upadhEsa raththina mAlai – Simple Explanation – pAsurams 48 and 49

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upadhEsa raththina mAlai

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pAsuram 48

Forty eighth pAsuram. After explaining the commentaries [written for other dhivya prabandhams] like this, mAmunigaL mercifully explains through the next two pAsurams about the narrative of Idu, the eminent commentary of nampiLLai.

sIrAr vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai ezhudhu
ErAr thamizh vEdhaththu Idu thanai – thArum ena
vAngi mun nampiLLai IyuNNi mAdhavarkkuth
thAm koduththAr pin adhanaiththAn

vadakkuth thiruvIdhip piLLai had the greatness of having acquired complete knowledge through his AchAryan’s mercy. nampiLLai took possession of Idu vyAkhyAnam, which had the greatness of explaining in a detailed manner, the meanings of thiruvAimozhi, from him saying “This is not the apt time to publicise this commentary. This will reach its heights of glory in later years through a great AchArya through widespread propaganda. Hence, give this to me now”. Thus, taking it in an earlier time from vadakkuth thiruvIdhippiLLai, he handed it over to his dear disciple, IyuNNi mAdhavan, at a later time. He told him to instruct it, through the method of an AchArya revealing its meanings to one disciple, in a secretive way.

In later years, maNavALa mAmunigaL learnt the Idu vyAkhyAnam from his AchArya, thiruvAimozhippiLLai and made it known throughout the world.

Later, he gave a discourse for a year at SrIrangam, agreeing to namperumAL’s divine caveat such that namperumAL along with his retinue, listened to it and enjoyed it. namperumAL recognised maNavALa mAmunigaL as his AchAryan, submitting the thaniyan starting with SrIsailESa dhayApAthram for maNavALa mAmunigaL, and ordained that this thaniyan be recited at the beginning and end of sEvAkAla kramam (the order of reciting aruLichcheyals). This incident is famous throughout the world.

pAsuram 49

Forty ninth pAsuram. He explains how the Idu vyAkhyAnam came down to reach his AchArya, thiruvAimozhippiLLai.

Angu avarpAl peRRa siRiyAzhwAn appiLLai
thAm koduththAr tham maganAr tham kaiyil – pAngudanE
nAlUrp piLLaikku avar thAm nalla maganArkku avar thAm
mElOrkku IndhAr avarE mikku

IyuNNi mAdhavap perumAL, also known as siRiyAzhwAn appiLLai, who obtained Idu from nampiLLai, taught it to his divine son IyuNNi padhmanAbap perumAL very well. When IyuNNi padhmanAbhap perumAL was living in kAnchIpuram, also referred to as perumAL kOyil, nAlUr piLLai carried out many servitude to his divine feet, was accepted by IyuNNi padhmanAbhap perumAL and learnt Idu vyAkhyAnam from him. Later, he taught Idu vyAkhyAnam to his son, nAlUrAchchAn piLLai. thiruvAimozhippiLLai, who reformed the divine abode AzhwAr thirunagari, reconstructed the sannidhis (sanctum sanctorum) of polindhu ninRa pirAn (emperumAn) and nammAzhwAr there, and established a temple for bhavishyadhAchAryar emperumAnAr, came to kAnchIpuram with the desire to learn Idu vyAkhyAnam. Based on the command of dhEvapperumAL himself, nAlUrAchchAn piLLai taught Idu vyAkhyAnam to thiruvAimozhip piLLai, thiruvAimozhi AchchAn and Ayi jannanyAchAr, at thirunArAyaNapuram. thiruvAimozhip piLLai, who learnt Idu thus, bestowed it as a great treasure to maNavALa mAmuni.

adiyEn krishNa rAmAnuja dhAsan

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