Author Archives: Sarathy Thothathri

About Sarathy Thothathri

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), presently living under the shade of the lotus feet of jagathAchArya SrI rAmAnuja, SrIperumbUthUr. Learned sampradhAyam principles from (varthamAna) vAdhi kEsari azhagiyamaNavALa sampathkumAra jIyar swamy, vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Engaged in translating our AzhwArs/AchAryas works in Simple thamizh and English, and coordinating the translation effort in many other languages. Also engaged in teaching dhivyaprabandham, sthOthrams, bhagavath gIthA etc and giving lectures on various SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam related topics in thamizh and English regularly. Taking care of koyil.org portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. koyil.org is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust (varavaramuni.com) initiatives.

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.6 – thiN padai

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

thiN padaik kOLariyin uruvAyth
thiRalOn agalam seruvil muna nAL
puN padap pOzhndha pirAnadhu idam
poru mAdangaL sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
veNkudai nIzhal sengOl nadappa
vidai velkodi vERpadai mun uyarththa
paNbudaip pallavar kOn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

thiN – strong (divine nail)
padai – weapon
kOL – having strength
ariyin uruvAy – being in the form of narasimha
thiRalOn – very strong hiraNya’s
agalam – chest
muna nAL – previously
seruvil – in battle
puN pada – to become wounded
pOzhndha – split
pirAnadhu – for the benefactor
idam – abode
poru – joined with each other
mAdangaL sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi – beautiful kAnchIpuram surrounded by mansions
veN kudai nIzhal – under the white umbrella signifying being an emperor
sengOl nadappa – having his orders carried out
vel – showing victory
vidaik kodi – snake flag
vEl – spear
padai mun – in front of the army
uyarththa – one who raised high
paNbu udai – having beautiful nature
pallavarkOn – pallava king
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

Being in the form of narasimha having strong weapon and strength, previously in the battle, split the chest of very strong hiraNya to wound it; the abode of such benefactor is paramESvara viNNagaram in beautiful kAnchIpuram surrounded by mansions joined with each other, where pallava king who was having his orders carried out under the white umbrella signifying being an emperor, who is having beautiful nature and who raised high the snake flag and spear in front of the army, signifying victory.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

thiN padai … – Being narasimha, having the divine nail as weapon which will not fear hiraNya’s body, to cause wound in very strong hiraNya’s chest in the battle.

poru … – poru – match; being joined with each other.

veN kudai … – Having the strength to conduct his orders in the country, with only his white victorious umbrella. vidai, vidam, viRal. vidai – young snake; vidam – poison, implies snake; viRal – having strength, one who previously raised the flag which implies victory and the spear.

paNbu udai … – Having beautiful nature. Surrendered by such pallava king.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
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SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.5 – thUmbudaith

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

thUmbudaith thiNkai vanthAL kaLiRRin
thuyar thIrththu aravam veruva muna nAL
pUmbunal poygai pukkAn avanukku idandhAn
thadam sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
thEmbozhil kunReyil thennavanaith
thisaippach cheru mEl viyandhu anRu senRa
pAmbudaip pallavar kOn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

thUmbudai – having hole
thiN – strong
kai – trunk
val – strong
thAL – leg
kaLiRRin – SrI gajEndhrAzhwAn’s
thuyar – sorrow
thIrththu – eliminated
aravam – kALiya, the snake
veruva – to fear
muna nAL – previously
pUm punal poygai – into the pond which is filled with beautiful water
pukkAnavanukku – for the one who jumped
idam – abode
thadam – by ponds
sUzhndhu – surrounded by
azhagAya kachchi – in beautiful kAnchIpuram
thEn – having honey
pozhil – garden
kunRu – like a mountain
eyil – having fort
thennavan – pANdiyan
thisaippa – to become bewildered
anRu – previously
seru mEl – in battle
viyandhu – with great desire
senRa – who arrived
pAmbu udai – having snake as his flag
pallavarkOn – pallava king
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

emperumAn eliminated the sorrow of SrI gajEndhrAzhwAn who was having a strong trunk with hole and strong legs; previously emperumAn had jumped into the pond which is filled with beautiful water to cause fear in kALiya, the snake; such emperumAn’s abode is paramESvara viNNagaram in beautiful kAnchIpuram which is surrounded by ponds, where pallava king surrendered to the dhivyadhESam, and where he who is having snake flag came with great desire in the battle previously to cause bewilderment in pANdiyan who is having garden filled with honey and mountain like fort [in his town].

