttuafter hearing such words that are interested in us, in the residence of AchAryan, in the ways of guru-disciple, and in the way of sampradhAyam;

or, munnOr mozhindha muRai thappAmal kEttu – the preceptors divined about matters related to AchAryas as said in ‘uththAra yathisamsArAnmadhupAya plavEna thu’ (he (AchAryan) uses the boat that is AthmA and gets us to the shore), that Is, considering their AchAryan as the savior, and as said in ‘gurumUrthi sthithassAkshAth bhagavAn purushOththama:’ (purushOththaman is present in AchAryan) and so determined that AchAryas are incarnations (of emperumAn), they advise to their disciples also the same way; not missing/making mistake in this order;

acharyas_paramparai_gifmunnOr

pinnOrndhu – after listening to it, thinking about it thoroughly with involvement and interest,

thAm adhanaip pEsAdhE – Being ones to give advice, instead of saying to those who are interested in hearing from them about what was heard and led to clarification;

it is saying how they are giving advice (instead);

than nenjil thORRinadhE solliInstead of following what is said in the true references (pramANams), saying through their speech contrary meanings that arose in their crooked minds;

Or, not being enthusiastic in the matter AchAryan, having accepted only his help, with such dry heart, what ever occurred to it is what they say to others.

In this way, using the dry heart they say which are of disrepute and they say with decorated words, and they don’t stop with that; instead –

idhu suththa upadhEsa para vArththai enbA(a)r – They would say that this is of pure lineage of advice which is trusted. Even though what they say is not based on sampradhAyam, for creating belief in it they say as if ‘in aruLAl vandha upadhEsa mArkkaththai [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 1]’, that is how they give advice.

They create such contrary meanings for everything; their false words would show up like the weeds among plants, and like rAkshasas for the Adhithyan (sun), and will cause a lot of loss; so it would arise and die, and would not stay well – also since these are words that arose only which are being told;

When asked who such bad ones to give advice are, he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) says they are mUrkkar – foolish ones, who would damage by their advice. Those who don’t analyze fully are of foolishness; this name is matching their nature;

In this way, who give bad advice are fools; and fools would give such bad advice;

In anthimOpAya nishtai my (piLLai lOkam jIyar’s) AchAryan also divined “nam AchAryargaL thiru uLLak karuththai nanRAga aRindhu adhukkuth thagudhiyAy irundhuLLa ukthi anushtAnangaLai AsariyAmal, thangaL manassukkuth thORRinadhE sollum dhussvathanthra prakruthigaLAy svAchArya vishayaththil URRam aRRu irukkum garbba nirbhAgyarAna sushka hrudhayarkku nam dharsanaththil thAthparyArththamum thadhanurUpamAna anushtAnamum theriyAdhAgaiyAlE mElezhundha vAriyAna sivappup pOlE ivvarththam nenjil nilai nillAdhu’.

(Instead of understanding the divine opinion of our AchAryas and following the ways and methods according to that, they who say what came to their mind, they being independent of bad repute, and not having enthusiasm in the matter of their AchAryan, they being unfortunate from the womb and having dry heart, they being ignorant about the inner and deeper meanings of our dharsanam and the matching conduct, that would not stand for too long).

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Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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