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upadhESa raththina mAlai – 32

SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:
SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram 32

mannu thirumazhisai mAdath thiruk kurugUr
minnu pugazh villipuththUr mEdhiniyil – nanneRiyOr
Eyndha paththi sArar ezhil mARan pattar pirAn
vAyndhu udhiththa UrgaL vagai                                                                      32


Word by word meaning

mEdhiniyil – In the world
nal neRiyOr – those in good AchAryAbhimAna nishtai (having AchAryan as everything)
Eyndha – being together (for)
paththisArarthirumazhisaip pirAn,
ezhil – beautiful
mARannammazhvAr, and
pattar pirAnperiyAzhvAr,
vagai – detail
UrgaL – of the places
udhiththa – they incarnated
vAyndhu – as a group, are:
mannu – the well established
thirumazhisaithirumazhisai, and
mAdam – having belvederes/balconies (mAdangaL)
thirukkurugUr – (that is) thirukkurugUr (AzhvAr thirunagari), and
minnu – (having) shining
pugazh – greatness (that is,)


mannu thirumazhisai etc. – In this pAsuram he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is divining that these are the places of incarnation of thirumazhisaip pirAn, and of thirukkurugUr kArimARan that is, nammAzhvAr, and of SrIvillipuththUr pattar pirAn, that is, periyAzhvAr.

mannu thirumazhisai – (In this pAsuram) as he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is divining the places of incarnation in the same order as their months of incarnation, even though (in the previous pAsuram) after thirumaNdangudi (of thoNdaradippodi AzhvAr who incarnated in the month of mArgazhi) he had not divined about thirumazhisai (thirumazhisai AzhvAr’s incarnation being next to mArgazhi that is the month of thai) (instead in that previous pAsuram he had divined next at that time about thiruvanjikkaLam of kulasEkara AzhvAr related to mAsi month that comes after thai), but here it is to be noted that the ones given are in a sequence.

Or, it can be taken in this way: as he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) had divined earlier as ‘pugazh mazhisai ayyan aruL mARan [upadhESa raththina mAlai – 4](where, after thirumazhisai Azhvar, mARan that is nammAzhvAr was mentioned for the order of incarnation) – for that togetherness also, (here he is mentioning them one after the other).

mannu thirumazhisai – This place is having the ever-present relationship of SrI jagannAthar and (thirumazhisai) AzhvAr, and is being mahIsAra kshEthram thus making the earth lighter – such thirumazhisai. (as when rishis wanted to know a place where they could do their penances etc., and when thirumazhisai was placed in one plate and rest of the places was placed in another plate in the balance, the other places were lighter compared to thirumazhisai, so thirumazhisai was the chosen place for them).

This is south of thiruninRavUr, and near to that place.

thirumazhisai_azhvar_at_thirumazhisai_editedthirumazhisai AzhvAr – thirumazhisai

mAdath thirukkurugUr – As said in ‘mAda mALigai sUzhndhu azhagAya thirukkurugUr [thiruvAimozhi 4.4.11]’ (beautiful thirukkurugUr that surrounds us with palatial galleries), having the decorations and setup as a beautiful city of (AzhvAr) thirunagari.

nammazhvar_bavishyadhAcharnammAzhvAr with nAthamunigaL

minnu pugazh villipuththUr – that is – since ‘pArAr thol pugazhAn pattar pirAn [periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 2.3.13]’ divined his incarnation here, SrIvillipuththUr is having bright (significant) greatness in all directions;


medhiniyil – in the world. As said in ‘SrInagaryAm mahApuryAm thAmraparaNi uththarE thadE | SrIthintriNI mUladhAmnE SatakOpAya mangaLam(we prostrate to satakOpar (nammAzhvAr) under the tamarind tree in thirunagari (AzhvAr thirunagari) situated on the northern banks of river thAmraparaNi), these are the kind of places where these ‘SrImAn’s incarnated;

If asking who they are –

nanneRiyOr Eyndha paththi sArar – (followed by those having good ways)  – ‘nanneRi’ (good ways) is – AchArya abhimAnam – that is, steadfast in those ways, thirumazhisai AzhvAr is followed lovingly by those like kaNikaNNar and perumpuliyUr adigaL who have surrendered to the AzhvAr who knows the correct path.