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

thUmbudai … – For SrI gajEndhrAzhwAn who is having a strong trunk with hole, having strong leg, emperumAn eliminated the sorrow inflicted by the crocodile.

aravam … – When kALiya poisoned a pond, emperumAn jumped into the pond to frighten him and make him run away.

thEn pozhil … – pallava king reached with great desire to battle thennavan (pANdiya king) who had the garden filled with honey in his surrounding, and mountain like fort, and caused bewilderment to him.

pAmbudai … – It is said that pallavan won over nAgalOkam and made snake his flag; the place where he surrendered.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
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SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.4 – aNdamum

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

aNdamum eNdhisaiyum nilanum
malai nIrodu vAn erikAl mudhalA
uNdavan endhai pirAnadhu idam
oLi mAdangaL sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
viNdavar iNdaik kuzhAmudanE
viraindhAr iriyach cheruvil munindhu
paNdu orukAl vaLaiththAn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

aNdamum – oval shaped universes
eNdhisaiyum – eight directions
nilanum – earth
alai – rising waves
nIrodu – oceans
vAn – sky
eri – fire
kAl – air
mudhalA – etc
uNdavan – one who mercifully consumed
endhai pirAnadhu – for one who is my clan’s lord
idam – abode
oLi – shining
mAdangaL – by mansions
sUzhndhu – surrounded
azhagAya – beautiful
kachchi – in kAnchIpuram town
seruvil – in battle
viraindhArudanE – with those who rushed towards
viNdavar – of the enemies
iNdai – gathered
kuzhAm – crowd
iriya – to break and disperse
munindhu – showed anger
paNdu orukAl – previously
vaLaiththAn – pallava king who launched his bow
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

The abode of my clan’s lord who mercifully consumed oval shaped universes, eight directions, earth, oceans with rising waves, sky, fire, air etc is paramESvara viNNagaram in the beautiful kAnchIpuram town which is surrounded by shining mansions; pallava king who surrendered to such emperumAn, previously showed his anger and launched his bow to break and disperse the gathered crowd of enemies and those who rushed towards him in the battle there.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

aNdamum … – Oval shaped universe, eight directions, earth, those which are the cause and which are the effect were kept in his stomach and were protected by him.

endhai pirAnadhu idam – He is the lord of my father. Implies, the lord of our clan.

oLi … – In kAnchIpuram which is surrounded by gem-studded, shining mansions.

viNdavar … – seruvil – in battle; viraindhavar – those who approach with great force, raising the dust from the ground and approaching saying “Show us! Show us!”

With them,

viNdavar iNdaik kuzhAm iriya – To make the dense crowd of enemies to break and run away.

munindhu – Showing anger.

paNdu … – Surrendered by the one who previously, launched his bow.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.3 – urandharu mellaNai

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

urandharu mellaNaip paLLi koNdAn
orukAl munnam mAvuruvAyk kadaluL
varandharu mAmaNi vaNNanidam
maNi mAdangaL sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
nirandhavar maNNaiyil puNNugar vEl
neduvAyil ugach cheruvil muna nAL
parandhavan pallavar kOn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

munnam oru kAl – Once, previously
mA uruvAy – having a distinguished form
kadaluL – in thiruppARkadal
uram tharum – strong
mel – tender
aNai – on thiruvananthAzhwAn
paLLi koNdAn – being the one who mercifully rested
varam tharum – one who fulfils (everyone’s) desires
mA maNi – like a chinthAmaNi (touchstone)
vaNNan – for the one who is having the nature
idam – abode
maNi – filled with gems
mAdangaL sUzhndhu – surrounded by mansions
azhagAya kachchi – in the beautiful kAnchIpuram town
maNNaiyil – in the capital city named maNNai
nirandhavar – enemies
puN – flesh
nugar – consuming
vEl – spear’s
neduvAyil – in the huge mouth
uga – to have (them) destroyed
muna nAL – previously
seruvil – in the battle
parandhavan – one who engaged fully
pallavarkOn – pallava king
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

