upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 62 and 63

SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 62

Sixty second pAsuram. He mercifully states as to how one can easily attain paramapadham.

uyya ninaivu uNdAgil um gurukkaL tham padhaththE
vaiyum anbu thannai indha mAnilaththIr – mey uraikkEn
paiyaravil mAyan paramapadham ungaLukkAm
kai ilangu nellikkani

Oh those who are living in this expansive world of samsAram! If you have the thought to uplift yourselves, I will tell you a simple path to attain that. Listen to me. Carry out devotion at the divine feet of your AchAryan. You will attain paramapadham which is the divine abode of the amazing entity, emperumAn, who is reclining on AdhiSEshan, who has expanded hoods. This is the truth, and as clear as the back of one’s palm.

It is evident that this applies to all those who have a connection with their AchAryan and have devotion to him, from his usage of the generic term ungaLukku, which means “For you all”. Just as Sathrugna, who had devotion towards bharatha, attained SrI rAma’s affection, those who are devoted to their AchArya will easily attain emperumAn. Since these are divine words from maNavALa mAmuni, who is referred to as being one without any false words, there is no doubt in this.

pAsuram 63

Sixty third pAsuram. He mercifully speaks about the great benefit carried out by AchArya and the disciple remaining thankful to him for it.

AchAryan seydha upakAramAna adhu
thUydhAga nenju thannil thOnRumEl – dhEsAn
dharaththil irukka manam thAn porundha mAttAdhu
iruththal ini Edhu aRiyOm yAm

If a disciple realises in his mind that the benefit given by the AchAryan is faultless, it will be unsustainable for him to be at a place where he cannot carry out service to his AchAryan. I am unable to comprehend as to how, despite this, there are some people who are at a place where they cannot carry out service to their AchAryan.

AchAryan engages in many helpful activities such as bestowing knowledge on the disciple, correcting the disciple if he errs, engaging him in service, obtaining  for him mOksham itself etc. One who is a good disciple should think of these and be engaged in carrying out service, with gratitude. mAmunigaL himself stayed in AzhwAr thirunagari until his AchAryan, thiruvAimozhippiLLai. lived in this world and carried out the services as given by his AchAryan. It was only after his AchAryan left for the divine abode [SrIvaikuNtam] that he went to SrIrangam. Thus, he is instructing others, what he himself had followed.

Sources: http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/12/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-62/, http://divyaprabandham.koyil.org/index.php/2019/12/upadhesa-raththina-malai-tamil-63/

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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