In this way, it is paththi sArar (bhakthi sAra), that is, thirumazhisaip pirAn who is worshiped by these ananya prayOjanars (not expecting any benefit other than AchAryan);

Or ‘nanneRiyOr’ could also be applied to the mentioned list of AzhvArs. Then it would be (kaNikaNNar, perumpuliyUr adigaL, and)  madhurakavi AzhvAr and ANdAL (respectively). It is they who worshiped in fitting ways to the counterpart (AchAryan?) like proper disciples.

ezhil mARan – (nammAzhvAr) – It is – jagadhAbharaNar that is vakuLabharaNar. ezhil – beauty

pattar pirAn – SrI bhatta nAthar – that is periyAzhvAr.

These three AzhvArs are such that it is very difficult/rare to get them in this earth, and they incarnated for the protection of the sentient, and this is the detail of the places of their incarnation.

These places are in the west, north, and south of SrIrangam which is in the east.

– – – – – – – – – –

Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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upadhESa raththina mAlai – 26

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pAsuram 26

vAyththa thirumanthiraththin maththimamAm padham pOl
seerththa madhurakavi sey kalaiyai – Arththa pugazh
AriyargaL thAngaL aruLichchyal naduvE
sErviththAr thARpariyam thErndhu.                                                       26


Word by word meaning

maththimam Am padham pOl – Like the ‘nama’ word in the middle
thirumanthiranththin – of thirumanthram
vAyththa – that is corresponding to our true nature (svarUpa anurUpam),
madhurakavimadhurakavi AzhvAr
seerththa – who is full of greatness
sey – divined
kalaiyai – the prabandham that is kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu;
AriyargaL thAngaLpUrvAcharyas (preceptors)
Arththa – (who are) full of
pugazh – glory
thErndhu – understood
thARpariyam – its purpose/meaning/essence
sErviththAr – and added it to be
aruLichcheyal naduvE – in the center of dhivya prabandhams divined by AzhvArs.


Now, he (maNavALa mAmunigaL) is divining with an example about how AchAryas who research about the meanings of dhivya prabandhams, had researched the greatness of meanings of this AzhvAr’s dhivya prabandham and established it to be in the mid part of dhivya prabandhams (when looking in the order of full recital of the dhivya prabandhams), with ‘vAiththa thirumanthiraththin maththimamAm padham pOl’.

This thirumanthram ‘vAyththa is that it is complete in words and meanings, and so is according to our true nature. It is said too that ‘Sarvam ashtAksharAnthassadham [hArItha smruthi – 3.45]’ (everything is present in this thirumanthram that is of eight letters) – such is the greatness of thirumanthram.

As the etymology/origin for the word manthram is ‘manthrAram thrAya ithi manthra:’ (since it protects the one that deliberates on it, it is called manthram), thirumanthram uplifts from samsAram (life in the material world) those who inquire/deliberate on it. This is as divined in the divine saying (aruLichcheydhu aruLi) of ‘samsAra nivarththakamAna periya thirumanthram [SrI vachana bhUshaNam 315]’. The same is said in ‘sathyassamsAra nAsanam’ (samsAram is destroyed immediately).

maththimamAm padham pOl – Like the middle word which is present in it (thirumanthram) that is namas. That word (nama:) removes the hurdles regarding: svarUpam (true nature of self), upAyam (means), and purushArththam (goal), and tells us about what is svarUpam, upAyam, and purusArththam; also, as said in ‘sidhdhE thadheeya sEshathvE sarvArththAs sambhavanthi hi’ (by being servants of devotees all good are created isn’t it?), this manthram includes servitude to emperumAn’s devotees. It is the meaning of this word that is according to our true nature.

This (prabandham of madhurakavi AzhvAr) is also like this word (nama:) of thirumanthram.