emperumAn, once, previously having a distinguished form, mercifully rested on the strong and tender thiruvananthAzhwAn in thiruppARkadal; he is having the nature of chinthAmaNi which fulfils desires; the abode of such emperumAn is paramESvara viNNagaram which is surrounded by mansions filled with precious gems and is in maNNai, the capital of the beautiful kAnchIpuram town where the pallava king who previously fully engaged in the battle to have the enemies destroyed in the huge mouth of the spear which consumes the flesh of those enemies, surrendered to such emperumAn there.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

uram … – As said in sthOthra rathnam 39 “prakrushta vigyAna balaika dhAmani” (One who is the abode of great knowledge and strength), thiruvananthAzhwAn is having the ability to bear even if bhagavAn and his consorts jump on him and is having the tenderness to flexibly adapt himself  based on the divine heart of bhagavAn; in thiruppARkadal, on such thiruvananthAzhwAn, previously, emperumAn mercifully rested with the best form.

varam … – The abode of emperumAn who is granting all desires, being aruLALap perumAL (one who mercifully bestows boons),

In the beautiful kAnchIpuram which is surrounded by gem studded mansions.

nirandhavar … – maNNai is the name of the river and the capital city; just as “thiruchchiRRARu” is the name of both the river and the dhivyadhESam. There are enemies in that capital city; their puN – flesh; the spear which will consume those enemies with its huge mouth; the enemies becoming prey to that spear and be killed. His valour/masculinity is respected by thirumangai AzhwAr himself. The king is respected by thirumangai AzhwAr who is greatly valourous in every field as said in periya thirumozhi 2.4.10 “kadamA kaLi yAnai vallAn” (one who can control very joyful, intoxicated elephant), periya thirumozhi 5.8.10 “AdalmA valavan” (one who can ride the great horse named AdalmA) and in periya thirumozhi 3.9.10 “maruvalar tham udal thuNiya vAL vIsum parakAlan” (parakAlan who launches his sword to sever the bodies of enemies). This is similar to SrI rAmAyaNam yudhdha kANdam 104.6 “ranjanIyasya” (SrI rAma’s valour is liked even by his enemies).

seruvil … – He destroyed all the enemies in the battle and remained pervaded everywhere.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.2 – kArmannu

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

kArmannu nIL visumbum kadalum
sudarum nilanum malaiyum than undhith
thArmannu thAmaraik kaNNanidam
thadam mAmadhiL sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
thErmannu thennavanai munaiyil seruvil
thiRal vAttiya thiNsilaiyOn
pArmannu pallavar kOn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

kAr mannu – clouds remaining fixed
nIL visumbum – the great sky
kadalum – oceans
sudarum – chandhra (moon) and sUrya (sun)
nilanum – earth
malaiyum – anchoring mountains
than undhith thAr – in the flower which is in his divine navel
mannu – remaining
thAmaraik kaNNan – for puNdarIkAkshan (lotus-eyed lord)
idam – residence
thadam – by ponds
mA – tall
madhiL – forts
sUzhndhu – surrounded by
azhagAya – beautiful
kachchi – in kAnchIpuram town
thEr mannu – great charioteer
thennavanai – pANdiyan
seruvil munaiyil – in the battle field
thiRal – strength
vAttiya – destroyed
thiN – firm
silaiyOn – one who has the bow
pAr – (his vIraSrI – the wealth of valour) on the earth
mannu – made it remain firmly
pallavarkOn – pallava king
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

In the flower in puNdarIkAkshan emperumAn’s divine navel, the great sky with clouds, oceans, moon and sun, earth, and anchoring mountains are present; the abode of such emperumAn is paramESvara viNNagaram which is in beautiful kAnchIpuram town which is surrounded by ponds, tall forts, and where the pallava king who has the firm bow which destroyed the strength of pANdiyan, the great charioteer and who made his wealth of valour remain firmly on the earth and where such king surrendered to such emperumAn there.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

kAr … – AzhwAr’s attachment is such that he did not see any difference between chakravarthith thirumagan (SrI rAma) vanquishing rAvaNa and pallava king vanquishing his enemies.

kAr … – Sky which is roamed by the clouds, moon and sun who live in such sky, ocean surrounding the earth, the earth which is bound by the ocean, the mountains which seem to be anchoring such earth are all present in the divine navel flower. The abode of such puNdarIkAkshan.

In the beautiful kAnchIpuram, which is surrounded by ponds and forts.

thEr … – pANdiyan who is a great charioteer who can travel/fight by remaining on a chariot.

seruvil – In the battle field.

munaiyil – In the forefront of the battle, the one who has the valour of the firm bow which destroyed the strength.

pAr … – One whose wealth of valour remained even after his demise.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9.1 – sollu

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Ninth decad

Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

sollu van soRporuL thAnavaiyAych
chuvai URu oli nARRamum thORRamumAy
nallaran nAnmugan nAraNanukku idandhAn
thadam sUzhndhu azhagAya kachchi
pallavan villavan enRu ulagil
palarAyp pala vEndhar vaNangu kazhal
pallavan mallaiyar kOn paNindha
paramEchchura viNNagaram adhuvE

Word-by-Word meanings

sollu – word
van sol – (more than that) the vEdham which is difficult to attain
poruL – meanings of vEdham
avai – for those
thAn Ay – being the controller
suvaiyum – taste
URum – touch
oliyum – sound
nARRamum – fragrance
thORRamum – for form which is seen by eyes
Ay – being the controller
nal – being the benefactor
aran – being the antharyAmi for rudhra who destroys
nAraNan – being nArAyaNa (who protects in his original form)
nAnmuganukku – for sarvESvaran who is the antharyAmi of brahmA who creates
idam thAn – the abode
thadam – by ponds
sUzhndhu – being surrounded
azhagAya – being beautiful
kachchi – in kAnchi town
pallavan enRu – known as pallavan
villavan enRu – and known as villavan
palarAy – countless
ulagil – who ruled in this world
pala vEndhar – many kings
vaNangu – worship
kazhal – having brave feet
mallaiyar – for the residents of thirukkadalmallai which is known as mallApuri
kOn – king
pallavan – one who is known as pallavan
paNindha – surrendered
paramEchchura viNNagaram – paramESvara viNNagaram

Simple translation

sarvESvaran is the controller of words, the vEdham which is difficult to attain and the meanings of vEdham; he is the controller of taste, touch, sound, fragrance and form which is seen by eyes; being the antharyAmi, he is the controller of rudhra who destroys and who is a benefactor; he is the antharyAmi of brahmA who creates; the abode for such sarvESvaran is paramESvara viNNagaram which is in the beautiful town kAnchI which is surrounded by ponds; this dhivyadhESam is surrendered by the king known as pallavan who is having brave feet and is the king for the residents of thirukkadalmallai which is known as mallApuri, and who is worshipped by countless kings who ruled in this world namely pallavan, villavan et al.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

sollu – The words which can reveal the meaning of what is not seen through sense perception etc.

van sol – The vEdham which is eternal in comparison with the worldly words.

poruL – The meanings of vEdham which are difficult to grasp.

thAn avai Ay – being the controller for those.

suvai … – Being the controller for Sabdham (sound) etc which are to be pursued by those who desire for aiSvaryam (worldly wealth) which is one of the goals revealed in vEdham.

suvai … – taste, touch, sound, fragrance, form which is target of eyes.

nal aran … – AzhwAr is saying that emperumAn is the cause for creation etc of universe which is to be pursued by those who seek liberation.