Along the same lines, madhurakavi AzhvAr too, as said in ‘thadhiyAnAm akrEsara:’ (is foremost among devotees) in relation to nammAzhvAr (who is such a devotee), had divined about nammAzhvAr as being the head, protector, true destiny, etc., in his prabandham that is kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu.

seerththa madhurakavi sey kalaiyai – commendable prabandham kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu of this AzhvAr, which he said as ‘madhurakavi sonna sol [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 11]’ (~ words said by madhurakavi), sErviththAr – placed such prabandham (to be in the middle).

seerththa madhurakavi – also says about him having the honor of not knowing any other master.

seerththa sey kalaiyai – More than prathama parvam related (first state, i.e.,subservient to emperumAn), it is charama parvam related (last state, that is, subservient to AchAryan/devotee); such prabandham would be having much greatness isn’t it?   This prabandham includes the greatness of holding the inner meaning of vEdhas as said in ‘mikka vEdhiyar vEdhaththin uL poruL [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 8]’ (inner meanings of vEdham recited by the learned vaidhikas). This prabandham has got the greatness of ‘avar pAsuram koNdu ivvarththam aRudhi idak kadavOm [SrI vachana bhUshaNam – 409]’ (shall show the meaning (of charama parvam) using the prabandham of madhurakavi AzhvAr).

Also, to the divine feet of nammAzhvAr, SrI nAthamunigaL had repeated this prabandham 12000 times, and due to that nammAzhvAr’s mind was soothed, and so all the dhivya prabandhams became available, isn’t it? It is the greatness of this prabandham that that is attributed due to this too.

thiruppuLiyAzhwArthiruppuLi AzhvAr where nAthamunigaL recited kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu 12000 times

In this way this prabandham which is having the greatness of conveying the inner meaning, that is madhurakavi AzhvAr’s prabandham of kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu, they included this in the middle of beautiful dhivya prabandhams.

Arththa pugazh AriyargaL thAngaLAchAryas who follow the way of preceptors, determined the ways of madhurakavi AzhvAr (being dependent on AchAryan), and they have the glory that came due to researching the meanings of dhivya prabandhams;

Arththa pugazh is ‘Arndha pugazh’ similar to what is said in ‘Arndha pugazh achchuthan [thiruvAimozhi – 3.5.11]’ (full of glory).

nammazhwar-madhurakavi-nathamuniAcharyan nAthamunigaL with madhurakavi AzhvAr and nammAzhvAr

Since this prabandham gives the meanings expressed in pathikams like ‘payilum sudar oLi [thiruvAimozhi 3-7]’, and ‘nedumARku adimai [thiruvAimozhi 8-10], the AchAryas researched its greatness in meanings; like how when constructing a garland one would set a central gem store in the middle, due to which the whole garland would brighten up/become meaningful, they included kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu in the middle of other prabandhams such that those prabandhams became meaningful/useful.

This is like how the ‘nama:’ word in the middle brightens up the manthram, this prabandham being in the middle brightens up the dhivya prabandhams.

Like how this AzhvAr’s star day of incarnation, that is chiththirai month’s chiththirai star day is in the middle of thamizh months and is being bright among other months, madhurakavi AzhvAr ‘s prabandham of kaNNinun chiruththAmbu is in the middle of prabandhams

and would enrich those other dhivya prabandhams too.

When considering this prabandham as equivalent to the middle word ‘nama:’ of thirumanthram, then it would be possible to think of all the prabandhams placed before this as giving the meaning of the word prior to nama: in thirumanthram (praNavam), and  prabandhams placed after this as giving the meaning of the word after nama: (that is, nArAyaNa).

To explain that, ‘vEdhaththukku Om ennum adhu pOl [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 19] (like praNavam for vEdham) starting from thiruppallANdu up to the prabandham before kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu are of the meaning of praNavam, kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu standing for the meaning of nama:, and after that, starting from ‘nArAyaNA ennum nAmam [periya thirumozhi 1.1]’, till the thirumadals that include ‘nArAyaNa O maNivaNNa nAgaNaiyAy vArAy en Ar idarai neekkAi’ are of the meaning of ‘nArAyaNa’, and of the meaning of ‘Aya’ of thirumanthram, which signifies that which is related to kainkaryam.

chiththirai month’s chiththirai star day is the incarnation day of thirumalai ananthAzhvAn too who is a follower of the words of AchAryan, isn’t it? That is why he got the dhAsya name of madhurakavi dhAsan.

– – – – – –

English Translation: raghurAm SrInivAsa dhAsan

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upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 15

srImathE satakOpAya nama:
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pAsuram – 15

uNdO vaikAsi visAkaththukku oppu oru nAL
uNdO satakOparkku oppu oruvar – uNdO
thiruvAimozhikku oppu then kurugaikku uNdO
oru pAr thanil okkum Ur                                                                       15


Word by word meaning

vaikAsi visAkaththukku – For the visAka star day of vaikAsi month
uNdO – is there
oru nAL – any day that is
oppu – equal;
satakOparkku – for nammAzhvAr
uNdO – is there
oruvar – any one who is
oppu – equal;
thiruvAimozhikku – for thiruvAimozhi prabandham
uNdO – is there a prabandham
pAr thanil – in the earth that is
oppu – equal;
then kurugaikku – for AzhvAr thirunagari that is on the south
uNdO – is there
oru Ur – any place that is
okkum – equal;

No is the answer.


He is involving in the abundant experience of talking to himself about the place, time, and the prabandhams divined by the AzhvAr whom he mentioned in previous pAsuram.

uNdo vaikAsi visAkaththukku oppu oru nAL – Is there any day that can equal this divine vaikAsi day that is born to do mangaLAsAsanam, for sarvEsvaran and all his abodes to grow well? The day of birth of emperumAn as said in ‘nee pirandha thiru nannAL [periyAzhvAr thirumozhi 23.8] (the auspicious good day You were born) – can even that equal the day of incarnation of this AzhvAr who is said as ‘krushNa thrushNA thathvam [srI rangarAja sthavam, pUrva sathakam – 6] (AzhvAr could be said to be in the form of love for krishNan)?

There, in krishNan’s birth, only some people here and there like akrUrar, mAlAkArar, kUni, chinthayanthI, or a few such only were reformed to be amicable. Here AzhvAr‘s birth is such that, as emperumAn said starting with ‘thAnaham dhvishatha: krUrAn’ to ‘kshipAmi’ [bhagavath gIthA 16-19] (~ I punish those who disrespect my devotees by pushing them into asura births), even those whom He would reject, it is the day of incarnation of AzhvAr who would create interest in such people toward emperumAn such that they too cannot bear the separation from Him – as AzhvAr said in ‘nin kaN vEtkai ezhuvippanE [thiruviruththam – 16]’ (~will motivate to be thirsty for You).  { that is the greatness here compared to emperumAn‘s incarnation}.

uNdO satakOparkku oppu oruvar – Starting from his incarnation, he was a remover of bad/ignorant minds of such people; having true depth of knowledge – such is the glory of knowledge of AzhvAr; even if inquired in all the worlds do we hear anyone equaling him?

What with food, water, etc., what with ripe fruits, etc., what with ‘appAl mudhalAi ninRa aLappariya Aramudhu [thirunedunthANtakam – 14]’ {here it may mean food that is like nectar} – the samsAris are involved in sustaining, growing, and enjoying with these things; starting from such kind of people, can they ever be compared to this AzhvAr who is of the type ‘nAttArOdu iyal(vu) ozhindhu nAraNanai naNNi [thiruvAimozhi 10.6.2]’ (~ connections with the people of the (material) place got removed, and got nArAyaNan), and ‘ellAm kaNNan [thiruvAimozhi 6.6.1]’ (~ food, water, everything is krishNan for me), and such AzhvAr cannot be equaled by even the nithyasUris.