nal aran – Being the antharyAmi of rudhra who destroys the world as a noble act for the AthmAs who are suffering due to their karma, just as a father will keep a rogue child shackled in his hands and feet; protecting the AthmAs, remaining in his original form; being the antharyAmi of brahmA, sarvESvaran who creates; the abode of such sarvESvaran is.

thadam … – In kAnchI which is surrounded by good water bodies.

pallavan … – In those days, there were kings named pallavan, villavan et al. emperumAn is having the divine feet to be worshipped by those kings and their relatives.

mallaiyar … – thirukkadalmallai is his capital city; paramESvara viNNagaram which is surrendered by such king, named pallavan.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

periya thirumozhi – 2.9 – sollu

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periya thirumozhi >> Second Centum

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thirumangai AzhwAr meditated upon how thoNdaimAn chakravarthi acted favourably in thiruvattabuyagaram as in periya thirumozhi 2.8.10 “mannavan thoNdaiyar kOn vaNangum nILmudi mAlai” (sarvESvaran who has tall crown was worshipped in thiruvattabuyagaram by thoNdaimAn chakravarthi). In that context, there was a king named “pallavan” who acted very favourably, and increased emperumAn’s divine ornaments to manifold [Why are those ornaments not seen now?] Subsequently, a chOLa king took all those ornaments and placed in his treasury. Now, this AzhwAr would consider anyone with even a little bit of inclination towards bhagavAn, to be his goal. Due to that, as all his aspects of such pallavan are dear to him, he is joyfully talking about them.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

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periya thirumozhi – 2.8.10 – mannavan thoNdaiyar kOn

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periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Eighth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

mannavan thoNdaiyar kOn vaNangum
nILmudi mAlai vayiramEgan
than vali than pugazh sUzhndha kachchi
attabuyakaraththu Adhi thannai
kanni nan mAmadhiL mangai vEndhan
kAmaru sIrk kalikanRi kunRA
innisaiyAl sonna senjol mAlai
Eththa vallArkku idam vaigundhamE

Word-by-Word meanings

vayiramEgan – Named vayiramEgan
mannavan – king
thoNdaiyarkOn – by thoNdaimAn chakravarthi
vaNangum – worshipped (due to that)
nIL mudi – having tall crown
mAl – being sarvESvaran
than – that king’s
vali – by strength
than pugazh – by his fame
sUzhndha – being abundant
kachchi – in kAnchIpuram city
attabuyagaraththu – mercifully present in thiruvattabuyagaram
Adhi thannai – on the cause of all
kanni – indestructable by anyone
nal – good
mA – huge
madhiL – surrounded by fort
mangai – for thirumangai region
vEndhan – being the king
kAmaru – liked by all
sIr – having qualities
kali kanRi – thirumangai AzhwAr
kunRA – faultless
in – sweet
isaiyAl – with music
sonna – mercifully spoke
sem – beautiful
sol mAlai – with this thirumozhi (decad) which has garland of words
Eththa vallArkku – for those who praise
idam – abode
vaigundham – paramapadham

Simple translation

thirumangai AzhwAr, who is the king of thirumangai region which is surrounded by indestructable, good, huge fort and whose qualities are liked by all, mercifully spoke this faultless decad with sweet music on sarvESvaran who has tall crown; emperumAn was worshipped in thiruvattabuyagaram by thoNdaimAn chakravarthi who is named as vayiramEgan and whose strength and fame are abundant in kAnchIpuram city; those who praise emperumAn with this beautiful decad which has a garland of words, will have paramapadham as their abode.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

mannavan … – thoNdaimAn chakravarthi, the king; after he worshipped giving up his ego and pride, ISvaran acquired the crown nicely and his sarvESvarathvam (being the lord of all) became firmly established. Previously, there were two lords (paramAthmA and jIvAthmA claiming lordship).

vayiramEgan – vaiyramEgan is his (family) name.

than vali … – His strength with which he can win over the enemies and his protection which acquired him fame, were in abundance. AzhwAr praised in this decad, the lord of the universe who is mercifully standing in thiruvattabuyagaram.

kanni … – AzhwAr is the leader of everyone in thirumangai which is surrounded by the fort which remains a protective layer and is also appearing ever-fresh; AzhwAr has SrIvaishNava lakshmi (the wealth of kainkaryam) which is desired by all.

kunRA … – Not losing its significance, having music which will attract those who hear it, the pAsurams which are very helpful in worshipping bhagavAn.