‘nainAr’ (as referred by the commentator) (azhagiya maNavALap perumAL nAyanAr) divined too – other than nithyasUris (that is, like rishis) “pala sAdhana dhEvathAntharangaLil ivargaL ninaivu pEchchilE thOnRumpadi irukkum [AchArya hrudhayam – 62]” (compared to maharishis whose speeches would indicate that the goal is to reach emperumAn, or that karma/gyAna/bhakthi are the means, or that it is acceptable to pray to the demi-gods, AzhvAr’s speech is that bhagavath kainkaryam is the goal, that emperumAn is the means, and that even forgetfully we should not pray to demi-gods; so they cannot be compared to AzhvAr).

Or, for nithyasUris, that place is like ‘theLi visumbu thirunAdu [thiruvAimozhi 9.7.5] (~ radiant, in knowledge) such that it is amicable for them to enjoy emperumAn all the time. Here, this place is like ‘viNNuLAr perumARkkadimai seyvAraiyum seRum aym pulan ivai [thiruvAimozhi 7.1.6]’ (~ the five senses would trouble even those who are subservient to emperumAn). Such ‘iruL tharumA gyAlam [upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 72] (this world that feeds ignorance), would not make it easy to enjoy emperumAn.

In such a birth, there is only AzhvAr who spends time only in enjoying emperumAn. Isn’t that why it is ‘sudhurlabha:’ (bhagavath gIthA) {Or oruvar uNdAgil aththanai kAN – upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 55}.

– As said in “mARuLadhO immaNNin misai [thiruvAimozhi 6.4.9]” (Is there anyone matching me in this world?), and

– “iniyAvar nigar agal vAnaththE [thiruvAimozhi 4.5.8]” (who would equal me even in that other big world (~when I have been given opportunity to sing thiruvAimozhi on emperumAn)).

So AzhvAr himself divined by his words that there is no equal in both this world and the other world, isn’t it?

When asked: So in this way, if we say satakOpan, he is meant as above everyone, this mahAthmA incarnated and is worshiped by the whole world, and if there is no equal to him or to his grand star day,

then is there anything equal to his words that is thiruvAimozhi and for the place of his incarnation?

Even that is also not there, says maNavALa mAmunigaL, as:

uNdO thiruvAimozhikku oppu then kurugaikku uNdO oru pAr thannil okkum Ur.

uNdO thiruvAimozhikku oppu – AzhvAr who is ‘thirumAlAl aruLap peRRa [thiruvAimozhi 8.8.11)’ (given unblemished knowledge (mayarvaRa mathi nalam (thiruvAimozhi 1.1.1)) by emperumAn), and ‘thirumAlavan kavi [thiruviruththam – 48]’ – his experience of emperumAn did not contain itself like said in ‘suzhi pattOdum [thiruvAimozhi 8.10.5] (like a flood with a vortex), like said in ‘avAvil anthAdhigaLAl ivai Ayiramum [thiruvAimozhi 10.10.11]’ (the thousand pAsurams in anthAdhi style, that came out of devotion) the thiruvAimozhi got caught in AzhvAr’s bhakthi and it incarnated.

Can the words that came out of dharma, strength, knowledge, happiness, etc., match the words of thiruvAimozhi that is out of devotion and is essence of nAlAyira dhivya prabandham?

Other words are like the sound of sea waves (no meaning/use). So, as said in ‘aruL koNdu Ayiram in thamizh pAdinAn [kaNNinuNchiruththAmbu – 8] (~ he sang one thousand sweet pAsurams in beautiful thamizh due to his mercy), this thiruvAimozhi that incarnated due to his kindness/mercy would not be having any equals.

then kurugaikku uNdO oru pAr thanil okkum Ur – Like how there is none equal to AzhvAr in this world or the other world, this place (of his incarnation) also does not have any place that equals it.

Tree in AzhvAr thirunagarI (kurugai) where nammAzhvAr stayed

Even if searched in eighteen worlds, is there any place that equals kurugai vaLampathi? Even if it is there (srIvaikuNtam), it is more like saying together ‘thirunAdu vAzhi then kurugai vAzhi [iyal sARRu]’ (long live srIvaikuNtam long live then kurugai). Shall have to say ‘thirunagarikku oppAriyuNdO’.