Eththa vallArkku idam vaigundhamE – Instead of suffering like AzhwAr in seeing emperumAn through uruvu veLippAdu (visualisation) and informing to others, as said in yajur vEdham “dhEvai: saha mAdham madhEma”  (We will enjoy with nithyasUris in a group), they will enter paramapadham where there is eternal enjoyment.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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periya thirumozhi – 2.8.9 – thanjam ivarkku

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SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Eighth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

thanjam ivarkku en vaLaiyum nillA
nenjamum thammadhE sindhiththERku
vanji marungul nerunga nOkki
vAy thiRandhu onRu paNiththadhu uNdu
nanjamudaiththu ivar nOkkum nOkkam
nAn ivar thammai aRiya mAttEn
anjuvan maRRu ivarAr kol? enna
attabuyakaraththEn enRArE

Word-by-Word meanings

en – my
vaLaiyum – bangles
thanjam – surely
ivarkku – for him
nillA – they are not staying (they are slipping)
sindhiththERku – I have analysed this, my
nenjamum – heart
thammadhE – is his;
vanji – like a tender creeper named nIr vanji
marungul – waist
nerunga – to become weak
nOkki – saw
vAy thiRandhu – opening his divine mouth
paNiththadhu – mercifully spoke
onRu uNdu – there was a very secretive meaning
nOkkum nOkkam – his vision
nanjum udaiththu – appears to be poisoned;
nAn – I
ivar thammai – him
aRiya mAttEn – unable to know;
maRRu – further (as soon as I saw him)
anjuvan – became fearful;
ivar Ar kol? enna – when asked “Who is he?”
attabuyagaraththEn – I am the lord of thiruvattabuyagaram
enRAr – mercifully said

Simple translation

My bangles are surely not staying on my hands, for him; for me who has analysed this, my heart is his; he saw me to make my waist which is like a tender creeper named nIr vanji, become weak; when he opened his divine mouth and mercifully spoke, there was a very secretive meaning; his vision appears to be poisoned; I am unable to know him; further, I became fearful; when asked “Who is he?”, he mercifully said “I am the lord of thiruvattabuyagaram”.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

thanjam … – Surely, my bangles will stay on my hand, for him; they are his, but were just having my hand as their residence. SrI vishNu purANam 5.18.29 “Saithilyam upayAnthyASu karEshu valayAnyapi” (As krishNa left, our bangles also left us). Just like him, the bangles also are not sticking to me. They are comparable to his previous actions.

en vaLaiyum – It is only my bewilderment which made me think they are mine; as soon as he came near, they became his.

Even if the external items are like this, I thought “Will the internal aspects remain with me?”

nenjamum thammadhE sindhiththERku – (thiruvAimozhi 7.9.10uRReNNil adhuvumaRRAngavan thannadhu” (if we aptly tried to determine [offering] my soul as the favour in return, in that state of favouring in return, since that soul is exclusively subservient to him)) While superficially it remained as mine, when I analysed, the ornament inside (mind) is also his.

vanji … – Already the waist remains very fragile that those who touch it will be blamed saying “cracked it; broke it”. Instead of showing mercy on it, stared at it to weaken it further.

vAy … – I cannot reveal to you what he said during uruvu veLippAdu (visualisation). While the words which were spoken remain, she is focussing on how he opened his mouth and spoke and hence saying “vAy thiRandhu“.

onRu – Even now, if he says it, I can say the same. I cannot remember the same and repeat afterwards. It is implied that he said something along the lines of “looks like your waist is breaking, can I embrace you to stop your waist from breaking?”

nanjam … – His vision seems to finish us at the end. Looks like he was trying to execute what he was saying. It looks like he is thinking to materialise the words he spoke and make it happen.

nAn … – I am unable to know whether he is trying to protect us or kill us.

anjuvan – His words are not bad; still when I looked at both him and me, I am becoming fearful.