It is too divined as ‘ARRil thuRaiyil Uril uLLa vaishamyam vAchAmagOcharam [AchArya hrudhayam 80]’ (~ can’t be said in words the difference between this place and the others).

then kurugai – This place is a jewel for the (difficult?) samsAram, as said in ‘nallAr palar vAzhum kurugUr [thiruvAimozhi 8.2.11]’, and as ‘sayap pugazhAr palar vAzhum thadam kurugUr [thiruvAimozhi 3.1.11]’ – such is the grand kurugUr that is srI nagarI (AzhvAr thirunagarI) (wealthy city), isn’t it?

Also, it is meant as this place is in the southern direction.

Thus maNavALa mAmunigAL divined about this divine star day, about AzhvAr who incarnated, about thiruvAimozhi, and thirunagarI, after considering their unequaled greatness.

This visAka star day is of significance in ikshvAku dynasty as said by noble people, and this AzhvAr also got the same star day of incarnation and greatness as said in ‘rushImjushAmahE [parAnkusa ashtakam – 3] (we prostrate before satakOpa muni).

– – – –

English Translation: raghurAm srInivAsa dhAsan

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upadhEsa raththina mAlai – 14

srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

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pAsuram 14

ERAr vaikAsi visAkaththin ERRaththaip
pArOr aRiyap pagarkinREn – seerArum
vEdham thamizh seydha meyyan ezhil kurugai
nAthan avadhariththa nAL                                                       14


Word by word meaning

Ar – filled with
Er – beauty
vaikAsi – (is the) month of vaikAsi
visAkaththin – star day of visAkam;
pArOr – (For) those in the earth
aRiya – to know
ERRaththai – its glory,
pagarginREn – I shall say (about it; that is),
Arum – filled with
seer – glory
vEdham – that is vEdhas
seydha – is divined
thamizh – in thamizh language
meyyan – (by the one who is) truthful
ezhil – (who is the) beautiful
nAthan – master, that is nammAzhvAr;
avadhariththa – (it is his) divine incarnation
nAL – day.


He who is having other AzhvArs as his parts, who divined the popularity of meanings of vEdhAnthams through thiruvAimozhi, who is the head of (AzhvAr) thirunagari, that is nammAzhvAr – for everyone in the earth to know this AzhvAr’s incarnation day of visAka star, I shall divine about it in an exclusive way, says maNavALa mAmunigaL.

ErAr etc. – In the pAsurams till now he had divined about the months in the calendar order, now since there is no incarnation of AzhvArs in the month of panguni, and even though in the month after that which is chiththirai there are incarnations of madhurakavi AzhvAr and emperumAnAr, since he is currently listing the ten AzhvArs’ incarnation details, he has skipped them and is starting here with ‘ErAr vaikAsi’.

vaikAsi having beauty is about – Since it is mAdhava month (spring) it is having the period of blossoming flowers. The place of incarnation is rich in ‘koththalar pozhil [thiruvAimozhi 6.7.1] (groves full of flowers in bunches), and in ‘kuyil ninRAr pozhil [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu – 10] (cuckoos joyfully singing near the groves), so it is said as ‘ErAr vaikAsi visAkam’.

‘ErAr’ (full of beauty) is also an adjective for visAkam. Then it is to be decorated as ‘thiru visAgath thirunAL’ (auspicious day of visAkam). In all the dhivya dhEsams it is celebrated with consuming milk and fruits. That is, ‘pAl mAngAi’.

About such day’s greatness –

pArOr aRiyap pagarginREn – (saying for everyone in the world to know) – I shall talk about the glory of vaikAsi visAkam that is AzhvAr’s incarnation day, for everyone around. His (maNavALa mAmunigaL’s) love is making him talk to ensure that there is no one who would not love about this (day).