When asked “Who is he?”

attabuyagaram – Don’t fear for me hearing my words; he said “to eliminate your fear, I am here as one amongst all of you”.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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periya thirumozhi – 2.8.8 – mEvi eppAlum

Published by:

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

periya thirumozhi >> Second centum >> Eighth decad

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Highlights from avathArikai (Introduction)

No specific introduction.

pAsuram

mEvi eppAlum viNNOr vaNanga
vEdham uraippar munnIr madandhai
dhEvi appAl adhir sangam ippAl
sakkaram maRRivar vaNNam ennil
kAvi oppAr kadalEyum oppAr
kaNNum vadivum nediyarAy en
Avi oppAr ivarAr kol? enna
attabuyakaraththEn enRArE

Word-by-Word meanings

viNNOr – nithyasUris
eppAlum – in all directions
mEvi – remaining firmly
vaNanga – worshipped
vEdham – with vEdhams
uraippar – will praise;
munnIr – born in thiruppARkadal (milk ocean)
madandhai – periya pirAttiyAr
dhEvi – remains his crowned consort;
adhir – tumultuous
sangam – SrI pAnchajanyAzhwAn
appAl – present in his left side;
sakkaram – thiruvAzhiyAzhwAn (chakra)
ippAl – present in his right side;
maRRu – further
ivar – his
vaNNam – complexion
eNNil – if we analysed and tried to speak about it
kAvi – the colour of karuneydhal flower [blue Indian water-lily]
oppAr – matching
kadal – the colour of ocean
oppAr – matching
kaNNum – in the beauty of his divine eyes
vadivum – in the beauty of his divine form
nediyarAy – being immeasurable
en – for me
Avi oppAr – is like my life;
ivar Ar kol? enna – when asked “Who is he?”
attabuyagaraththEn – I am the lord of thiruvattabuyagaram
enRAr – mercifully said

Simple translation

Remaining firmly in all directions, nithyasUris worship him and will praise him with vEdhams; periya pirAttiyAr who is born in thiruppARkadal, remains his crowned consort; tumultuous SrI pAnchajanyAzhwAn is present in his left side; thiruvAzhiyAzhwAn is present in his right side; further, if we analysed his complexion and tried to speak about it, his complexion matches the colour of karuneydhal flower and ocean and the beauty of his divine eyes and divine form are immeasurable; when such emperumAn who is like my life was asked “Who is he?” he mercifully said “I am the lord of thiruvattabuyagaram”.

Highlights from vyAkyAnam (Commentary)

mEvi … – brahmA et al will not have their feet planted on the ground [since they detest the smell of earth]. nithyasUris who cannot tolerate the smell of such brahmA et al, remained in all directions and interact with him as in paramapadham.

vEdham uraippar – Whatever he says become vEdham.

munnIr madandhai dhEvi – munnIr madandhai could mean either periya pirAttiyAr [born in milk ocean] or SrI bhUmip pirAttiyAr [earth surrounded by ocean].

appAl adhir sangam – In the context of SrI bhUmip pirAttiyAr, the conch is blowing in that earth; in context of periya pirAttiyAr, the tumultuous conch is in the opposite side of where she is standing with emperumAn [periya pirAttiyAr resides on the right side of his chest and conch is held on the left hand, by emperumAn].

ippAl chakkaram – When one stands in one side, the other side is said to be “ippAl”.

maRRu … – When we see his complexion, it resembles that of karuneydhal flower and ocean.

kaN … – There is no match for his eyes and form; only when there is a boundary for the eyes, will there be such boundary for his form.

en Avi … – He remained in a manner that one cannot survive in his separation.

attabuyagaram – What you have said is not correct? emperumAn said “Have you not heard in SrI bhagavath gIthA 7.18gyAni thvAthmaiva mE matham’ (but the gyAni is the one who sustains (me) – this is my principle)?” He is saying “I cannot sustain without you”.

In the next article we will enjoy the next pAsuram.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org