Now it talks about the reason for all these –

seerArum, etcGreatness for vEdham are – not created by anyone {so no bias, etc.}, always existing {eternal – available at all times}, and faultless {so can be followed} – and so it having the wealth of being the ultimate reference/authority. AzhvAr too said ‘sudar migu suruthiyuL [thiruvAimozhi 1.1.7]’ (abundantly radiant vEdham (being self-evident/reference)). It is also about the second part of vEdham which talk about nature, form, and qualities of sarvEsvaran referred as para brahmam who is the husband of lakshmI. It is to be said, ‘yaSruthEruththaram bhAgam chakrE thrAvida bhAshAyA [parAnkusa ashtakam – 7]’ (he (nammAzhvAr) who created in thamizh the second part of vEdham that is upanishath).

vEdam thamizh seidha – Creating it in thamizh is – as said in ‘eidharkku ariya maRaigaLai Ayiram in thamizhAl seidharkku ulagil varum satakOpanai [rAmAnusa nURRanthAdhi – 18] (satakOpan who incarnated and created in sweet thamizh one thousand pAsurams that represent the hard vEdhas), vEdhas have limitations for learning, it is not possible for all sentient ones to learn and reach the true goal.

nammAzhvAr provided its meanings in detail in sweet thamizh for everyone to be able learn and use it and reach the true goal. It is to be said ‘vERu onRum nAn aRiyEn vEdham thamizh seidha mARan satakOpan [kaNNinuN chiruththAmbu thaniyan], and ‘arumaRaigaL anthAdhi seydhAn [thiruvAimozhi thaniyan], to say the same.

meyyan – All that was divined are based on vEdham so we have the faith in it.

ezhil kurugai nAthan – As saying ‘kurugUrch chatakOpan’, (satakOpan of kurugUr), for all these the reason is being born in that place (kurugUr that is AzhvAr thirunagari). Even though there is one emperumAn named ‘Adhip pirAn’ there, everything happens there under the mastership of this AzhvAr only. Even though he is the paran and AzhvAr is the jIvan, it is Azhvar’s leadership that He is establishing there. As said in ‘nalan idai Urdhi paNNi vIdum peRuththith than mUvulagum tharun oru nAyagam [thiruvAimozhi 3.10.11]((benefit of learning this padhikam would be that He would) make one be involved in subservience to emperumAn and His devotees, will give mOksham, and make one like a head of all His three worlds) {such is emperumAn, that he makes this AzhvAr as the head}.


ezhil kurugai – (beautiful kurugai (AzhvAr thirunagari)) – Having the decorations of a city. That is, like ‘kunRam pol maNi mAdam (thiruvAimozhi 4.10.1) (having buildings tall like a collection of mountains), ‘mAdalar pozhil [thiruvAimozhi 3.4.11]’ (dotted by blossoming groves), ‘sErth thada [thiruvAimozhi 1.2.11]’ (having dense set of ponds), and ‘Er vaLam [thiruvAimozhi 5.1.11] (having fertile/abundant paddy etc., fields)’. It is also said as ‘kattezhil then kurugUr [thiruvAimozhi 6.6.11](kurugUr having the beauty of protective walls).

As said in ‘jagathAbharanam vakuLAbharanar’, he is like a jewel for the world, and the beauty to this place can also be due to his incarnation there.


ezhil – (beauty) – is like a adjective to AzhvAr, and can also be about the beauty that came due to his srIvaishNava decorations – gyAna, bhakthi, vairAgyam.

ezhil kurugai nAthan avadhariththa nAL – As said in ‘Urum nAdum ulagamum thannaip pOl [thiruvAimozhi 6.7.2]’ (he (AzhvAr) can make the place, country, and the world to always babble emperumAn’s name and other things), such AzhvAr ‘s day of incarnation.

AzhvAr who can show the way for the people in the samsAram (material world) to attain true goal, incarnated; similarly this great day among all the different days has come for us.

So due to his extreme kindness, maNavALa mAmunigAL has revealed this precious secret for us.

– – – –

English Translation: raghurAm srInivAsa dhAsan

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